Country, group of countries 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Austria 2.2 5.2 4.3 5.2 6.6 6.1 3.0 2.8 2.9 2.1 2.6 3.7 5.2 6.6 8.6 13.2 7.5 5.1 4.0 4.6 4.4
Belgium 1.3 3.3 3.7 3.2 3.2 4.7 4.9 5.5 5.9 5.9 7.9 4.6 3.9 2.4 3.2 5.5 2.4 3.2 4.3 5.0 4.9
Bulgaria 0.0 -29.5 -2.2 -2.0 -2.1 -2.2 -2.3 -2.3 -2.4 -2.5 -2.4 -0.7 -0.3 -0.2 -0.3 -0.6 -1.3 -0.8 -0.5 -0.3 4.4
Cyprus 5.7 6.6 7.7 8.7 9.7 11.0 13.7 19.9 21.1 22.0 19.2 21.3 -0.7 -14.0 -17.4 -2.4 2.9 7.2 9.3 10.0 5.1
Czechia -2.7 -1.4 0.7 2.0 1.3 3.0 2.9 7.7 6.5 2.4 1.4 1.6 1.0 -0.1 2.1 1.5 1.9 2.7 3.6 4.1 2.5
Denmark 1.9 2.2 1.8 1.3 0.9 1.2 1.9 3.7 4.6 2.8 3.0 2.4 3.0 3.8 4.8 7.4 5.7 4.2 3.2 1.6 1.9
Estonia -2.3 -2.4 -2.2 -2.8 -2.7 -3.8 -4.0 -2.1 -1.5 -1.6 -2.8 -2.9 -2.8 -2.0 -0.5 1.8 0.8 4.0 5.3 4.0 2.8
Finland 0.5 1.2 1.0 1.1 1.3 1.7 2.0 2.6 2.9 2.7 2.6 3.1 3.3 3.3 2.8 2.3 3.1 2.4 2.1 2.8 3.2
France 2.7 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.2 3.0 1.8 1.2 0.9 0.5 0.6 0.3 1.1 1.5 0.5 -0.4 -0.3 0.8 0.0 0.0 0.8
Greece 5.8 4.8 2.6 2.4 2.6 2.9 2.2 2.1 2.1 1.3 -0.1 -2.9 -6.0 -5.4 -4.3 -4.2 1.0 0.8 1.6 3.3 0.9
Netherlands 3.6 3.5 1.7 0.4 -0.6 -1.4 -1.6 -0.1 1.9 2.3 2.0 1.8 0.8 1.2 2.1 3.2 4.6 4.7 5.0 6.2 3.9
Croatia -11.7 4.3 2.4 3.1 3.4 2.5 2.3 2.1 1.4 0.2 -1.0 -0.9 -0.9 -1.1 -2.4 -4.3 -5.4 -7.7 -3.3 -0.6 -0.2
Ireland 8.4 10.2 8.6 8.1 12.2 15.2 22.2 16.9 3.7 -4.2 -5.6 -5.9 -4.8 -2.5 0.4 2.8 5.2 3.0
9.0a
6.5a
3.7
Poland -0.5 -0.4 -0.5 -0.4 -0.2 -0.3 -0.9 -0.5 -0.4 0.0 0.1 -0.3 -0.1 -0.7 -0.3 -0.3 0.3 0.1 0.6 0.5 0.1
Latvia -6.9 -8.2 -4.0 -5.1 -6.8 -4.9 -4.0 -3.6 -10.3 -16.1 -17.0 -9.7 -5.8 -7.1 -4.3 -5.4 -6.2 -4.0 -2.5 -1.8 -1.7
Lithuania -5.8 -6.7 -3.4 -6.3 -9.5 -15.4 -7.5 -6.7 -5.1 -10.1 -25.2 -12.6 -7.1 -5.7 -4.2 -7.7 -10.5 -9.7 -1.2 3.9 7.2
Luxembourg 7.9 7.5 5.9 12.0 9.6 13.1 11.3 12.5 15.8 13.2 15.1 21.2 18.9 19.0 19.9 19.6 16.2 15.8 16.3 16.6 10.7
Hungary 1.6 1.0 0.3 1.5 1.8 1.7 2.1 1.4 1.6 1.7 1.2 1.3 1.6 0.6 1.1 1.5 -0.1 1.8 3.3 3.4 0.9
Malta 3.1 5.5 4.4 4.2 4.8 4.0 0.1 3.8 5.7 5.6 0.2 4.0 10.1 14.4 21.5 22.1 19.2 31.3 35.3 40.4 2.3
Germany 2.0 3.3 2.7 1.7 1.0 1.0 0.3 0.5 -0.7 -0.1 1.6 3.7 4.9 5.6 7.2 14.3 5.6 5.1 4.8 3.7 2.4
Italy 0.9 0.7 2.8 7.1 6.3 3.5 2.7 7.5 6.1 3.6 3.4 1.3 6.2 19.7 1.8 0.5 1.1 1.4 1.1 0.7 -0.7
Portugal 6.5 5.4 4.0 2.4 1.4 1.5 1.6 2.1 0.9 1.5 0.4 -2.3 -3.6 -3.5 -2.9 -1.0 -0.8 0.5 1.1 4.3 4.0
