Indicators 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
reference year
By age group and sex
Total 13.5 15.9 12.3 12.4 12.4 12.3 14.1 14.3 15.0 15.0 14.9 14.5 13.4 12.8 12.3 12.3
Male 13.9 16.3 12.3 12.4 12.8 12.6 14.5 14.8 15.5 15.5 15.6 14.4 13.1 11.9 11.7 12.4
Female 13.2 15.5 12.3 12.4 12.1 12.0 13.7 14.0 14.5 14.5 14.4 14.5 13.7 13.6 12.8 12.1
0–17 19.9 24.8 18.8 19.7 20.6 20.3 23.7 22.9 23.8 25.0 22.7 19.9 14.8 13.8 11.5 9.5
18–64 13.2 14.5 11.6 12.0 11.9 11.9 13.8 14.0 15.2 14.9 15.5 15.0 14.2 13.4 12.9 12.2
Male 13.5 14.8 11.5 11.7 11.9 11.8 13.7 14.3 15.3 15.2 15.9 14.7 14.0 12.6 12.8 12.3
Female 12.9 14.2 11.7 12.2 11.9 12.1 13.8 13.7 15.0 14.7 15.1 15.3 14.4 14.1 13.0 12.1
65+ 6.5 9.4 6.1 4.3 4.6 4.1 4.9 6.3 4.6 4.5 4.6 6.8 9.1 9.8 11.1 15.0
Male 4.2 6.9 3.2 2.7 3.1 2.8 4.1 5.4 3.3 3.8 4.1 5.9 7.9 7.4 7.8 15.3
Female 7.9 10.8 7.7 5.2 5.4 4.8 5.4 6.8 5.4 4.9 4.8 7.3 9.7 11.3 13.1 14.7
By educational attainment
Basic level at most 23.1 31.2 24.4 25.7 26.2 27.4 32.5 37.2 39.2 38.8 37.7 33.0 23.9 29.7 24.6 27.5
secondary level 11.4 11.8 10.0 10.2 9.9 9.7 11.1 10.6 12.0 12.5 13.4 12.7 12.5 10.4 10.9 10.8
higher level 3.4 3.2 2.6 2.5 2.4 2.1 3.4 3.3 2.7 2.3 5.1 6.6 9.0 5.0 6.9 3.9
By the most frequent activity and sex
Employed 8.9 6.9 5.8 5.8 6.2 5.4 6.2 5.7 7.0 6.7 9.3 9.7 10.2 8.5 8.5 7.8
Male 10.8 8.1 6.6 6.8 7.0 6.0 6.9 6.6 7.7 7.4 9.8 9.5 9.9 8.0 8.2 8.3
Female 6.6 5.4 5.0 4.5 5.3 4.6 5.4 4.7 6.2 5.9 8.7 9.9 10.6 9.0 8.8 7.3
Unemployed 49.7 53.2 46.8 49.2 47.4 44.9 47.1 49.8 53.3 54.2 54.4 48.2 50.8 53.2 56.4 44.6
Male 54.2 55.0 52.2 49.4 49.1 45.9 49.4 51.6 56.5 55.2 57.3 49.6 52.2 53.6 64.1 49.5
Female 45.6 51.0 40.9 48.9 45.5 43.5 44.3 47.7 49.6 53.0 50.5 46.1 48.9 52.7 49.0 40.0
Pensioner 14.3 14.9 10.7 9.8 3.5 4.5 4.5 5.2 8.3 5.9 6.8 9.2 11.1 11.0 10.1 11.1
Male 14.7 17.2 12.5 11.2 2.7 3.8 4.4 4.6 7.8 6.6 6.7 7.0 9.2 7.9 7.9 10.2
Female 14.0 13.3 9.4 8.6 4.0 4.9 4.7 5.5 8.6 5.4 6.8 10.2 12.0 12.3 11.1 11.4
Other inactive 19.1 24.6 21.5 23.3 19.4 19.9 22.9 23.0 23.3 23.5 25.1 23.1 18.8 19.3 20.3 19.5
Male 15.5 22.5 18.5 21.1 18.3 18.1 21.4 23.3 22.7 22.1 24.9 23.2 20.1 18.4 22.6 19.2
Female 20.9 25.8 23.1 24.4 20.2 21.1 23.8 22.8 23.6 24.4 25.3 23.0 18.0 19.8 18.6 19.7
By household type
Households without dependent children 9.7 10.0 7.6 7.7 6.8 7.0 8.9 9.6 10.1 9.2 10.8 11.3 12.5 11.9 12.7 14.8
Of which:
Single person 18.6 17.6 15.7 14.9 13.9 13.2 15.9 16.2 14.5 12.9 15.4 17.4 17.3 20.0 22.6 19.8
