Period, quarters Household final consumption expenditure Social transfers in kind from government Social transfers in kind from NPISHs Actual final consumption of households Actual final consumption of government Actual final consumption, total Gross fixed capital formation Changes in inventories Acquisitions less disposals of valuables Gross capital formation, total Domestic use, total Export Import Balance Gross domestic product, total
goods services total goods services total goods services total
1996 Q1 -1.2 -0.7 0.0 -2.0 -1.0 -3.0 -0.2 -1.6 0.0 -1.8 -4.8 5.8 2.0 7.9 3.3 0.2 3.5 2.6 1.9 4.4 -0.3
Q2 -2.5 0.0 0.0 -2.4 -0.4 -2.8 -0.6 -1.2 0.0 -1.8 -4.6 3.2 2.7 5.9 1.1 0.5 1.7 2.1 2.2 4.2 -0.4
Q3 0.1 -0.4 0.0 -0.3 0.3 0.0 1.4 -0.5 0.0 0.9 1.0 -1.5 3.6 2.1 2.5 0.9 3.4 -4.1 2.8 -1.3 -0.4
Q4 -1.7 0.3 0.0 -1.4 -0.8 -2.1 3.1 3.9 0.0 7.0 4.8 0.3 -1.3 -1.0 1.8 0.8 2.6 -1.5 -2.1 -3.5 1.3
1997 Q1 2.0 -0.2 0.0 1.9 0.3 2.2 1.7 -0.7 0.0 1.0 3.2 5.6 1.1 6.7 7.2 1.8 9.0 -1.5 -0.7 -2.3 0.9
Q2 0.9 -0.6 0.0 0.2 0.4 0.6 1.8 2.1 0.0 4.0 4.6 7.5 1.1 8.6 8.5 1.4 9.8 -1.0 -0.2 -1.2 3.4
Q3 0.3 -0.3 0.0 0.0 -0.3 -0.4 3.2 1.0 0.0 4.2 3.8 9.9 0.5 10.5 9.0 1.1 10.1 0.9 -0.6 0.4 4.3
Q4 1.2 -0.5 0.0 0.7 0.3 1.0 1.3 0.4 0.0 1.7 2.7 12.1 -0.1 11.9 11.3 -0.5 10.8 0.8 0.4 1.2 3.9
1998 Q1 0.9 -0.7 0.2 0.5 -0.2 0.3 1.5 2.0 0.0 3.5 3.8 10.9 0.1 11.0 11.1 0.2 11.4 -0.2 -0.1 -0.3 3.4
Q2 2.2 -0.3 0.3 2.2 -0.4 1.8 2.8 2.3 0.0 5.1 7.0 8.5 -0.1 8.4 11.5 0.0 11.5 -3.0 -0.1 -3.0 3.9
Q3 2.7 -0.2 0.3 2.9 -0.2 2.6 3.7 3.0 0.0 6.7 9.3 6.4 -0.3 6.1 10.2 0.8 11.0 -3.8 -1.1 -4.9 4.4
Q4 2.9 -0.4 0.3 2.8 0.1 2.9 2.4 2.6 0.0 5.0 7.9 4.8 -0.1 4.6 8.2 0.6 8.8 -3.4 -0.7 -4.2 3.7
1999 Q1 2.5 0.5 0.1 3.0 0.1 3.1 1.3 -0.5 0.0 0.8 3.9 5.1 -0.6 4.5 5.3 1.0 6.3 -0.2 -1.7 -1.8 2.1
