Period Employed, thousand persons Unemployed, thousand persons Employment rate, % Unemployment rate, %
15–24 year-old 25–54 year-old 55–74 year-old 15–24 year-old 25–54 year-old 55–74 year-old 15–24 year-old 25–54 year-old 55–74 year-old 15–24 year-old 25–54 year-old 55–74 year-old
2009 January–March 222.8 3,215.8 438.4 72.0 302.5 29.1 18.3 76.1 19.6 24.4 8.6 6.2
February–April 224.3 3,211.5 445.0 73.1 309.1 29.5 18.5 76.0 19.9 24.6 8.8 6.2
March–May 223.1 3,220.1 454.7 72.5 306.7 29.1 18.4 76.3 20.3 24.5 8.7 6.0
April–June 226.0 3,231.1 453.3 73.8 297.1 29.4 18.7 76.6 20.2 24.6 8.4 6.1
May–July 229.2 3,235.0 456.8 76.9 297.2 30.7 18.9 76.8 20.3 25.1 8.4 6.3
June–August 229.0 3,226.7 456.6 80.3 305.3 30.8 19.0 76.6 20.2 26.0 8.6 6.3
July–September 230.4 3,210.4 458.6 84.8 315.6 30.8 19.1 76.3 20.3 26.9 8.9 6.3
August–October 230.8 3,211.3 462.1 86.1 315.5 30.5 19.1 76.4 20.4 27.2 8.9 6.2
September–November 230.2 3,201.2 465.1 86.3 321.0 30.6 19.1 76.2 20.5 27.3 9.1 6.2
October–December 225.8 3,193.1 472.2 84.5 320.1 30.1 18.8 76.1 20.8 27.2 9.1 6.0
November–2010. January 222.3 3,160.9 468.6 82.9 337.6 31.0 18.5 75.4 20.6 27.2 9.6 6.2
December–2010. February 224.0 3,141.7 467.4 81.1 359.6 31.9 18.6 75.0 20.5 26.6 10.3 6.4
2010 January–March 220.2 3,133.0 468.5 80.6 377.5 35.7 18.3 74.8 20.5 26.8 10.8 7.1
February–April 220.9 3,143.1 474.4 80.4 375.8 36.5 18.4 75.1 20.8 26.7 10.7 7.1
March–May 219.6 3,157.2 476.8 76.0 368.0 37.1 18.3 75.5 20.8 25.7 10.4 7.2
April–June 219.5 3,165.4 486.0 77.2 354.3 39.1 18.3 75.8 21.2 26.0 10.1 7.4
May–July 220.3 3,171.7 491.9 75.8 349.1 38.5 18.4 76.0 21.4 25.6 9.9 7.3
June–August 219.8 3,179.2 495.8 79.7 340.4 41.4 18.4 76.2 21.6 26.6 9.7 7.7
July–September 225.9 3,179.3 502.6 79.8 337.2 40.9 18.9 76.3 21.8 26.1 9.6 7.5
August–October 230.1 3,184.2 503.9 81.2 332.8 42.8 19.3 76.5 21.9 26.1 9.5 7.8
September–November 233.3 3,176.8 506.0 80.2 330.9 42.4 19.6 76.4 21.9 25.6 9.4 7.7
October–December 231.3 3,156.2 507.3 75.3 335.8 42.9 19.5 75.9 21.9 24.6 9.6 7.8
November–2011. January 226.4 3,131.2 508.5 75.0 347.9 45.6 19.1 75.4 22.0 24.9 10.0 8.2
December–2011. February 219.9 3,108.3 510.3 75.7 363.5 46.7 18.5 74.9 22.0 25.6 10.5 8.4
2011 January–March 215.5 3,102.8 513.7 76.1 367.6 48.4 18.2 74.8 22.1 26.1 10.6 8.6
February–April 213.3 3,117.9 521.3 71.7 360.5 50.2 18.0 75.3 22.4 25.2 10.4 8.8
March–May 214.4 3,138.9 524.6 69.0 347.3 50.0 18.1 75.8 22.5 24.3 10.0 8.7
April–June 218.0 3,157.4 525.4 67.4 340.3 50.6 18.4 76.3 22.5 23.6 9.7 8.8
May–July 223.2 3,162.7 536.7 70.9 338.5 50.3 18.9 76.5 23.0 24.1 9.7 8.6
