Country, group of countries Economically active population, thousand persons, 2020 Activity rate, percent
2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Austria 4,467 71.3 70.7 71.6 71.7 69.4 71.4 72.4 73.5 73.9 74.3 74.4 74.6 75.1 75.5 75.4 75.5 76.2 76.4 76.8 77.1 76.6
Belgium 5,022 65.2 63.6 64.1 64.3 65.3 66.7 66.5 67.1 67.1 66.9 67.7 66.7 66.9 67.5 67.7 67.6 67.6 68.0 68.6 69.0 68.6
Bulgaria 3,190 61.6 63.4 62.5 61.7 62.8 62.1 64.5 66.3 67.8 67.2 66.7 65.9 67.1 68.4 69.0 69.3 68.7 71.3 71.5 73.2 72.2
Cyprus 439 68.9 70.7 70.9 72.2 72.7 72.4 73.0 73.9 73.6 73.0 73.6 73.5 73.5 73.6 74.3 73.9 73.4 73.9 75.0 76.0 75.8
Czechia 5,224 71.2 70.7 70.4 70.2 69.9 70.4 70.3 69.9 69.7 70.1 70.2 70.5 71.6 72.9 73.5 74.0 75.0 75.9 76.6 76.7 76.4
Denmark 2,921 80.0 79.2 79.9 79.4 80.2 79.8 80.6 80.1 79.3 78.7 78.0 77.8 77.2 76.6 76.6 76.9 77.5 77.9 78.2 79.1 79.0
Estonia 667 70.5 69.8 68.4 70.6 70.7 70.7 72.8 73.2 74.2 74.0 73.9 74.7 74.8 75.1 75.2 76.7 77.5 78.8 79.1 78.9 79.3
Finland 2,662 76.8 77.1 77.2 76.8 76.2 74.7 75.2 75.6 76.0 75.0 74.5 74.9 75.2 75.2 75.4 75.8 75.9 76.7 77.9 78.3 78.3
France 28,902 68.8 68.6 69.0 69.8 69.7 69.7 69.6 69.7 69.9 70.3 70.3 70.1 70.7 71.1 71.0 71.3 71.4 71.5 71.9 71.7 71.0
Greece 4,526 63.9 63.3 64.1 64.9 66.3 66.4 66.7 66.5 66.7 67.4 67.8 67.3 67.5 67.5 67.4 67.8 68.2 68.3 68.2 68.4 67.4
Netherlands 9,030 74.9 75.7 76.5 76.5 76.6 75.1 75.4 76.7 77.8 78.1 77.9 78.1 79.0 79.4 79.0 79.6 79.7 79.7 80.3 80.9 80.9
Croatia 1,764 .. .. 62.6 62.3 63.9 63.3 62.8 65.7 65.8 65.6 65.1 64.1 63.9 63.7 66.1 66.9 65.6 66.4 66.3 66.5 67.1
Ireland 2,339 67.5 67.7 68.0 68.2 68.7 70.8 71.9 75.6 74.8 73.0 71.6 71.2 71.1 71.8 71.8 72.1 72.7 72.7 72.9 73.3 71.9
Poland 16,583 66.1 66.0 64.9 64.0 63.7 64.4 63.4 63.2 63.8 64.7 65.3 65.7 66.5 67.0 67.9 68.1 68.8 69.6 70.1 70.6 71.0
Latvia 931 67.1 67.6 69.3 68.8 68.7 69.1 71.0 72.6 74.2 73.5 73.0 72.8 74.4 74.0 74.6 75.7 76.3 77.0 77.7 77.3 78.2
Lithuania 1,423 71.2 70.1 69.8 72.1 69.3 68.7 67.6 67.9 68.4 69.6 70.2 71.4 71.8 72.4 73.7 74.1 75.5 75.9 77.3 78.0 78.5
Luxembourg 311 64.2 64.1 65.3 64.6 65.8 66.6 66.7 66.9 66.8 68.7 68.2 67.9 69.4 69.9 70.8 70.9 70.0 70.2 71.1 72.0 72.2
Hungary 4,572 59.9 59.4 59.5 60.6 60.2 61.3 62.0 61.6 61.2 61.2 61.9 62.4 63.7 64.7 67.0 68.6 70.1 71.2 71.9 72.6 72.8
Malta 268 58.2 58.9 59.1 59.1 57.6 57.6 57.9 58.8 59.1 59.4 60.4 61.8 63.9 66.3 67.8 68.8 70.6 72.2 74.7 75.9 77.1
Germany 42,224 71.0 71.3 71.5 72.1 72.1 73.8 74.9 75.6 75.9 76.3 76.7 77.3 77.2 77.6 77.7 77.6 77.9 78.2 78.6 79.2 79.2
Italy 24,520 59.9 60.3 61.0 61.6 62.8 62.5 62.6 62.4 62.9 62.3 62.0 62.1 63.5 63.4 63.9 64.0 64.9 65.4 65.6 65.7 64.1