Q2 3.4 0.1 0.1 3.6 0.3 3.9 2.1 -1.5 0.0 0.6 4.4 4.6 -0.5 4.0 5.4 0.9 6.3 -0.8 -1.5 -2.3 2.2
Q3 4.0 0.1 0.0 4.1 0.3 4.4 1.3 -2.1 0.0 -0.9 3.6 6.1 -0.2 6.0 5.9 0.6 6.5 0.2 -0.7 -0.5 3.1
Q4 3.6 -0.2 0.0 3.4 0.2 3.7 3.0 -2.4 0.0 0.6 4.3 9.2 0.9 10.1 8.9 0.7 9.6 0.3 0.2 0.5 4.7
2000 Q1 1.6 -0.8 0.1 1.0 0.0 1.0 1.1 3.1 0.0 4.2 5.2 11.8 1.4 13.2 12.5 0.4 12.9 -0.7 1.0 0.2 5.4
Q2 1.5 -0.2 0.1 1.4 -0.1 1.3 1.2 -1.3 0.0 0.0 1.3 12.6 1.5 14.1 10.1 0.4 10.5 2.5 1.0 3.6 4.8
Q3 1.7 -0.3 0.1 1.6 -0.6 0.9 0.6 2.1 0.0 2.8 3.7 11.6 1.7 13.3 12.3 0.8 13.1 -0.7 0.9 0.2 3.9
Q4 1.4 2.9 0.1 4.5 2.1 6.6 3.0 -3.4 0.0 -0.4 6.2 13.0 1.9 14.9 14.9 2.2 17.2 -1.9 -0.3 -2.3 3.9
2001 Q1 1.4 0.4 0.0 1.9 -0.2 1.7 0.7 1.7 0.0 2.4 4.1 9.1 2.7 11.8 9.1 2.2 11.4 -0.1 0.5 0.4 4.5
Q2 2.6 0.8 0.1 3.4 0.3 3.7 0.5 0.8 0.0 1.3 5.0 7.1 1.4 8.5 7.4 1.5 9.0 -0.4 -0.1 -0.5 4.5
Q3 3.0 0.8 0.1 3.9 0.5 4.3 0.7 -5.6 0.0 -4.9 -0.6 3.0 2.2 5.2 -1.3 1.7 0.4 4.2 0.5 4.7 4.1
Q4 2.5 0.2 0.1 2.8 0.6 3.4 0.9 -3.2 0.0 -2.3 1.1 -1.2 0.5 -0.7 -4.0 1.1 -2.9 2.8 -0.6 2.2 3.3
2002 Q1 4.1 0.6 0.1 4.9 0.4 5.3 1.7 -1.9 0.0 -0.2 5.1 5.4 -1.0 4.4 3.2 1.8 5.0 2.1 -2.7 -0.6 4.5
Q2 3.1 0.8 0.1 4.0 0.4 4.3 1.4 -1.6 0.0 -0.2 4.1 6.0 -0.7 5.3 2.6 2.1 4.8 3.4 -2.8 0.5 4.6
Q3 5.0 0.7 0.1 5.8 0.3 6.1 1.7 -0.5 0.0 1.3 7.4 5.5 -2.1 3.5 5.1 0.9 6.0 0.3 -3.0 -2.6 4.8
Q4 4.2 0.9 0.1 5.3 0.5 5.8 2.7 1.4 0.0 4.1 9.9 3.2 -1.1 2.0 5.0 2.0 7.0 -1.8 -3.1 -5.0 5.0
2003 Q1 5.4 1.3 0.1 6.9 1.8 8.7 -0.7 -2.7 0.0 -3.4 5.3 2.4 -1.6 0.7 2.2 0.3 2.6 0.1 -1.9 -1.8 3.4
Q2 4.8 0.4 0.1 5.3 0.8 6.2 0.1 2.4 0.0 2.5 8.7 1.4 -1.1 0.3 5.3 -0.5 4.8 -3.9 -0.7 -4.5 4.1
Q3 4.8 0.4 0.1 5.3 0.7 6.0 0.4 2.1 0.0 2.4 8.4 5.7 -1.4 4.3 7.1 1.2 8.3 -1.4 -2.7 -4.0 4.4