June–August 223.2 3,166.5 540.3 74.4 331.4 50.7 18.9 76.7 23.1 25.0 9.5 8.6
July–September 225.5 3,175.4 541.4 78.2 328.1 49.9 19.1 77.0 23.1 25.8 9.4 8.4
August–October 220.7 3,181.5 545.8 78.8 334.2 50.3 18.8 77.2 23.3 26.3 9.5 8.4
September–November 219.8 3,188.2 546.4 75.8 328.8 51.7 18.7 77.4 23.3 25.6 9.3 8.6
October–December 214.8 3,179.4 542.7 76.0 326.4 52.6 18.3 77.2 23.1 26.1 9.3 8.8
November–2012. January 209.9 3,156.4 532.4 76.9 342.1 54.2 17.9 76.7 22.6 26.8 9.8 9.2
December–2012. February 205.1 3,138.0 528.0 81.0 358.5 56.5 17.5 76.2 22.4 28.3 10.3 9.7
2012 January–March 204.7 3,137.4 528.2 79.3 371.3 55.4 17.4 76.2 22.4 27.9 10.6 9.5
February–April 205.3 3,152.2 533.0 76.6 365.5 53.8 17.5 76.6 22.6 27.2 10.4 9.2
March–May 209.9 3,169.8 546.2 77.6 358.5 50.4 17.9 77.1 23.2 27.0 10.2 8.5
April–June 210.6 3,187.8 551.9 80.8 340.5 50.6 18.0 77.6 23.4 27.7 9.7 8.4
May–July 216.8 3,200.6 558.7 84.6 331.2 46.5 18.5 77.9 23.7 28.1 9.4 7.7
June–August 219.8 3,217.4 555.1 87.6 320.5 46.7 18.8 78.4 23.5 28.5 9.1 7.8
July–September 228.3 3,233.3 557.9 91.6 318.1 43.9 19.6 78.8 23.6 28.6 9.0 7.3
August–October 230.3 3,233.1 558.3 95.1 316.6 43.3 19.8 78.8 23.6 29.2 8.9 7.2
September–November 233.5 3,225.9 554.7 92.5 324.2 43.1 20.1 78.7 23.4 28.4 9.1 7.2
October–December 236.1 3,207.8 550.7 86.8 330.4 42.2 20.3 78.2 23.3 26.9 9.3 7.1
November–2013. January 231.6 3,174.4 542.7 88.7 341.4 44.0 20.0 77.5 22.9 27.7 9.7 7.5
December–2013. February 224.3 3,140.9 540.4 87.0 358.6 42.8 19.4 76.7 22.8 28.0 10.2 7.3
2013 January–March 217.4 3,144.7 544.4 90.6 356.8 47.3 18.8 76.8 23.0 29.4 10.2 8.0
February–April 223.5 3,184.9 550.9 80.7 335.6 49.2 19.4 77.8 23.2 26.5 9.5 8.2
March–May 225.2 3,214.4 558.1 78.3 321.4 52.2 19.5 78.6 23.5 25.8 9.1 8.5
April–June 230.9 3,232.2 565.2 77.8 311.7 50.3 20.1 79.0 23.8 25.2 8.8 8.2
May–July 237.8 3,247.3 570.0 84.7 305.1 49.8 20.7 79.5 24.0 26.3 8.6 8.0
June–August 240.6 3,254.8 575.3 88.2 298.0 48.3 21.0 79.7 24.2 26.8 8.4 7.7
July–September 246.5 3,260.4 574.8 88.3 291.4 49.1 21.5 79.8 24.2 26.4 8.2 7.9
August–October 245.3 3,257.5 581.7 85.9 289.8 48.4 21.5 79.8 24.5 25.9 8.2 7.7
September–November 252.9 3,263.9 582.9 79.4 276.9 46.1 22.2 80.0 24.5 23.9 7.8 7.3
October–December 250.4 3,261.1 588.9 77.2 276.1 44.2 22.0 80.0 24.7 23.6 7.8 7.0
November–2014. January 252.4 3,276.4 591.0 75.8 266.0 41.4 22.2 80.4 24.8 23.1 7.5 6.5
December–2014. February 258.4 3,295.2 590.7 73.4 255.6 39.6 22.8 80.9 24.8 22.1 7.2 6.3
2014 January–March 262.5 3,308.4 594.3 68.2 255.3 39.6 23.2 81.2 25.0 20.6 7.2 6.2
