Published on: 12 February 2021

This is how the representative items and the weight numbers ofthe consumer price index changed in 2021

The prices increased by 2.7% in January compared to the same month of the previous year

Consumer prices were 2.7% higher on average in January 2021 than a year earlier. Significant price rises were measured over the last 12 months for alcoholic beverages and tobacco as well as food. Consumer prices increased by 0.9% on average in one month.

In 12 months, compared to January 2020:

Food prices were up by 3.9%, within which the price of edible oil by 16.3%, that of sugar by 11.7%, the price of meals at canteens by 8.9%, that of seasonal food items (potatoes, fresh vegetables and fresh domestic and tropical fruits together) by 8.0%, flour prices by 7.1%, the price of other meat preparations by 6.6% and bread prices by 6.0%. A price decrease of 6.3% was recorded for pork and of 0.7% for poultry meat. Alcoholic beverages and tobacco became an average 9.9%, within which tobacco 16.5% more expensive. Consumers paid 3.1% more for consumer durables and 3.5% less for motor fuels.

In one month, compared to December 2020:

Consumer prices increased by 0.9% on average. Food became 1.0% more expensive, within which seasonal food items (potatoes, fresh vegetables and fruits) cost 4.3%, edible oil 3.2%, chocolate and cocoa 2.4%, pasta products 2.0%, sugar 1.9% and poultry meat 0.9% more, while milk 0.7% less for consumers. Alcoholic beverages and tobacco prices went up by 2.3% on average, within which tobacco prices – due to an increase in the excise duty imposed on them – by 3.0%. Consumers paid 3.9% more for motor fuels. Consumer durables prices rose by 0.6% on average, within which the price of new passenger cars by 2.4%. Services became 0.5%, within which postal services 5.6% more expensive, and motorway tolls and the charges for renting a car and parking increased by 2.7% – as an effect of a rise in motorway tolls. Clothing and footwear cost 2.8% less for consumers due to the end-of-season sale.

Consumer price indices, January 2021


Denomination Previous month = 100.0 Corresponding month of previous year = 100.0
Consumer price index100.9102.7
Harmonised index of consumer prices100.9102.9
Core inflation (original, seasonally unadjusted)a)100.7104.2
Consumer price index for pensioners100.9102.9

a) Seasonally adjusted indices are available in Table 3.6.6 in the Summary tables (STADAT).