Indicators 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
reference year
By sex
Total 9.5 13.1 11.3 12.0 11.3 11.9 12.8 13.5 13.6 12.8 9.4 8.2 6.6 5.7 5.0 5.0
Male 8.4 12.5 10.8 11.1 10.6 11.3 12.5 13.2 13.7 12.3 8.7 8.1 6.3 5.9 5.0 4.8
Female 10.6 13.7 11.8 12.9 12.0 12.5 13.2 13.7 13.6 13.3 10.2 8.3 6.8 5.4 5.0 5.2
By age group
0–17 9.6 14.0 10.0 11.1 11.9 13.9 14.8 16.4 15.1 15.2 11.2 9.2 7.5 4.8 4.6 5.3
18–59 9.5 12.8 11.8 12.3 11.1 11.3 12.3 12.6 13.2 12.1 8.9 7.9 6.3 6.0 5.1 5.0
By educational attainment
Basic level at most 18.9 30.0 25.8 26.8 23.6 23.8 27.9 31.6 33.3 30.1 21.2 19.4 15.1 12.6 13.0 11.8
secondary level 7.4 9.4 9.8 10.2 9.4 9.3 10.0 9.6 10.2 10.0 8.0 6.7 5.2 5.2 4.2 4.3
higher level 3.3 4.7 3.6 3.8 3.4 4.5 4.6 5.1 4.3 3.9 3.2 2.4 2.0 2.3 1.8 1.6
By the most frequent activity and sex
Employed 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Male 0.1 0.1 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.0 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0
Female 0.1 0.3 0.1 0.0 0.2 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.1
Unemployed 31.1 48.0 45.4 44.3 44.4 38.4 42.3 46.0 48.7 46.7 41.2 38.5 42.6 47.3 44.7 37.6
Male 40.0 55.8 51.5 48.2 46.8 42.6 46.1 51.8 57.0 50.7 45.7 42.1 45.2 52.8 46.4 41.9
Female 23.5 38.6 38.9 40.0 41.6 32.9 37.5 39.5 39.1 41.7 35.3 33.4 38.6 40.7 43.0 33.6
Pensioner 49.9 51.5 51.3 51.4 51.3 48.3 55.3 50.1 59.2 58.3 54.2 50.1 44.8 40.1 47.5 50.2
Male 46.4 48.5 48.9 48.8 35.4 36.6 44.8 44.6 52.3 50.9 35.7 36.4 36.5 30.6 37.8 33.2
Female 52.7 53.8 53.3 53.6 61.4 56.4 64.7 55.0 64.3 62.2 63.1 56.4 49.6 48.2 54.1 67.5
Other inactive 13.1 17.9 16.3 17.7 26.8 25.6 27.8 28.8 27.7 26.3 23.1 22.5 18.4 18.9 17.6 16.2
Male 10.1 18.5 18.0 17.1 31.3 27.9 31.3 32.7 31.4 27.8 27.2 28.5 22.6 24.0 23.2 19.4
Female 14.2 17.7 15.5 18.0 24.1 24.3 25.7 26.5 25.6 25.5 20.7 19.0 16.0 15.4 13.7 14.4
By household type
Households without dependent children 13.3 16.6 16.0 17.2 14.3 14.6 15.3 14.5 16.4 14.6 11.6 10.5 8.6 8.3 7.3 6.2
Of which:
Single person 24.6 30.9 32.1 34.7 25.4 26.6 26.6 26.1 27.8 25.8 22.4 17.2 13.5 14.9 15.1 10.0
Two adults without dependent children (<65) 12.6 15.2 15.9 16.7 14.6 15.1 14.4 12.8 15.8 13.6 9.0 8.6 6.3 6.4 4.0 4.7
Households with dependent children 7.5 11.5 9.1 9.5 9.9 10.6 11.6 13.0 12.1 11.8 8.1 6.8 5.5 4.0 3.6 4.3
Of which:
Single person with dependent children 24.1 32.8 23.2 25.5 25.8 25.6 27.0 28.4 28.4 25.0 28.3 17.3 17.8 12.1 8.3 12.3
Two adults with one dependent child 4.9 8.0 7.0 6.0 7.1 6.2 8.2 9.2 7.6 7.2 3.5 4.4 3.1 4.3 3.4 3.7
Two adults with two dependent children 3.5 6.8 4.3 6.4 4.9 6.8 6.1 5.4 5.3 3.7 3.2 3.5 2.3 1.6 0.4 2.2
Two adults with three or more dependent children 11.7 17.3 13.5 14.3 16.2 16.6 18.9 20.8 17.6 19.3 10.3 8.8 7.9 4.2 5.9 4.8
In Roma and non-Roma population
Roma .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 45.3 26.7 35.9 25.2 15.1 13.8 16.6
Non-Roma .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 8.4 6.6 5.2 4.5 3.9 3.3 4.7
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