Functions 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Percentage of gross domestic product (GDP), %
Sickness/Health care 5.5 5.4 5.2 5.5 6.1 5.9 6.3 6.2 5.6 5.5 5.6 5.6 5.4 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.9 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.6 5.7
Disability 1.9 1.8 1.9 2.0 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.0 1.8 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.1 1.0 0.9 0.9
Old-age 7.0 6.9 6.9 7.4 7.3 7.3 7.6 7.8 8.2 8.6 8.8 8.8 9.0 9.6 9.5 9.0 8.4 8.3 8.0 7.6 7.2 7.5
Survivors 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.3 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.0 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.8
Family/children 2.6 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.6 2.4 2.4 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.6 2.5 2.3 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.0 1.9 2.0
Unemployment 0.9 0.8 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.5
Housing 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.9 0.7 0.7 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.5
Social exclusion n.e.c. 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Total 19.9 19.2 18.7 19.7 20.5 20.0 20.9 21.4 21.6 21.9 22.3 21.8 21.2 21.0 20.5 19.5 18.7 18.5 17.9 17.3 16.4 18.1
Purchasing Power Standard per inhabitant
Sickness/Health care 570.2 609.5 633.7 732.2 836.5 854.9 961.2 1,003.9 914.7 932.3 902.0 973.3 979.5 908.7 927.8 968.3 1,058.1 1,064.4 1,073.0 1,135.5 1,154.9 1,298.5
Disability 200.1 208.8 234.0 263.9 287.2 295.8 315.7 339.0 342.2 345.4 329.1 313.5 301.4 288.5 281.2 287.9 289.6 260.7 246.2 240.7 235.2 213.9
Old-age 730.8 776.8 837.8 978.0 1,004.2 1,053.5 1,164.9 1,252.4 1,341.5 1,450.5 1,419.5 1,529.2 1,629.5 1,764.9 1,803.2 1,809.3 1,812.3 1,758.3 1,733.7 1,783.3 1,801.5 1,717.4
Survivors 119.0 123.4 130.7 147.1 150.7 167.4 190.0 204.4 215.7 220.6 211.9 219.6 226.2 233.0 236.1 231.2 230.0 216.3 206.5 203.6 200.0 186.7
Family/children 269.9 282.8 291.3 321.1 358.1 342.6 368.7 434.2 443.3 457.8 463.2 492.9 489.2 474.5 469.2 467.7 455.7 436.2 441.9 460.2 461.2 460.6
Unemployment 95.1 87.7 77.8 78.0 79.6 84.5 92.0 105.6 122.2 135.9 150.1 151.5 142.2 101.3 91.1 74.1 76.7 66.4 65.6 66.0 77.6 122.8
Housing 62.9 62.6 56.9 60.2 63.7 57.8 77.0 83.9 146.7 117.3 108.3 89.1 70.8 59.9 59.5 57.6 62.8 75.1 93.8 116.0 95.6 104.8
Social exclusion n.e.c. 18.2 20.2 22.0 25.3 17.6 19.1 21.1 22.3 22.6 23.4 21.1 22.1 18.5 17.9 21.4 23.8 32.6 34.5 43.6 56.2 50.6 48.4
Total 2,066.2 2,171.9 2,284.3 2,605.7 2,797.7 2,875.6 3,190.5 3,445.7 3,548.9 3,683.1 3,605.0 3,791.2 3,857.4 3,848.8 3,889.4 3,919.8 4,017.7 3,911.9 3,904.1 4,061.5 4,076.4 4,152.9
Percentage of total benefits, %
Sickness/Health care 27.6 28.1 27.7 28.1 29.9 29.7 30.1 29.1 25.8 25.3 25.0 25.7 25.4 23.6 23.9 24.7 26.3 27.2 27.5 28.0 28.3 31.3
Disability 9.7 9.6 10.2 10.1 10.3 10.3 9.9 9.8 9.6 9.4 9.1 8.3 7.8 7.5 7.2 7.3 7.2 6.7 6.3 5.9 5.8 5.2
Old-age 35.4 35.8 36.7 37.5 35.9 36.6 36.5 36.4 37.8 39.4 39.4 40.3 42.2 45.9 46.4 46.2 45.1 45.0 44.4 43.9 44.2 41.4
Survivors 5.8 5.7 5.7 5.6 5.4 5.8 6.0 5.9 6.1 6.0 5.9 5.8 5.9 6.1 6.1 5.9 5.7 5.5 5.3 5.0 4.9 4.5
Family/children 13.1 13.0 12.8 12.3 12.8 11.9 11.6 12.6 12.5 12.4 12.9 13.0 12.7 12.3 12.1 11.9 11.3 11.2 11.3 11.3 11.3 11.1
Unemployment 4.6 4.0 3.4 3.0 2.8 2.9 2.9 3.1 3.4 3.7 4.2 4.0 3.7 2.6 2.3 1.9 1.9 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.9 3.0
Housing 3.1 2.9 2.5 2.3 2.3 2.0 2.4 2.4 4.1 3.2 3.0 2.4 1.8 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.9 2.4 2.9 2.3 2.5
Social exclusion n.e.c. 0.9 0.9 1.0 1.0 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.8 0.9 1.1 1.4 1.2 1.2
Total 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

Footnotes

*
Due to the revision ESSPROS time series, social protection benefit data measured as % of GDP were revised for 2015–2019.
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