Romania -0.2 -25.2 -6.8 -2.4 -4.5 -4.0 -4.1 -21.9 -8.0 -5.4 -2.4 -2.4 -1.1 -0.7 -1.0 -2.5 -3.2 -3.0
-3.0a
-1.3 -1.2
Spain 3.9 7.9 17.9 15.7 15.5 14.5 14.9 17.2 9.5 3.0 1.6 1.4 -3.0 -5.4 -2.0 -0.2 1.9 3.5 7.1 9.6 4.5
Sweden 2.7 3.2 3.5 3.2 2.8 3.0 5.6 5.9 6.0 6.7 5.3 4.8 5.4 6.9 7.9 8.1 11.9 10.1 8.5 7.0 3.5
Slovakia -4.1 0.2 -0.6 -0.5 -0.2 -0.1 -0.1 0.4 0.4 -0.1 -0.9 0.5 0.6 0.4 0.3 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.8
Slovenia 1.4 2.5 1.1 1.8 0.9 3.2 3.1 7.1 9.2 5.6 -0.3 1.0 0.3 0.2 -0.2 0.2 0.5 0.6 7.2 7.8 8.7
EU27_2020 1.6 0.7 3.2 3.6 3.2 2.8 2.6 2.8 2.2 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.7 3.4 1.8 3.2 2.0 2.3
2.8a
3.0 1.8
United Kingdom 2.4 2.9 3.4 3.5 4.3 4.9 4.5 4.9 4.1 3.8 4.2 3.4 2.6 3.8 4.6 5.4 4.4 4.2 3.9 4.0 ..
Iceland 6.5 3.0 -1.2 -0.7 2.0 13.0 17.3 16.6 3.3 -15.0 -6.5 -4.3 -0.9 5.1 3.4 4.5 12.2 24.1 18.6 13.8 6.7
North Macedonia -1.2 -1.3 -12.2 -1.4 -0.1 -0.4 -0.3 0.1 -0.3 -0.3 -0.3 -0.4 -0.5 -0.2 -0.2 -0.2 -0.1 0.1 0.1
-0.1a
-0.3
Montenegro -1.5 -1.5 -1.5 -1.5 -1.5 -3.0 -0.1 -1.5 -1.5 -1.5 -1.5 -1.5 -1.5 -1.5 -1.5 -1.5 -1.5 -1.5 -1.5 -1.5 -1.5
Norway 2.2 1.8 3.8 2.5 2.9 4.0 5.1 8.4 9.1 8.0 8.6 9.4 9.4 7.7 7.8 5.0 5.6 4.1 3.4 4.8 2.1
Russia 2.5 2.0 3.1 -0.8 0.7 0.9 1.1 1.8 1.8 1.8 8.3 2.3 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Switzerland 3.3 5.6 6.5 5.7 5.1 4.3 4.9 9.4 12.1 8.8 7.7 8.3 8.3 10.2 9.4 8.5 8.3 5.2 4.7 5.0 5.9
Serbia 0.9 2.4 1.8 0.6 1.6 0.5 0.5 0.3 0.4 0.7 0.6 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Turkey -46.8 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 -0.6 0.4 2.4 3.9 1.8 0.3 1.7 1.0 1.6 2.3 1.6 4.6 4.9 ..
Israelb 8.7 .. .. .. .. 3.3 .. .. .. .. 7.9 .. .. .. .. 0.5 .. .. .. .. 1.2
Japanb -0.2 .. .. .. .. 0.3 .. .. .. .. 0.4 .. .. .. .. 0.6 .. .. .. .. 0.6
United Statesb 6.5 .. .. .. .. 3.7 .. .. .. .. 3.6 .. .. .. .. 3.2 .. .. .. .. 6.4
Canadab 5.2 .. .. .. .. 6.7 .. .. .. .. 8.0 .. .. .. .. 7.1 .. .. .. .. 3.2
Australiab 4.2 .. .. .. .. 6.0 .. .. .. .. 11.4 .. .. .. .. 8.6 .. .. .. .. 6.6
New Zealandb 2.3 .. .. .. .. 6.7 .. .. .. .. 2.9 .. .. .. .. 4.0 .. .. .. .. 2.9

Footnotes

*
Source: Eurostat (Luxembourg); World Population Prospects 2019 (UN, New York). Download date: October 4, 2021.
a
Estimated figure.
b
Five-yearly estimation of the UN.
.