2.2.2.1. Indicators of poverty or social exclusion, reference year (2010–)

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Indicators 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
reference year
Poverty threshold
Single person
HUF 742 662 787 200 772 200 803 748 843 941 886 803 932 162 1 006 249 1 119 752
EUR 2 696 2 818 2 670 2 707 2 734 2 861 2 993 3 254 3 511
PPS 4 281 4 563 4 366 4 535 4 751 4 960 4 999 5 162 5 616
Two adults with two dependent children
HUF 1 559 589 1 653 120 1 621 620 1 687 870 1 772 275 1 862 287 1 957 541 2 113 122 2 351 479
EUR 5 661 5 917 5 606 5 686 5 741 6 007 6 285 6 834 7 374
PPS 8 990 9 581 9 170 9 524 9 978 10 417 10 498 10 839 11 794
At-risk-of-poverty rate by age and sex
Total 14.1 14.3 15.0 15.0 14.9 14.5 13.4 12.8 12.3
Male 14.5 14.8 15.5 15.5 15.6 14.4 13.1 11.9 11.7
Female 13.7 14.0 14.5 14.5 14.4 14.5 13.7 13.6 12.8
0–17 23.7 22.9 23.8 25.0 22.7 19.9 14.8 13.8 11.5
18–64 13.8 14.0 15.2 14.9 15.5 15.0 14.2 13.4 12.9
Male 13.7 14.3 15.3 15.2 15.9 14.7 14.0 12.6 12.8
Female 13.8 13.7 15.0 14.7 15.1 15.3 14.4 14.1 13.0
65+ 4.9 6.3 4.6 4.5 4.6 6.8 9.1 9.8 11.1
Male 4.1 5.4 3.3 3.8 4.1 5.9 7.9 7.4 7.8
Female 5.4 6.8 5.4 4.9 4.8 7.3 9.7 11.3 13.1
At-risk-of-poverty rate by the most frequent activity, age and sex
Employed 6.2 5.7 7.0 6.7 9.3 9.6 10.2 8.4 8.4
Male 6.9 6.6 7.7 7.4 9.7 9.4 9.9 7.9 8.1
Female 5.4 4.7 6.2 5.9 8.7 9.9 10.6 8.9 8.7
Unemployed 47.1 49.6 53.2 54.0 54.4 48.5 51.0 53.6 55.9
Male 49.2 51.5 56.4 55.1 57.3 50.1 52.6 54.0 63.4
Female 44.4 47.4 49.5 52.7 50.5 46.1 48.8 53.1 48.4
Pensioner 4.6 5.5 5.6 4.8 5.0 7.1 9.1 10.0 10.9
Male 4.0 4.8 4.6 4.7 4.8 5.8 7.9 7.7 7.9
Female 5.0 6.0 6.2 4.9 5.2 7.9 9.8 11.3 12.6
Other inactive 22.0 22.6 23.3 23.6 24.5 23.5 19.5 19.6 21.2
Male 20.2 22.7 22.4 22.2 23.9 23.2 20.3 18.8 23.5
Female 23.0 22.6 23.9 24.5 24.9 23.7 19.0 20.1 19.7
At-risk-of-poverty rate by household type
Households without dependent children 8.9 9.6 10.1 9.2 10.8 11.3 12.5 11.9 12.7
Single person
Male 22.5 23.8 20.4 19.3 21.6 20.9 18.5 20.4 22.2
Female 12.3 12.1 11.2 9.1 11.5 15.0 16.5 19.7 22.8
<65 22.2 22.0 21.9 18.6 23.7 24.5 23.8 25.3 27.1
65+ 8.6 9.6 6.2 6.3 5.5 9.0 10.0 14.2 17.3
Two adults without dependent children (<65) 10.8 10.1 12.0 11.9 12.7 13.3 14.8 12.6 10.5
Households with dependent children 18.8 18.8 19.7 20.7 18.9 17.6 14.1 12.6 11.3
Single person with dependent children 28.1 28.2 33.2 32.4 37.5 37.5 31.2 31.5 21.6
Two adults with one dependent child 12.0 12.3 12.8 13.9 13.3 13.1 16.2 11.3 10.8
Two adults with two dependent children 13.9 13.3 12.3 14.1 14.3 13.7 12.2 10.0 8.2
Two adults with three or more dependent children 35.4 34.4 35.6 33.0 27.6 25.2 14.2 11.6 11.4
At-risk-of poverty rate in Roma and non-Roma population
Roma .. .. .. 67.9 63.6 54.7 48.4 40.9 38.4
Non-Roma .. .. .. 13.1 13.7 13.2 12.8 12.1 11.4
At-risk-of-poverty rate by tenure status
Owner 13.4 13.6 14.3 14.2 14.0 13.8 12.9 12.1 12.2
Tenant 24.2 24.4 24.1 25.0 23.4 21.1 18.1 20.0 13.7
At-risk-of-poverty rate before social transfers by age and sex
Total 29.0 27.3 27.0 26.6 25.7 25.8 25.0 25.0 20.0
Male 29.8 28.0 27.9 27.5 26.5 26.0 24.7 24.2 19.4
Female 28.3 26.7 26.1 25.7 24.9 25.6 25.3 25.7 20.6
0–17 48.7 43.8 43.8 45.6 43.7 43.6 41.2 40.7 30.9
18–64 28.7 27.2 27.2 26.4 25.7 25.4 24.5 24.3 19.3
Male 28.5 27.3 27.5 26.2 25.5 24.8 23.6 23.2 18.7
Female 28.8 27.1 27.0 26.6 25.9 26.0 25.3 25.3 19.8
65+ 8.8 9.7 7.6 6.9 6.7 9.1 11.0 12.8 12.2
Male 6.7 7.7 4.8 5.4 5.7 7.2 9.5 10.2 9.2
Female 10.0 10.9 9.3 7.8 7.3 10.3 11.9 14.5 14.1
Relative at risk of poverty gap by age and sex
