7.3.6. Gross fixed capital formation (2000–)*(2/2)

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Countries 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
volume change (on previous year, per cent) as % of GDP
Austria -2.6 6.6 0.9 1.6 -0.4 2.3 4.3 3.9 3.3 23.9
Belgium -0.8 4.2 0.2 -1.5 5.8 2.7 3.8 1.8 2.9 24.0
Bulgaria -17.7 -4.4 1.8 0.3 3.4 2.7 -6.6 3.2 6.5 19.0
Cyprus -2.9 -11.9 -20.4 -16.6 -19.0 13.8 41.8 29.0 -7.1 19.4
Czech Republic 1.3 0.9 -3.1 -2.5 3.9 10.2 -3.1 3.7 10.5 26.2
Denmark -5.7 0.4 3.7 2.7 3.1 5.5 7.6 4.6 5.1 22.2
United Kingdoma 4.1 2.6 2.1 3.4 7.2 3.4 2.3 3.5 0.2 17.0
Estonia -2.7 34.4 12.7 1.5 -2.6 -7.6 2.9 12.5 3.3 23.9
Finland 1.1 4.1 -1.9 -4.9 -2.6 0.7 8.6 4.3 3.2 22.5
France 2.1 2.1 0.2 -0.8 0.0 1.0 2.7 4.7 2.8 22.9
Greece -19.3 -20.5 -23.5 -8.4 -4.7 0.7 4.7 9.1 -12.2 11.1
Netherlands -6.8 4.9 -6.3 -1.6 -2.4 29.0 -7.3 6.1 4.3 20.9
Croatia -15.2 -2.7 -3.3 1.4 -2.8 3.8 6.5 3.8 4.1 20.1
Ireland -15.0 0.4 16.0 -4.1 18.4 51.1 51.4 -31.0 9.7 24.9
Poland 0.0 8.8 -1.8 -1.1 10.0 6.1 -8.2 4.0 8.7 18.2
Latvia -19.8 24.0 14.4 -6.0 0.1 -0.5 -8.4 13.1 16.4 22.8
Lithuania 1.5 20.1 -1.8 8.3 5.8 4.9 0.3 6.8 6.5 19.3
Luxembourg 3.5 13.7 6.1 1.2 9.5 -9.9 10.4 4.0 -2.7 17.5
Hungary -9.5 -1.3 -3.0 9.8 12.3 4.7 -11.7 18.2 16.5 25.5
Malta 26.4 -16.2 1.5 1.2 6.7 55.3 -0.1 -7.4 -3.7 18.8
Germany 5.4 7.2 -0.7 -1.3 3.9 1.6 3.5 2.9 2.6 20.8
Italy -0.5 -1.9 -9.3 -6.6 -2.3 2.1 3.5 4.3 3.4 18.0
Portugal -0.9 -12.5 -16.6 -5.1 2.3 5.8 2.3 9.2 4.5b 17.1b
Romania -2.8 6.1 3.1 -5.6 3.3 7.5 -0.2 3.5 -3.2 21.2
Spain -4.9 -6.9 -8.6 -3.4 4.7 6.7 2.9 4.8 5.3 21.2
Sweden 6.0 5.7 -0.3 0.6 5.4 6.7 4.2 6.0 4.0 25.5
Slovakia 7.2 12.7 -9.0 -0.9 3.0 21.9 -9.4 3.4 6.8 22.0
Slovenia -13.3 -4.9 -8.8 3.2 1.0 -1.6 -3.7 10.7 10.6 19.7
European Union–28 0.0 1.9 -2.4 -1.3 2.9 4.9 3.1 3.1 3.3 20.5
Euro area–19 -0.4 1.5 -3.4 -2.3 1.7 4.9 3.9 2.7 3.4 21.0
Norway -6.4 7.5 7.6 6.3 -0.3 -4.0 5.2 3.6 1.0 24.1
Russia 6.4b 9.2b 5.9 1.3 -2.7 -10.4 -1.4 .. .. 20.0c
Switzerland 4.4 4.4 3.3 0.6 3.0 2.3 3.4 3.3 1.8 24.5
Serbia -6.5 4.7 13.9 -12.0 -3.4 4.9 5.4 7.3 9.2 18.7
Turkey 22.5 23.8 2.7 13.8 5.1 9.3 2.2 7.8 .. 30.0d
Israel 9.1 13.6 4.1 3.8 0.8 0.2 12.8 3.0 .. 20.3d
Japan -1.6 1.7 3.5 4.9 3.1 1.6 -0.3 3.0 .. 23.8d
China 12.5 8.8 9.0 9.3 6.8 6.7 6.8 4.3 .. 42.6d
Republic of Korea 5.5 0.8 -0.5 3.3 3.4 5.1 5.6 8.6 .. 31.1d
South Africa -3.9 5.5 2.6 7.2 0.7 2.5 -3.5 1.0 -1.4 18.2
United States 2.2 4.6 6.9 3.6 4.9 3.3 1.7 4.0 .. 20.5d
Canada 11.5 4.6 4.9 1.4 2.3 -5.2 -4.3 3.0 1.2 22.5
Mexico 4.7 7.8 4.9 -3.4 3.1 5.0 1.0 -1.6 .. 22.1d
Australia 3.6 11.5 3.0 -1.8 -3.2 -3.4 -0.2 4.4 .. 24.2d
New Zealand 3.7 6.0 5.1 9.7 7.9 3.9 3.6 4.7 .. 23.2d
*Source: Eurostat (Luxembourg); UN database.  aMethodically different data.  bEstimated data.  c2016.  d2017.  Preliminary data  Revised data 

© Hungarian Central Statistical Office, 2011