7.2.11. Per capita research and development expenditure in purchasing power standard, at constant prices (of 2005) (2000–)*(2/2)

(PPS)

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Countries 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Austria 853a 857 939a 947 988a 978 1 007 1 001 1 062
Belgium 605 639 671 685 705 733 768 823 864
Bulgaria 60 58 67 71 90 113 96 96 102
Cyprus 108 108 98 101 106 103 120 131 134
Czechia 275 325 368 390 416 428 381 423 467
Denmark 838 853 863 864 858 915 948 947 959
United Kingdom 453a 457 440a 459 474a 483 492a 493 515
Estonia 221 348 332 275 235 246 216 234 269
Finland 1 036 1 033 952 904 863 788 766 790 805
France 575 588 597 600 598 613 612 606a 621a
Greece 126a 129 125 141 147 170 177 204 217
Netherlands 575 641 643 645 668 681 697 708 788
Croatia 99 100 99 106 103 114 122 127 148
Ireland 511a 500a 500a 506a 523a 516 530 584 582
Poland 108 117 141 141 157 174 173 195 240
Latvia 74 92 92 88 102 96 70 85 112
Lithuania 109 137 143 158 180 187 156 176 181
Luxembourg 911 892 754 782 773 792 801 802 775
Hungary 165 175 185 207 211 219 198 232 282
Malta 124 139 174 168 166 187 148 158 154
Germany 789 859 885 872 902 930 943 1 003 1 037a
Italy 301 298 304 306 309a 311 323 330 338
Portugal 303 283 258 247 244 240 253 271 284
Romania 45 50 50 42 43 57 59 67 70
Spain 314 305 287 278 276 282 283 296 295
Sweden 973a 1 002 1 003a 1 016a 983a 1 054 1 075 1 124 1 117
Slovakia 109 121 149 155 170 235 163 188 185
Slovenia 446 528 544 539 510 484 457 444 483
European Union–28 447 465 472 474 484 499 505 526 549
Euro area–19 515 537 545 542 552 565 572 597 617
Norway 669 658 664 675 707 804 851 886 880
Russia 184 184 194 .. 205 .. .. .. ..
Serbia 65 65 81 67 70 80 86 92 102
Turkey 89 97 104 110 120 129 140 151 ..
Japan 854 886 892 944 973 953 917 .. ..
Republic of Korea 784 871 953 1 006 1 069 1 076 1 121 .. ..
United States 1 023 1 042 1 027 1 051 1 075 1 099 1 126 .. ..
*Source: Eurostat (Luxembourg).  aEstimated data.  Preliminary data  Revised data 

© Hungarian Central Statistical Office, 2011