Male 24.1 24.7 20.2 22.6 19.5 19.3 22.5 23.8 20.4 19.3 21.6 20.9 18.5 20.4 22.2 25.3
Female 15.6 14.5 13.8 11.4 11.3 10.3 12.3 12.1 11.2 9.1 11.5 15.0 16.5 19.7 22.8 16.3
younger than 65 25.7 22.0 20.6 22.0 19.2 18.3 22.2 22.0 21.9 18.6 23.7 24.5 23.8 25.3 27.1 25.3
65 yoer old or older 10.6 13.5 11.1 8.2 8.7 7.7 8.6 9.6 6.2 6.3 5.5 9.0 10.0 14.2 17.3 14.0
Two adults without dependent children (<65) 9.5 10.3 8.4 8.9 8.1 8.9 10.8 10.1 12.0 11.9 12.7 13.3 14.8 12.6 10.5 13.2
Households with dependent children 16.8 20.5 16.0 16.1 17.0 16.6 18.8 18.8 19.7 20.7 18.9 17.6 14.1 12.6 11.3 9.4
Of which:
Single person with dependent children 27.1 38.8 28.6 33.2 25.7 28.1 28.1 28.2 33.2 32.4 37.5 37.5 31.2 31.5 21.6 26.6
Two adults with one dependent child 15.0 13.8 11.8 10.5 10.2 10.5 12.0 12.3 12.8 13.9 13.3 13.1 16.2 11.3 10.8 10.3
Two adults with two dependent children 15.4 18.2 14.3 15.7 15.5 14.6 13.9 13.3 12.3 14.1 14.3 13.7 12.2 10.0 8.2 5.2
Two adults with three or more dependent children 26.0 33.6 27.8 28.7 31.1 27.8 35.4 34.4 35.6 33.0 27.6 25.2 14.2 11.6 11.4 11.5
In Roma and non-Roma population
Roma .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 67.9 63.6 54.7 48.4 40.9 38.4 34.7
Non-Roma .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 13.1 13.7 13.2 12.8 12.1 11.4 11.8
By tenure status
Owner 13.1 15.2 11.5 11.6 11.7 11.9 13.4 13.6 14.3 14.2 14.0 13.8 12.9 12.1 12.2 11.4
Tenant 19.1 24.9 22.1 25.1 25.1 18.1 24.2 24.4 24.1 25.0 23.4 21.1 18.1 20.0 13.7 22.7
Without social benefits by sex and age group
Total 29.4 29.6 29.3 30.4 28.9 28.4 29.0 27.3 27.0 26.6 25.7 25.8 25.0 25.0 20.0 22.0
Male 30.1 30.2 29.9 31.1 29.4 28.9 29.8 28.0 27.9 27.5 26.5 26.0 24.7 24.2 19.4 22.1
Female 28.8 29.0 28.8 29.7 28.4 28.0 28.3 26.7 26.1 25.7 24.9 25.6 25.3 25.7 20.6 21.8
0–17 44.2 44.0 44.5 46.6 46.3 47.4 48.7 43.8 43.8 45.6 43.7 43.6 41.2 40.7 30.9 29.8
18–64 29.1 28.5 28.5 30.2 28.3 27.7 28.7 27.2 27.2 26.4 25.7 25.4 24.5 24.3 19.3 21.3
Male 29.6 29.0 28.7 30.1 28.3 27.5 28.5 27.3 27.5 26.2 25.5 24.8 23.6 23.2 18.7 21.2
Female 28.7 28.1 28.3 30.2 28.4 27.9 28.8 27.1 27.0 26.6 25.9 26.0 25.3 25.3 19.8 21.3
65 yoer old or older 11.5 13.7 10.9 9.5 9.3 8.6 8.8 9.7 7.6 6.9 6.7 9.1 11.0 12.8 12.2 17.2
Male 7.1 9.7 7.0 7.1 6.6 6.0 6.7 7.7 4.8 5.4 5.7 7.2 9.5 10.2 9.2 16.9
Female 14.1 15.9 13.3 10.9 10.9 10.1 10.0 10.9 9.3 7.8 7.3 10.3 11.9 14.5 14.1 17.4
.