In January 2021, employment was down by 97 thousand month-on-month and 55 thousand year-on-year, partly due to the pandemic and partly due to seasonal effects

Monthly number of employed persons

In January 2021, the employment rate was 71.1%, 1.5 percentage points lower than a month earlier and 0.7 percentage point lower than a year earlier

Monthly employment rate of 15–64 year olds by sex

In January 2021, the employment rate was highest in Győr-Moson-Sopron (77.6%) and lowest in Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén (62.2%)

Change in the employment rate of 15-64 year olds by counties, January 2021

In January 2021, the number of non-employed persons increased by 44 thousand compared to the same month of the previous year. Partly as a result of the pandemic, and partly due to seasonal effects, the number increased by 94,000 compared to December. The number of unemployed was 38,000 higher and the number of inactive was 56,000 higher than in December 2020

Monthly change in the number of non-employed (unemployed and inactive) aged 15-74

In January 2021, 238 thousand people were unemployed, 38 thousand more than a month earlier, and 54 thousand more than a year earlier

Monthly change in the number of unemployed aged 15-74

Year-on-year, employment declined most in manufacturing, accommodation and food services as well as in transportation and storage, by a total of 93 thousand people

Number of employed by section

In January 2021, the unemployment rate was 5.0%, 0.8 percentage point higher than a month earlier and 1.1 percentage points higher than a year ago

Monthly unemployment rate of 15–74 year olds, by sex

In January 2021, the unemployment rate was highest in Nógrád (12.5%), and grew fastest year-on-year there and in Zala

Unemployment rate of 15–64 year olds by counties, January 2021

In January 2021, potential labour reserves increased by 88 thousand people compared to the previous month and by 142 thousand people compared to the same period of the previous year

Monthly change in potential labour reserves within the population aged 15-74

In January 2021, the share of potential labour reserves nationwide was 6.4%; within this, it was the highest in Northern Hungary (9.3%) and the lowest in Central Transdanubia (4.2%). The largest increase - 3.7 percentage points - took place in the Budapest region in one year

Potential labour reserve ratio by region within the population aged 15-74, January 2021

In December 2020, unemployment rates within the European Union fell year-on-year only in Italy and Portugal and rose the most in Lithuania

Year-on-year change in the unemployment rate of 15-74 year-olds in the EU Member States, December 2020*

In December 2020, Hungary's unemployment rate (4.3%) was lower than the EU average (7.4%). Only Czechia, Poland and the Netherlands had better unemployment data

Unemployment rate of 15-74 year olds in the Member States of the European Union

In December 2020, gross earnings averaged HUF 449,400, 10.6% more than a year earlier

Changes in gross average earnings of full time employees*

Monthly gross earnings in 2020 averaged HUF 403 600, 9.7% more than a year before

Gross average earnings of full time employees by sectors, 2020

In December 2020, gross average earnings were 10.6% and real earnings 7.7% higher than a year earlier

Changes in gross average and net real earnings of full time employees*

Accounted gross earnings totalled HUF 1.3 thousand billion in December 2020, 8.4% more than a year earlier

Changes in gross earnings*

Both gross earnings and gross average earnings grew by 2.5% in December 2020 compared to the previous month due to the end-of-the-year premium and bonus payments

Changes in gross earnings and average gross earnings*