Published on: 18 December 2020

Substantial growth in deaths and higher natural decrease in November compared to previous month

In January–November 2020, the number of births was 4.4% and that of deaths 3.3% larger, as a result of which the natural decrease was up by 0.9% or 346 according to preliminary data compared to a year earlier. In November 2020, the number of live births rose slightly, by 0.3%, and that of deaths substantially, by 52% on the same month of 2019, so the natural decrease grew by 190%. There were 8.6% fewer live births and the number of deaths rose considerably, by 26% in November 2020 compared to the previous month, the natural decrease going up from 4,216 in October to 8,032 by November.

In November 2020:1

7,334 children were born, 0.3% or 19 more than in November 2019.

15,366 people lost their lives, 52% or 5,279 more than a year earlier. This has been the highest monthly number of deaths since January 2000, which was then caused by the peaking seasonal flu epidemic.

The number of deaths rose to a higher extent than the number of births, and because of this the natural decrease over the month was 8,032, which was a growth of 190% on 2,772 in November 2019.

The number of marriages decreased by 14%; 3,661 couples got married, 595 fewer than in November 2019.

In January–November 2020:

84,975 children were born, 4.4% or 3,563 more than in January–November 2019. Within this, the number of live births was 8.8% higher in January–February, 2.3% larger in March–May, 9.1% higher in June, 2.6% larger in July–August and 3.4% higher in September–November compared to the corresponding periods of 2019.

The total fertility rate was estimated at 1.56 per female, compared with 1.49 for January–November 2019.

There were 122,302 deaths, 3.3% or 3,909 more than one year earlier. 13% fewer people died in January–February and 2.0% fewer in May–July, while 1.8% more in March–April, 2.5% more in August–September, 16% more in October and 52% more in November than a year earlier.

As a result of the significant rise in the number of deaths in October–November, the natural decrease was 37,327, which was an increase of 0.9% compared to 36,981 in January–November 2019.

63,994 couples got married, which was 3.1% or 1,946 more than in the same period of 2019. 101% more marriages were registered in January–March, 8.9% more in April and 8.3% more in September–October, while 15% fewer in May–August and 14% fewer in November than in the corresponding periods of 2019.

There were 9.5 live births and 13.7 deaths per thousand population. Both data were 0.4 per mille point higher than in the period of January–November 2019. Because of all this, the 4.2 per mille rate of the natural decrease was only slightly higher than one year earlier. The number of infant deaths was 3.4 per thousand live births in January–November 2020, which was 0.4 per mille point fewer than in January–November of the previous year. The marriage rate was 7.2 per mille, 0.2 per mille point more compared to the same period of 2019.

Main data on vital events, January–November 2020

Vital events Number Change compared to same period of previous year, % Per thousand population Change compared to same period of previous year, %
Live births84 9754.49.54.4
Deaths122 3023.313.73.3
Infant deaths288–5.63.4a)–9.5
Natural increase/decrease–37 3270.9–4.20.9
Marriages63 9943.17.23.1

a) Per thousand live births.