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9.17. People doing telework on the labour market

From 2001 the Hungarian Labour Force Survey's (LFS) economic activity questionnaire is supplemented with information that enables to identify teleworkers by how often they do telework (regurlarly, ocassionally), to present their demographic and labour market characteristics, and to monitor the changes in them. The question is addressed to people aged 15–74 being in the sample.

Question to identify teleworkers in the Labour Force Survey

Did you do telework during the last four week (making use of instruments of informatics and telecommunicaton)?

According to the instructions for completing this question

"Telework is any work in which the employer and the employee are spaced apart during the course of the work, there is a telecommunication connection between them, and the work is presupposes the use of electronic equipment. The employee transmits the results of the work via telecommunication channel.

The telework is considered to be regular if the respondent has spent at least half of the time spent working in the last four weeks in this form. If the time spent with telework does not reach fifty percent of the time spent working, but has occured in the last four weeks, it is considered "ocassional". If this type of work has never occurred, the answer code is "no"."

The results of the LFS supplementary survey for the mapping of atypical forms of employment in the first quarter of 2018, as well as methodological research have shown that the respondents usually include the "home office" phenomenon in their responses as part of 'teleworking. While the conditions of telework as an atypical form of employment is regulated by the Labor Code, the "home office" is subject to an individual, internal employer regulation. Treatment of these two phenomena together was also confirmed by the results obtained during the first wave of the coronavirus epidemic, when employers provided a much higher proportion of their employees the "home office" option, and this was reflected in the increased rate of telework when evaluating the results of the survey.

The sample size of the respondents

Year Doing telework in the last four week Together
regularly ocassionally no
sample size
20011211 850119 495121 466
2002851 311117 463118 859
20037521 233124 884126 869
20049261 170116 317118 413
20059061 051110 450112 407
2006743925111 555113 223
20078921 046108 652110 590
20089461 099100 977103 022
20099581 22597 71999 902
20109591 32095 70497 983
20118801 15196 64298 673
20121 1401 44494 35996 943
20131 2181 38989 48692 093
20147961 42594 40396 624
20157201 32394 05195 977
201668992993 96094 792
201774397192 10893 822
201864999487 17588 818
201940157384 23885 212

2.1. Methodology of labour market
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