Published on: 21 December 2015

More births and more deaths

In the first ten months of 2015, 76,531 children were born, 0.5% more than a year earlier. The number of deceases was 109,822, which meant an increase of 5.5% compared to January–October 2014. The natural decrease was 33,291, 5,382 more than a year earlier.

In the first ten months of 2015, 76,531 children were born, which exceeded by 366 (0.5%) the value of the same period last year. The number of births rose in six months of the year, and remained below the last year’s level in four of them. The largest growth was recorded in January (5.6%), and the most considerable decrease occurred in July (4.3%) compared to the corresponding months of the previous year.

The number of deaths was 109,822 which exceeded by 5.5% or numerically by 5,748 the value in January–October 2014. The number of deaths was higher in six months of the year and declined in four compared to the same period last year. The peak of the flu epidemic and the low base level last year contributed to the considerable surplus of deaths in January–February. The average rise of 6.7% in July–August was due to the unfavourable effect of heat waves on mortality. Then, 6.9% fewer deceases were registered on average in September–October than a year before.

The number of deaths rose faster than that of births, resulting in an increase of the natural decrease from 27,909 in January–October 2014 to 33,291 persons in the first ten months of 2015.

The 40,845 marriages registered in January–October 2015 were significantly, by 16% or numerically by 5,583 more than in the base period. The number of matrimonies exceeded the value of the previous year in each of the ten months; within this, in October, 33% more marriages were registered than in the same period last year.

There were 9.3 live births and 13.4 deceases per thousand inhabitants. The former was unchanged, but the latter was 0.7 per mille point higher than in January–October 2014. The rate of natural decrease rose by 0.7 per mille point to 4.1 per mille. The number of infant deaths was 4.2 per thousand live births in the first ten months of the year, which meant a decrease of 0.5 per mille point year-on-year. The marriage rate of 5.0 per mille was 0.7 per mille point higher than a year earlier.

Main data of vital events, January–October 2015

Vital event Number Change compared to the same period of the previous year, % Per thousand inhabitants Change compared to the same period of the previous year, %
Live birth 76 531 0.5 9.3 0.7
Death 109 822 5.5 13.4 5.8
Infant death 318 –11.4 4.2a) –11.8
Marriage 40 845 15.8 5.0 16.1
Natural decrease–33 291 19.3 –4.1 19.6

a) Per thousand live births.