Portugal 4,905 71.1 71.8 72.6 72.8 72.6 73.2 73.6 73.9 73.9 73.4 73.7 73.6 73.4 73.0 73.2 73.4 73.7 74.7 75.1 75.5 74.3
Romania 8,723 69.6 68.3 64.2 63.4 63.9 62.3 63.6 63.0 62.9 63.1 64.9 64.1 64.8 64.9 65.7 66.1 65.6 67.3 67.8 68.6 69.2
Spain 22,475 65.1 64.4 66.4 67.8 68.7 70.0 71.1 71.8 72.7 73.1 73.5 73.9 74.3 74.3 74.2 74.3 74.2 73.9 73.7 73.8 72.2
Sweden 5,317 75.3 78.1 78.0 77.9 77.7 78.7 78.8 79.1 79.3 78.9 79.1 79.9 80.3 81.1 81.5 81.7 82.1 82.5 82.7 82.9 82.5
Slovakia 2,672 69.5 70.4 69.5 69.8 69.7 68.9 68.6 68.3 68.8 68.4 68.7 68.7 69.4 69.9 70.3 70.9 71.9 72.1 72.4 72.7 72.4
Slovenia 1,016 67.4 67.5 68.5 66.9 69.9 70.7 70.9 71.3 71.8 71.8 71.5 70.3 70.4 70.5 70.9 71.8 71.6 74.2 75.0 75.2 74.6
EU27_2020 207,091 .. .. 67.7 68.1 68.4 68.8 69.3 69.6 70.0 70.1 70.3 70.5 71.0 71.3 71.6 71.9 72.3 72.7 73.1 73.4 72.9
United Kingdom
32,631a
75.2 74.9 75.0 75.1 75.0 75.4 75.7 75.5 75.8 75.7 75.4 75.5 76.1 76.4 76.7 76.9 77.3 77.6 77.9 78.1 ..
North Macedonia 940 .. .. .. .. .. .. 62.2 62.8 63.5 64.0 64.2 64.2 63.9 64.9 65.3 64.9 64.5 65.3 65.4 66.3 65.5
Norway 2,729 80.7 80.5 80.6 78.9 78.7 78.3 78.0 78.8 80.0 78.9 78.1 77.8 78.2 78.2 78.0 78.2 78.0 77.3 77.9 78.3 78.2
Russia 73,342 70.9 69.5 70.1 69.9 71.1 71.5 72.0 72.9 73.2 73.0 72.7 72.8 73.0 72.8 73.1 73.4 74.2 74.2 74.6 74.2 74.2
Switzerland 4,754 80.5 81.2 81.3 81.3 81.0 80.9 81.2 81.6 82.3 82.5 81.3 82.0 82.3 82.4 82.9 83.3 83.9 84.0 84.2 84.3 84.1
Turkey 30,077 .. .. .. .. .. .. 49.0 49.1 49.8 50.8 51.9 53.2 53.3 54.4 55.1 56.0 56.9 57.9 58.5 58.4 54.9
Israel 3,853 69.5 69.3 68.4 68.9 69.4 69.8 70.4 70.9 70.8 70.8 71.1 70.9 71.5 71.6 72.2 72.2 72.1 72.1 72.0 71.7 69.9
Japan 59,460 72.5 72.6 72.4 72.3 72.3 72.7 73.2 73.7 73.8 74.0 74.0 73.8 73.9 74.8 75.5 75.9 76.8 77.6 78.9 79.6 79.6
Republic of Korea 24,999 64.8 65.3 66.0 65.8 66.7 66.7 66.7 66.7 66.4 65.8 66.1 66.4 66.7 67.0 68.2 68.8 69.0 69.6 69.6 69.8 68.9
United Statesb 150,122 77.2 76.8 76.4 75.8 75.5 75.4 75.5 75.3 75.3 74.6 73.9 73.3 73.1 72.8 72.7 72.6 73.0 73.3 73.6 74.1 73.0
Canada 19,035 76.2 76.3 77.4 78.2 78.1 77.7 77.7 78.3 78.4 78.0 77.8 77.8 77.8 78.0 77.8 78.0 78.1 78.5 78.4 79.0 77.5
Mexico 50,765 61.7 61.0 60.6 61.0 61.6 62.4 63.3 63.4 63.2 63.3 63.1 63.4 64.2 64.1 63.6 63.6 63.6 63.4 63.7 64.6 60.2
Australia 12,955 73.8 74.1 74.2 74.5 74.4 75.4 75.8 76.2 76.5 76.4 76.4 76.6 76.4 76.4 76.3 76.9 77.0 77.5 78.0 78.5 77.9
New Zealand 2,676 75.0 75.6 76.2 75.8 76.3 77.2 77.8 78.0 77.8 77.4 77.0 77.2 77.1 77.4 78.6 78.7 79.9 80.9 81.2 80.9 80.7

Footnotes

*
Source: Eurostat (Luxembourg); ILOSTAT (ILO, Geneva). Download date: September 1, 2021.
a
2019.
b
Data refer to the population aged 16–64.
.