Q4 3.1 -0.4 0.1 2.8 -0.3 2.6 1.2 -1.5 0.0 -0.2 2.3 9.1 -0.5 8.6 6.4 0.2 6.6 2.7 -0.7 2.0 4.3
2004 Q1 -1.0 0.5 0.2 -0.3 -0.1 -0.3 2.8 0.5 0.0 3.3 2.9 9.3 1.4 10.7 8.9 0.1 9.0 0.3 1.3 1.7 4.6
Q2 2.1 0.6 0.2 2.9 0.1 3.1 2.1 2.5 0.0 4.6 7.7 12.7 -0.5 12.2 14.1 0.5 14.5 -1.4 -0.9 -2.3 5.4
Q3 2.2 0.6 0.1 2.9 0.1 3.0 2.9 1.1 0.0 3.9 7.0 10.0 -0.8 9.3 10.6 0.5 11.1 -0.6 -1.3 -1.8 5.1
Q4 0.6 -0.3 0.0 0.3 -0.8 -0.5 0.0 5.7 0.0 5.7 5.3 9.9 -1.6 8.3 9.4 -0.7 8.7 0.5 -0.9 -0.4 4.9
2005 Q1 2.1 0.7 0.1 2.8 -0.1 2.8 0.6 -0.5 0.0 0.1 2.9 8.1 -1.2 6.8 5.8 0.7 6.4 2.3 -1.9 0.4 3.3
Q2 1.4 0.7 0.1 2.2 0.3 2.5 1.3 -3.5 0.0 -2.2 0.3 7.8 0.1 8.0 2.3 1.2 3.5 5.6 -1.1 4.5 4.8
Q3 0.3 0.3 0.1 0.7 0.2 0.9 1.0 -0.3 0.0 0.7 1.6 7.6 0.2 7.9 4.9 0.3 5.2 2.8 -0.1 2.7 4.3
Q4 2.1 0.0 0.1 2.2 -0.3 2.0 0.5 -0.2 0.0 0.4 2.3 6.8 1.1 7.9 4.6 0.9 5.5 2.2 0.2 2.3 4.6
2006 Q1 2.0 1.5 -0.1 3.4 0.9 4.3 2.3 -2.3 0.0 0.0 4.3 10.3 2.8 13.1 10.8 1.7 12.5 -0.5 1.1 0.6 4.9
Q2 0.9 0.2 -0.1 1.0 -0.1 0.9 0.0 -0.2 0.0 -0.2 0.6 7.4 2.9 10.3 6.2 1.0 7.3 1.2 1.8 3.0 3.6
Q3 1.0 -0.5 -0.2 0.4 -0.5 -0.2 -0.2 1.2 0.0 1.0 0.8 8.0 3.2 11.2 6.8 1.5 8.3 1.2 1.7 3.0 3.8
Q4 0.0 0.2 0.0 0.2 0.3 0.5 -1.0 1.6 0.0 0.6 1.1 11.3 2.9 14.2 9.5 2.1 11.6 1.7 0.8 2.5 3.6
2007 Q1 1.0 -2.3 0.0 -1.3 -0.9 -2.2 0.9 0.0 0.0 1.0 -1.3 13.1 1.3 14.4 10.3 1.3 11.6 2.8 0.0 2.8 1.6
Q2 0.5 -1.3 0.0 -0.8 0.2 -0.7 0.9 -1.2 0.0 -0.3 -1.0 11.0 1.1 12.1 9.1 2.0 11.0 1.9 -0.8 1.1 0.1
Q3 0.2 -0.6 0.0 -0.4 0.7 0.3 0.4 -2.2 0.0 -1.8 -1.5 11.0 1.5 12.6 8.5 2.7 11.2 2.6 -1.2 1.4 -0.1
Q4 0.5 -0.6 0.0 0.0 0.7 0.7 2.1 -3.0 0.0 -0.9 -0.2 7.6 1.3 8.9 6.8 2.2 8.9 0.8 -0.9 -0.1 -0.3
2008 Q1 0.2 0.0 -0.1 0.0 1.1 1.1 -0.3 -0.2 0.0 -0.4 0.7 11.7 1.0 12.6 10.5 1.0 11.5 1.2 -0.1 1.1 1.9
Q2 0.6 0.2 0.0 0.7 0.7 1.4 0.2 1.9 0.0 2.2 3.6 7.6 0.7 8.3 9.0 0.3 9.3 -1.4 0.4 -1.0 2.6
