Indicators 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
reference year
By age group and sex
Total 32.1 31.4 29.4 28.2 29.6 29.9 31.5 33.5 34.8 31.8 28.2 26.3 25.6 19.6 18.9 17.8
Male 31.3 31.1 28.6 27.3 29.1 29.4 31.1 32.9 34.4 31.4 28.0 26.0 24.9 18.9 18.0 17.7
Female 32.8 31.8 30.1 29.0 30.0 30.3 32.0 34.0 35.2 32.3 28.4 26.5 26.1 20.3 19.6 17.8
0–17 38.4 37.7 34.1 33.4 37.2 38.7 40.4 41.9 43.9 41.8 36.1 33.6 31.6 23.8 22.4 17.7
18–64 32.1 31.1 29.8 29.1 30.2 30.5 32.2 34.0 36.0 32.4 28.9 27.2 26.3 20.4 19.1 17.5
Male 31.1 30.7 28.6 27.8 29.4 29.5 31.5 33.3 35.2 31.5 28.6 26.7 25.8 19.8 18.7 17.2
Female 33.0 31.5 30.9 30.3 30.9 31.3 32.9 34.6 36.8 33.2 29.2 27.7 26.9 20.9 19.5 17.7
65+ 23.9 23.9 21.1 17.5 17.5 16.8 19.0 22.0 20.2 19.0 17.1 15.1 16.8 13.3 14.4 18.8
Male 18.0 18.7 16.7 13.8 13.9 12.1 13.8 16.7 14.7 15.5 13.1 11.8 13.9 9.6 10.5 18.3
Female 27.3 26.8 23.7 19.5 19.6 19.5 22.0 25.0 23.4 21.0 19.5 17.0 18.6 15.6 16.8 19.1
By educational attainment
Basic level at most 42.1 46.7 43.1 41.2 41.5 43.1 46.3 51.7 52.8 51.2 47.7 44.2 41.9 37.1 35.3 38.1
secondary level 28.3 26.6 26.6 25.4 26.9 26.4 28.0 29.3 31.0 28.4 25.0 22.8 21.4 15.6 15.6 15.5
higher level 9.2 10.7 8.9 9.4 9.4 10.1 11.3 13.1 14.0 9.7 10.5 9.9 12.0 6.5 7.6 5.6
By income quintiles
1 decile 81.9 87.0 78.9 78.5 77.9 80.1 85.4 87.0 89.3 87.9 87.0 83.3 79.5 77.2 73.4 67.6
2. decile 36.9 33.0 31.0 27.5 30.6 31.5 33.1 37.3 39.5 34.6 27.5 26.9 26.6 13.2 13.4 13.4
3. decile 21.0 20.9 19.8 18.6 19.6 19.8 21.0 22.8 25.2 21.8 16.1 11.9 13.4 4.5 6.1 5.0
4. decile 13.8 10.8 12.5 11.5 13.7 12.3 12.8 14.5 13.7 10.7 8.4 7.2 6.3 2.2 2.1 1.7
5. decile 6.7 5.5 4.9 5.0 6.0 5.7 5.3 5.7 6.6 4.3 2.0 2.0 2.2 0.7 0.2 0.8
By the most frequent activity and sex
Employed 23.0 18.8 18.0 16.8 19.2 18.7 19.5 20.9 23.6 20.3 18.7 18.4 19.0 12.9 12.4 11.0
Male 24.7 20.1 18.8 17.6 19.8 19.0 19.4 21.0 23.2 20.2 18.8 18.3 18.7 12.8 12.3 11.3
Female 21.0 17.3 17.1 15.8 18.5 18.3 19.6 20.8 24.1 20.3 18.6 18.6 19.3 13.0 12.4 10.5
Unemployed 64.5 71.5 70.1 70.3 72.7 70.8 71.3 78.3 77.8 77.4 77.5 70.4 73.1 70.0 69.4 62.3
Male 69.2 75.5 73.8 72.2 76.3 74.5 75.0 79.4 82.3 78.3 81.9 71.6 78.1 74.3 76.0 67.5
Female 60.5 66.6 66.0 68.1 68.5 66.1 66.8 77.0 72.6 76.2 71.7 68.7 65.8 64.8 62.9 57.3
Pensioner 35.6 33.9 32.7 29.8 20.4 20.5 21.3 23.8 24.8 22.5 20.3 18.0 19.0 14.9 15.5 19.1
Male 32.3 31.8 30.8 28.5 16.1 15.8 17.1 19.3 20.3 19.1 16.9 14.3 16.2 11.2 12.2 18.7
Female 37.8 35.3 33.9 30.6 23.0 23.3 23.9 26.6 27.7 24.5 22.2 20.2 20.7 17.0 17.4 19.4
Other inactive 38.3 41.3 40.3 40.3 44.8 44.5 47.4 48.1 50.0 45.1 42.9 41.7 38.2 32.8 35.0 32.2
Male 30.8 40.3 38.0 39.3 46.1 44.4 47.4 50.1 51.6 44.9 43.2 44.2 38.8 33.5 37.1 33.8
Female 41.1 41.8 41.3 40.8 44.0 44.5 47.3 46.9 49.0 45.3 42.7 40.3 37.9 32.3 33.6 31.3
By household type
Households without dependent children 29.5 28.7 26.7 25.9 24.8 24.9 27.4 29.5 30.5 27.3 25.2 23.0 23.1 17.6 17.3 19.1
Of which:
Single person 39.0 39.3 37.6 36.7 33.6 33.6 38.9 40.2 38.0 34.7 32.0 30.0 29.1 26.6 27.5 25.7
Male 39.8 44.9 40.8 43.2 36.5 36.9 43.2 43.8 42.6 39.1 36.2 34.3 29.6 28.1 27.7 30.5
Female 38.6 36.9 36.2 33.7 32.3 32.1 36.6 38.3 35.3 32.0 29.3 26.9 28.7 25.6 27.4 22.6
younger than 65 46.9 48.8 47.7 47.8 42.3 42.9 48.1 48.9 48.9 44.3 41.9 39.6 37.6 34.1 33.3 31
65 yoer old or older 30.1 30.4 28.2 26.1 24.9 23.6 28.3 30.3 25.6 23.4 20.0 18.5 19.4 18.5 20.9 20.1
Two adults without dependent children (<65) 30.5 30.3 28.1 28.7 28.4 29.1 30.1 30.9 33.6 30.1 26.6 24.8 25.2 17.4 16.7 18.6
Households with dependent children 34.3 33.5 31.5 30.1 33.4 33.9 35.3 37.1 39.1 36.3 31.1 29.6 27.9 20.6 20.0 16.0
Of which:
Single person with dependent children 53.9 59.2 51.7 54.7 54.1 55.1 57.4 57.7 61.3 63.2 56.0 62.3 52.8 40.0 31.5 38.7
Two adults with one dependent child 28.1 26.6 26.5 23.2 26.6 26.8 28.2 31.2 32.2 27.8 24.1 22.6 25.0 16.4 16.5 13.6
Two adults with two dependent children 28.4 26.8 24.9 25.3 27.4 27.7 27.1 26.8 27.6 24.3 20.1 20.3 19.6 12.6 11.4 10.8
Two adults with three or more dependent children 46.1 47.9 45.6 44.0 47.4 45.9 50.0 52.3 53.8 49.1 42.0 38.4 36.1 25.5 28.6 20.3
In Roma and non-Roma population
Roma .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 89.9 83.7 82.8 75.6 67.8 63.2 52.9
Non-Roma .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 29.8 26.8 24.5 24.7 18.5 17.3 17.0
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