In May 2021, 47 thousand more people were working than in the previous month, and 55 thousand more than in the same month of the previous year

Monthly number of employed persons aged 15–74

In May 2021, the employment rate was 72.6%, 0.7 percentage point higher than a month earlier and 1.6 percentage point higher than a year earlier

Monthly employment rate of 15–64 year olds by sex

In May 2021, employment rates increased in all priority age groups compared to a year earlier, except for young people aged 15-24

Monthly employment rate of 15-64 year olds by age group

In May 2021, the employment rate was the highest in Budapest (77.6%) and the lowest in Nógrád county (60.8%)

Employment rate of persons aged 15-64 by county, May 2021

In May 2021, 4 million 434 thousand people were working in the domestic primary labour market, 36 thousand more than a month earlier. In addition, the number of people working abroad (87 thousand) also increased (by 16 thousand), while the number of public workers (85 thousand) was 5 thousand lower than in April 2021

Monthly number of employees aged 15-74

In May 2021, the share of people working remotely or from a home office was 9.4%, 7.2 percentage points lower than the peak in May 2020

Monthly data of the proportion of people working remotely or from home

Accommodation services, sports, recreation and leisure activities and social work suffered the largest falls in employment, with a total of 45 thousand fewer people working in these sectors than a year earlier

Number of employed by section

In May 2021, the number of non-working persons decreased by 53 thousand compared to the previous month and by 105 thousand compared to the same month of the previous year

Monthly change in the number of non-employed (unemployed and inactive) aged 15-74

The 189 thousand unemployed persons in May 2021 were 22 thousand fewer than a month earlier and 26 thousand fewer than a year earlier

Monthly change in the number of unemployed aged 15-74

In May 2021, the unemployment rate was 3.9%, 0.5 percentage point lower than a month earlier and 0.6 percentage point lower than a year ago

Monthly unemployment rate of 15–74 year olds, by sex

In May 2021, Nógrád county had the highest unemployment rate (13.3%) and the largest increase in a year

Unemployment rate for persons aged 15-64 by county, May 2021
Unemployment rate for persons aged 15-64 by county, May 2021

In May 2021, the potential labour reserve decreased by 38 thousand compared to the previous month and by 51 thousand compared to the same period of the previous year

Monthly change in potential labour reserves within the population aged 15-74

In May 2021, the national potential labour reserve rate was 5.0% nationally, with the highest rate in the Northern Great Plain (7.6%) and the lowest in Central Transdanubia (3.1%). Only the Northern Great Plain recorded an increase of 0.8 percentage point compared to the previous year

Share of potential labour reserve by region in the population aged 15-74, May 2021
Share of potential labour reserve by region in the population aged 15-74, May 2021

In May 2021, Hungary ranked sixth among EU countries with an unemployment rate of 3.9%

Unemployment rate of 15-74 year olds in the Member States of the European Union, May 2021

In May 2021, Hungary's unemployment rate (3.9%) was lower than the EU average (7.1%), and only Czechia, Netherlands, Germany, Poland and Malta had better unemployment figures

Unemployment rate of 15-74 year olds in the EU Member States

In May 2021, the unemployment rate increased in nearly half of the EU Member States compared to the same month of the previous year, most notably in Ireland

Unemployment rate of 15-74-year-olds in EU Member States in May 2021 compared to the same month of the previous year

In May 2021, youth unemployment was the lowest in Czechia (5.9%) and the highest in Spain (37.3%). Compared to the same month last year, the youth unemployment rate increased the most in Poland (3.5 percentage points), while it decreased the most in Finland (11.2 percentage points)

Unemployment rate of youth aged 15–24 in the EU Member States, May 2021*

Unemployment rates in May showed the largest differences in favour of men in Greece and women in Finland

Unemployment rate gap between women and men aged 15-74 in EU Member States, May 2021*

Average gross earnings in April 2021 (HUF 440 600) were 10.1% higher than a year earlier and 1.3% higher than in the previous month

Changes in gross average earnings of full-time employees*

In April 2021, average gross monthly earnings reached HUF 457 300 in enterprises and HUF 408 600 in budgetary institutions, 9.0% and 12.7% higher than a year earlier, respectively

Gross average earnings of full time employees by sector, April 2021

Average gross earnings in April 2021 were 10.1% higher than a year earlier, while real earnings were 4.8% higher

Changes in gross average and net real earnings of full-time employees*

The reported gross wage bill (1.3 thousand billion forints) in April 2021 increased sharply by 17.2% compared to the low base of a year earlier, in the context of the labour market effects of the first wave of pandemic measures

Changes in gross earnings*

In April 2021, average earnings rose by 10.1% and the wage bill by 17.2% compared with April of the previous year. In April, the growth in the wage bill was significantly above average, due to a lower base from last April

Changes in gross earnings and average gross earnings*