Q3 -0.7 0.5 0.0 -0.3 0.9 0.7 0.6 0.4 0.0 1.0 1.7 3.0 0.8 3.8 3.1 0.5 3.6 -0.1 0.3 0.2 1.9
Q4 -2.3 -0.7 -0.1 -3.1 0.0 -3.1 0.4 -1.5 0.0 -1.0 -4.2 -3.3 0.7 -2.7 -5.2 0.5 -4.8 1.9 0.2 2.1 -2.1
2009 Q1 -3.9 -0.1 0.1 -3.9 -0.2 -4.1 -1.8 -3.6 0.0 -5.3 -9.5 -16.7 0.9 -15.9 -18.9 0.7 -18.3 2.2 0.2 2.4 -7.1
Q2 -3.7 0.1 0.0 -3.6 0.1 -3.5 -1.3 -8.1 0.0 -9.4 -12.9 -13.0 0.8 -12.2 -17.5 0.3 -17.2 4.4 0.5 5.0 -7.9
Q3 -4.3 -0.5 0.0 -4.8 -0.1 -5.0 -2.2 -3.2 0.0 -5.4 -10.4 -7.1 0.1 -6.9 -9.7 -0.2 -9.9 2.6 0.4 3.0 -7.4
Q4 -2.5 0.3 0.0 -2.2 1.0 -1.2 -3.2 -0.2 0.0 -3.4 -4.6 -0.2 0.3 0.2 -1.6 1.2 -0.4 1.4 -0.8 0.6 -4.0
2010 Q1 -1.0 -0.7 0.0 -1.8 0.6 -1.1 -1.4 0.6 0.0 -0.9 -2.0 6.5 1.3 7.7 6.2 -0.3 5.9 0.2 1.6 1.8 -0.2
Q2 -1.8 -0.2 0.0 -2.0 0.3 -1.7 -1.8 3.2 0.0 1.4 -0.3 8.7 0.9 9.6 8.3 0.3 8.6 0.4 0.7 1.1 0.8
Q3 0.6 0.3 0.0 0.9 0.3 1.2 -1.4 1.3 0.0 -0.1 1.1 7.7 0.5 8.3 8.1 -0.4 7.7 -0.3 0.9 0.6 1.7
Q4 -0.4 -0.3 -0.1 -0.8 -0.5 -1.2 -3.8 4.9 0.0 1.1 -0.1 6.9 0.5 7.4 7.0 -1.6 5.4 -0.1 2.1 2.0 1.9
2011 Q1 -0.5 0.7 0.0 0.2 0.0 0.2 0.3 0.6 0.0 0.9 1.2 10.7 -0.1 10.7 8.5 0.5 9.0 2.3 -0.6 1.7 2.8
Q2 1.2 -0.2 0.0 0.9 0.0 1.0 -0.6 0.0 0.0 -0.6 0.4 4.0 0.9 4.9 3.7 0.2 3.8 0.3 0.8 1.1 1.5
Q3 0.6 0.0 0.0 0.6 -0.1 0.5 -0.5 -1.6 0.0 -2.1 -1.6 2.3 1.4 3.7 0.4 0.5 0.9 1.9 0.9 2.8 1.2
Q4 0.4 -0.1 0.1 0.3 0.0 0.4 -0.2 -0.9 0.0 -1.1 -0.7 1.0 1.3 2.3 -0.7 0.3 -0.4 1.7 1.1 2.7 2.0
2012 Q1 -0.4 -0.5 0.0 -0.9 -0.2 -1.0 -0.6 0.5 0.0 -0.2 -1.2 -1.2 0.6 -0.6 -1.0 -0.7 -1.7 -0.2 1.3 1.1 -0.1
Q2 -1.3 -0.3 0.0 -1.6 0.1 -1.5 -0.3 -1.8 0.0 -2.2 -3.7 0.5 -0.2 0.3 -1.7 -0.5 -2.2 2.1 0.3 2.5 -1.2
Q3 -2.8 -0.4 0.0 -3.2 0.1 -3.2 -0.1 0.3 0.0 0.2 -3.0 -0.8 -0.3 -1.1 -2.4 -0.5 -2.9 1.6 0.2 1.8 -1.1