Total 18.2 20.9 21.0 22.3 21.8 18.8 16.7 24.1 28.9
Male 18.9 21.6 23.1 22.8 21.7 18.8 17.9 25.5 31.1
Female 17.9 19.8 20.2 21.6 22.0 18.8 16.0 22.6 25.3
0–17 18.6 21.6 20.8 23.1 22.5 17.5 14.2 36.9 32.2
18–64 19.1 21.5 23.5 22.5 22.1 20.7 18.8 24.4 32.9
Male 19.7 22.1 24.8 23.3 22.1 21.3 19.2 26.5 34.1
Female 18.2 20.7 21.3 21.9 21.9 20.3 18.3 23.4 30.6
65+ 10.2 11.6 11.2 11.6 15.3 14.3 14.7 12.6 9.6
Male 9.5 11.1 12.8 16.4 25.0 14.9 17.3 11.1 9.4
Female 11.1 12.0 10.8 10.4 12.2 14.3 13.7 13.1 9.7
S80/S20 3.9 4.0 4.3 4.3 4.3 4.3 4.3 4.4 4.2
Gini-coefficients 26.9 27.2 28.3 28.6 28.2 28.2 28.1 28.7 28.0
Severe material depirvation rate by age
Total 23.4 26.3 27.8 24.0 19.4 16.2 14.5 10.1 8.7
0–17 30.4 34.1 35.6 31.9 24.9 21.1 19.2 15.2 13.1
18–64 23.3 26.1 28.1 23.8 19.2 16.5 14.7 10.1 8.3
65+ 16.2 18.6 17.8 16.5 14.2 10.2 9.4 5.6 6.0
Severe material deprivation rate in Roma and non-Roma population
Roma .. .. .. 78.1 67.8 63.9 55.5 53.7 43.4
Non-Roma .. .. .. 22.1 18.1 14.7 13.8 9.1 7.5
Share of persons living in overcrowded dwelling by age
Total .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 20.3
0–17 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 38.1
18–64 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 19.4
65+ .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 6.2
Rate of those living in a household with very low work intensity by age
in percentage of total population 9.8 10.3 10.3 9.7 7.1 6.0 4.8 4.1 3.7
share of persons over 60 12.8 13.5 13.6 12.8 9.4 8.2 6.6 5.7 5.0
0–17 14.8 16.4 15.1 15.2 11.2 9.2 7.5 4.8 4.6
18–59 12.3 12.6 13.2 12.1 8.9 7.9 6.3 6.0 5.1
Rate of persons living in households with very low work intensity in Roma and non-Roma population
Roma .. .. .. 45.3 26.7 35.9 25.2 15.1 13.8
Non-Roma .. .. .. 8.4 6.6 5.2 4.5 3.9 3.3
People at risk of poverty or social exclusion by age and sex
Total 31.5 33.5 34.8 31.8 28.2 26.3 25.6 19.6 18.9
Male 31.1 32.9 34.4 31.4 28 26.0 25.0 18.9 18.0
Female 32.0 34.0 35.2 32.3 28.4 26.5 26.1 20.3 19.6
0–17 40.4 41.9 43.9 41.8 36.1 33.6 31.6 23.8 22.4
18–64 32.2 34.0 36.0 32.4 28.9 27.2 26.3 20.4 19.1
Male 31.5 33.3 35.2 31.5 28.6 26.7 25.8 19.8 18.7
Female 32.9 34.6 36.8 33.2 29.2 27.7 26.9 20.9 19.5
65+ 19.0 22.0 20.2 19.0 17.1 15.1 16.8 13.3 14.4
Male 13.8 16.7 14.7 15.5 13.1 11.8 13.9 9.6 10.5
Female 22.0 25.0 23.4 21.0 19.5 17.0 18.6 15.6 16.8
People at risk of poverty or social exclusion by household type
Households without dependent children 27.4 29.5 30.5 27.3 25.2 23.0 23.1 17.6 17.3
Single person 38.9 40.2 38.0 34.7 32.0 30.0 29.1 26.6 27.5
Two adults without dependent children (<65) 30.1 30.9 33.6 30.1 26.6 24.8 25.2 17.4 16.7
Households with dependent children 35.3 37.1 39.1 36.3 31.1 29.7 27.9 20.6 20.0
Single person with dependent children 57.4 57.7 61.3 63.2 56.0 62.3 52.8 40.0 31.5
Two adults with one dependent child 28.2 31.2 32.2 27.8 24.1 22.6 25.0 16.4 16.5
Two adults with two dependent children 27.1 26.8 27.6 24.3 20.1 20.3 19.6 12.6 11.4
Two adults with three or more dependent children 50.0 52.3 53.8 49.1 42.0 38.4 36.1 25.5 28.6
People at risk of poverty or social exclusion by most frequent activity status
Employed 19.5 20.9 23.6 20.3 18.7 18.4 19.0 12.9 12.4
Unemployed 71.3 78.3 77.8 77.4 77.5 70.4 73.1 70.0 69.4
Pensioner 21.3 23.8 24.8 22.5 20.3 18.0 19.0 14.9 15.5
Other inactive 47.4 48.1 50.0 45.1 42.9 41.7 38.2 32.8 35.0
At risk of poverty or social exclusion rate in Roma and non-Roma population
Roma .. .. .. 89.9 83.7 82.8 75.6 67.8 63.2
Non-Roma .. .. .. 29.8 26.8 24.5 24.7 18.5 17.3
Revised data 

© Hungarian Central Statistical Office, 2011