Country, group of countries 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022
Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4
Austria 102.2 101.3 99.5 101.5 100.7 100.4 100.8 100.2 96.9 85.1 95.1 91.1 91.3 109.9 106.8 106.7 112.4 106.6 98.1
Belgium 102.3 101.8 101.7 102.0 100.8 101.3 102.3 102.3 96.3 83.6 97.3 89.5 96.7 114.2 102.1 110.6 108.1 105.6 101.4
Bulgaria 105.2 104.3 103.8 102.3 104.2 105.5 104.7 106.3 102.3 97.0 100.6 100.3 105.2 111.2 108.7 108.5 105.2 103.8 103.7
Cyprus 104.7 105.0 105.8 104.9 105.6 105.5 103.8 100.6 99.6 81.2 96.8 95.2 95.5 119.7 101.1 104.4 108.1 107.5 106.8
Czechia 104.6 103.6 103.3 102.5 102.4 103.1 102.5 102.6 97.0 89.3 94.8 90.0 94.2 108.9 105.5 108.2 108.0 100.5 94.4
Denmark 103.5 104.5 104.3 101.6 102.6 100.3 100.9 102.6 98.5 95.1 100.8 100.1 98.0 109.5 105.3 104.1 104.3 97.5 94.9
Estonia 102.7 106.4 105.5 105.0 107.1 104.2 102.5 103.7 104.2 92.8 98.9 99.8 98.3 113.7 109.4 106.9 107.1 103.5 100.7
Finland 101.8 103.0 101.3 100.8 100.4 99.8 101.7 101.1 100.7 90.3 97.2 96.8 97.3 110.0 103.3 104.1 103.1 103.9 101.8
France 101.4 101.0 100.7 100.9 101.4 102.1 101.8 101.8 95.7 84.1 99.2 93.7 99.3 113.6 101.5 107.9 106.2 105.4 99.7
Greece 102.0 102.8 101.0 100.8 101.9 100.8 100.8 102.7 99.7 85.8 94.0 90.5 93.1 113.6 107.1 112.1 113.7 108.9 106.2
Netherlands 102.9 102.4 101.5 101.8 100.6 100.8 100.8 101.4 98.8 87.3 95.0 93.6 92.0 110.5 106.0 106.9 113.0 107.0 102.9
Croatia 103.3 103.6 102.5 103.9 104.9 103.6 103.3 104.4 102.0 87.7 93.2 96.8 100.1 118.1 115.2 107.7 106.5 107.4 105.1
Ireland 103.5 105.0 103.7 102.6 103.8 102.7 101.8 101.7 93.7 79.0 90.9 88.7 87.9 116.8 106.2 109.4 116.2 105.4 102.1
Poland 104.9 104.8 104.2 104.6 104.0 103.5 103.1 103.2 101.5 89.5 99.0 96.5 99.7 113.6 105.3 107.8 106.1 105.8 102.0
Latvia 103.0 104.0 103.0 102.3 100.9 101.3 100.5 98.2 99.8 83.6 100.0 98.2 98.2 120.2 103.7 113.1 116.3 107.9 106.1
Lithuania 102.9 104.0 104.3 103.3 102.7 103.2 102.2 102.9 100.8 91.2 100.5 97.9 101.9 115.0 107.0 108.7 106.8 100.5 99.0
Luxembourg 103.6 101.8 101.8 103.4 101.0 102.7 102.9 102.7 97.4 83.6 97.7 92.6 102.6 121.7 104.6 110.5 106.7 105.5 105.4
Hungary 105.5 105.3 104.9 104.7 104.6 104.8 104.9 105.6 105.4 93.9 98.1 98.2 95.0 109.7 107.6 107.9 112.0 108.8 105.0
Malta 106.1 109.6 112.4 110.8 107.8 102.9 102.7 103.1 96.5 80.5 89.3 91.6 96.7 117.7 109.3 109.8 111.9 112.9 107.2
Germany 102.0 101.8 101.0 101.1 102.0 101.5 101.9 101.3 98.3 87.5 96.6 94.0 91.5 106.7 101.4 102.9 108.8 106.0 102.0
Italy 101.3 101.0 100.9 100.7 100.0 100.0 100.6 100.3 92.2 82.3 93.0 90.8 97.4 113.7 103.8 106.6 107.0 105.2 103.6
Portugal 102.3 102.9 102.4 102.9 103.4 103.3 103.5 102.9 98.8 83.3 95.3 94.5 93.0 118.2 104.0 105.5 111.6 104.6 104.4
Romania 111.2 109.4 107.4 108.9 105.4 102.4 100.5 103.6 104.3 89.5 96.0 95.5 95.9 113.2 110.7 106.3 107.3 108.0 104.1
Spain 102.6 102.1 101.3 100.8 100.3 99.1 102.8 102.0 95.7 76.3 89.2 89.6 95.5 123.3 104.0 104.5 103.8 103.3 101.3
Sweden 102.2 102.6 101.3 101.4 100.1 100.2 101.6 101.1 101.6 91.8 97.4 96.5 98.5 109.6 107.2 108.7 106.0 105.6 100.7
Slovakia 105.0 103.4 103.7 103.5 102.9 103.6 102.2 102.2 100.6 95.8 99.9 98.0 95.4 105.4 102.4 104.2 108.9 103.7 103.0
Slovenia 103.6 103.2 103.3 104.2 104.6 105.1 106.9 104.7 96.9 86.4 100.8 88.6 97.2 114.1 105.9 121.1 119.0 112.5 102.6
EU27_2020 102.3 102.1 101.5 101.5 101.5 101.3 101.8 101.6 97.1 85.3 95.8 93.1 95.5 112.2 103.5 106.1 107.7 105.4 101.6
United Kingdom 101.0 101.4 101.6 101.7 101.3 101.5 101.2 100.4 97.6 76.6 90.9 91.0 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
USAa 102.8 103.1 103.2 102.5 101.9 101.8 102.0 102.2 100.5 90.6 98.3 98.6 102.8 116.6 107.4 107.2 104.8 102.4 102.2
Japanb 100.4 100.0 100.4 100.0 99.8 99.8 100.6 97.4 98.3 89.9 94.0 99.2 96.8 105.8 99.2 100.3 101.0 102.5 103.9

Footnotes

*Including non-profit institutions serving households. Seasonally and calendar adjusted data. Download date: January 19, 2023.
aAccording to SNA 2008 methodology.
bAccording to SNA 1993 methodology.
Source: Eurostat (Luxembourg)
.