Q4 -0.3 0.3 0.0 -0.1 -0.2 -0.2 -1.3 0.1 0.0 -1.2 -1.4 -3.8 -0.4 -4.2 -2.8 -0.3 -3.2 -0.9 -0.1 -1.0 -2.4
2013 Q1 -0.5 0.1 0.0 -0.5 0.9 0.4 -0.8 -1.4 0.0 -2.2 -1.8 -1.5 0.8 -0.7 -2.2 0.5 -1.7 0.7 0.3 0.9 -0.9
Q2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.4 0.7 1.1 1.7 0.3 0.0 2.0 3.1 1.1 1.2 2.3 2.6 1.5 4.1 -1.5 -0.3 -1.8 1.3
Q3 -0.5 0.0 0.0 -0.4 0.5 0.1 2.5 -1.3 0.0 1.3 1.4 3.4 1.4 4.9 2.8 0.6 3.4 0.6 0.8 1.4 2.8
Q4 0.3 -0.1 0.1 0.3 0.2 0.5 3.7 -1.0 0.0 2.7 3.2 5.4 1.6 7.1 4.4 2.3 6.7 1.1 -0.7 0.4 3.6
2014 Q1 0.6 0.2 0.0 0.8 0.7 1.5 2.9 -0.8 0.1 2.2 3.8 7.8 2.0 9.8 7.6 1.6 9.2 0.2 0.4 0.6 4.4
Q2 1.6 0.1 0.0 1.7 0.8 2.4 3.8 0.0 0.0 3.8 6.2 5.7 2.5 8.2 8.4 1.3 9.7 -2.7 1.2 -1.5 4.7
Q3 0.8 0.3 0.0 1.1 0.6 1.7 3.0 1.0 0.0 3.9 5.6 4.8 2.6 7.4 7.5 1.6 9.1 -2.8 1.1 -1.7 4.0
Q4 1.9 -0.2 0.0 1.7 1.6 3.3 0.6 0.3 0.0 0.9 4.2 4.3 2.0 6.3 6.2 0.4 6.6 -1.9 1.5 -0.3 3.9
2015 Q1 2.0 0.2 0.1 2.3 0.0 2.3 -0.5 0.2 -0.1 -0.3 2.0 5.1 1.6 6.7 3.4 0.8 4.2 1.7 0.9 2.6 4.6
Q2 1.7 0.2 0.1 1.9 -0.4 1.5 1.8 -2.2 0.0 -0.4 1.1 4.8 1.2 6.0 3.0 0.7 3.6 1.8 0.5 2.3 3.4
Q3 1.5 0.3 0.1 1.9 0.4 2.3 0.3 -0.5 0.0 -0.2 2.2 3.6 2.0 5.6 3.5 1.2 4.7 0.1 0.8 0.9 3.1
Q4 2.0 0.4 0.1 2.5 0.5 2.9 2.4 -3.1 0.0 -0.6 2.3 6.0 1.4 7.4 3.6 2.2 5.8 2.3 -0.8 1.5 3.8
2016 Q1 2.5 0.1 0.0 2.6 0.3 2.9 -0.8 0.4 0.0 -0.3 2.6 0.6 2.2 2.8 3.3 1.0 4.3 -2.7 1.2 -1.5 1.1
Q2 2.2 0.3 0.0 2.6 0.6 3.2 -3.4 1.0 0.0 -2.4 0.8 4.0 2.6 6.7 3.1 1.2 4.3 0.9 1.4 2.4 3.1
Q3 2.0 0.0 0.1 2.0 -0.2 1.8 -1.1 0.6 0.0 -0.4 1.4 1.4 2.1 3.5 1.8 0.6 2.4 -0.4 1.5 1.1 2.5
Q4 2.4 0.0 0.0 2.4 -0.5 2.0 -3.9 3.8 0.0 -0.1 1.8 -1.3 1.8 0.5 1.1 -0.7 0.4 -2.3 2.5 0.1 1.9
2017 Q1 1.9 -0.1 0.2 2.1 -0.6 1.5 3.1 1.0 0.1 4.2 5.7 6.5 1.6 8.2 8.4 0.8 9.2 -1.8 0.8 -1.0 4.7
Q2 2.3 -0.1 0.1 2.4 0.3 2.7 5.0 -4.1 0.1 1.0 3.7 3.4 1.2 4.6 4.3 0.4 4.6 -0.9 0.8 -0.1 3.6
Q3 2.1 0.4 0.4 2.9 0.4 3.3 4.3 -1.5 0.0 2.9 6.2 2.9 1.4 4.3 5.4 0.8 6.3 -2.5 0.6 -2.0 4.2
Q4 2.6 0.4 0.2 3.2 1.2 4.4 2.9 -2.0 0.0 0.9 5.3 4.2 1.5 5.7 5.6 0.8 6.4 -1.4 0.7 -0.7 4.6
2018 Q1 2.5 0.1 0.3 2.9 1.0 3.9 1.8 -0.8 0.0 1.1 5.0 2.7 1.6 4.3 4.0 0.3 4.2 -1.3 1.3 0.0 5.0
Q2 2.5 -0.1 0.3 2.6 0.7 3.3 3.6 0.1 -0.1 3.5 6.9 3.7 1.8 5.5 6.2 0.8 7.0 -2.6 1.1 -1.5 5.4
Q3 2.2 -0.1 0.2 2.3 0.3 2.6 4.8 0.9 0.0 5.8 8.4 0.3 1.6 1.9 3.8 1.0 4.8 -3.4 0.5 -2.9 5.5
Q4 2.1 -0.2 0.2 2.2 -0.2 2.0 4.0 0.0 0.0 4.0 5.9 4.0 1.4 5.4 5.6 0.3 5.9 -1.6 1.2 -0.5 5.5
2019 Q1 2.4 0.2 0.1 2.7 0.1 2.7 3.8 -0.5 0.0 3.3 6.1 4.7 1.3 6.0 5.4 1.7 7.1 -0.7 -0.4 -1.1 5.0
Q2 2.4 0.3 0.0 2.7 0.0 2.8 3.7 -0.3 0.0 3.4 6.1 1.7 1.1 2.8 3.1 1.4 4.5 -1.4 -0.3 -1.7 4.4
Q3 2.4 -0.1 0.0 2.3 0.7 3.0 4.2 -1.3 0.0 2.9 5.9 5.9 1.7 7.6 6.7 2.2 8.8 -0.7 -0.5 -1.2 4.7
Q4 2.6 0.3 0.0 2.8 1.7 4.5 1.2 2.2 0.0 3.4 7.9 0.5 1.4 1.9 3.2 2.5 5.7 -2.7 -1.1 -3.8 4.1
2020 Q1 2.8 0.1 0.1 2.9 0.7 3.6 -0.8 1.2 -0.1 0.3 3.9 1.4 -0.2 1.2 2.9 0.2 3.2 -1.5 -0.5 -1.9 2.0
Q2 -3.2 -1.3 0.1 -4.4 0.9 -3.4 -3.0 0.8 -0.1 -2.3 -5.7 -12.5 -7.2 -19.7 -9.9 -2.5 -12.4 -2.6 -4.7 -7.3 -13.0
Q3 -0.8 -0.1 0.1 -0.9 0.5 -0.4 -4.2 -0.2 0.0 -4.4 -4.8 2.2 -5.2 -2.9 0.0 -3.4 -3.4 2.3 -1.8 0.5 -4.3
Q4 -1.4 -0.6 0.1 -1.9 0.2 -1.7 0.5 -2.1 0.2 -1.4 -3.1 6.8 -4.9 1.9 4.3 -2.5 1.8 2.5 -2.3 0.1 -3.0
2021 Q1 -3.2 0.3 0.1 -2.8 0.8 -2.0 0.6 -3.1 0.0 -2.5 -4.5 7.1 -4.1 2.9 2.0 -1.6 0.4 5.1 -2.6 2.5 -2.0
Q2 4.2 0.8 0.1 5.2 0.1 5.3 3.5 2.6 0.0 6.0 11.3 21.1 3.4 24.5 17.9 0.1 18.0 3.2 3.3 6.5 17.8
Q3
Q4
Q1–Q2 0.4 0.5 0.1 1.1 0.4 1.5 2.0 -0.4 0.0 1.6 3.2 13.9 -0.5 13.3 9.7 -0.8 8.9 4.2 0.3 4.4 7.6
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