February–April 264.8 3,321.7 603.9 63.7 251.6 40.9 23.4 81.6 25.4 19.4 7.0 6.3
March–May 262.5 3,318.9 604.7 64.4 251.0 41.3 23.3 81.5 25.4 19.7 7.0 6.4
April–June 264.9 3,322.0 609.4 67.9 248.0 42.9 23.5 81.6 25.6 20.4 6.9 6.6
May–July 263.9 3,331.5 613.8 72.3 240.8 42.8 23.5 81.9 25.8 21.5 6.7 6.5
June–August 269.4 3,354.9 617.4 74.3 226.3 42.0 24.0 82.5 25.9 21.6 6.3 6.4
July–September 271.0 3,373.6 625.5 73.2 216.5 41.8 24.2 83.0 26.2 21.3 6.0 6.3
August–October 276.9 3,368.1 623.7 67.5 209.6 39.8 24.8 82.9 26.2 19.6 5.9 6.0
September–November 278.9 3,366.2 629.3 66.0 215.9 38.6 25.0 82.8 26.4 19.1 6.0 5.8
October–December 277.9 3,352.9 628.0 61.2 219.8 37.3 25.0 82.5 26.3 18.0 6.2 5.6
November–2015. January 278.7 3,345.1 620.8 63.9 224.5 41.7 25.1 82.4 26.0 18.7 6.3 6.3
December–2015. February 279.0 3,337.5 624.4 64.2 237.5 43.7 25.2 82.2 26.2 18.7 6.6 6.5
2015 January–March 269.3 3,340.5 625.9 63.7 238.5 45.1 24.3 82.3 26.3 19.1 6.7 6.7
February–April 270.7 3,354.3 637.1 62.0 235.4 40.4 24.5 82.7 26.7 18.6 6.6 6.0
March–May 274.1 3,370.5 646.9 58.3 219.3 41.9 24.9 83.1 27.1 17.5 6.1 6.1
April–June 281.9 3,386.8 655.2 60.3 210.5 39.5 25.6 83.5 27.5 17.6 5.9 5.7
May–July 285.0 3,400.3 661.1 60.4 207.1 38.2 25.9 83.8 27.7 17.5 5.7 5.5
June–August 290.0 3,411.3 670.3 63.5 203.0 37.3 26.4 84.1 28.1 18.0 5.6 5.3
July–September 297.1 3,418.7 674.6 58.5 196.9 37.0 27.1 84.3 28.3 16.5 5.4 5.2
August–October 299.1 3,419.1 674.4 56.9 193.7 39.3 27.3 84.3 28.3 16.0 5.4 5.5
September–November 301.9 3,419.1 678.9 52.8 194.4 36.5 27.6 84.3 28.5 14.9 5.4 5.1
October–December 297.7 3,415.4 677.1 52.9 193.1 34.6 27.3 84.2 28.4 15.1 5.4 4.9
November–2016. January 293.9 3,401.6 677.2 47.5 195.4 36.0 27.0 83.9 28.4 13.9 5.4 5.1
December–2016. February 291.6 3,405.1 675.7 47.3 188.9 38.5 26.9 84.0 28.4 14.0 5.3 5.4
2016 January–March 297.1 3,404.3 689.0 47.9 186.4 38.3 27.5 84.0 28.9 13.9 5.2 5.3
February–April 297.2 3,424.4 702.5 48.2 181.1 35.4 27.6 84.5 29.5 14.0 5.0 4.8
March–May 294.7 3,443.6 706.7 46.3 174.0 30.5 27.4 85.0 29.7 13.6 4.8 4.1
April–June 299.3 3,465.5 711.6 44.9 158.6 30.6 27.9 85.5 29.9 13.1 4.4 4.1
May–July 310.6 3,474.9 717.2 45.0 156.6 26.4 29.0 85.7 30.1 12.6 4.3 3.6
June–August 313.3 3,481.2 722.8 45.3 152.1 29.4 29.3 85.8 30.4 12.6 4.2 3.9
July–September 315.5 3,479.5 726.1 45.1 151.7 29.4 29.5 85.7 30.5 12.5 4.2 3.9
August–October 314.4 3,486.3 732.1 44.8 145.8 28.5 29.5 85.9 30.8 12.5 4.0 3.7
September–November 315.7 3,490.4 735.2 41.5 138.4 27.7 29.7 86.0 30.9 11.6 3.8 3.6
October–December 316.3 3,491.8 732.8 40.8 135.7 28.5 29.8 86.0 30.8 11.4 3.7 3.7
November–2017. January 312.4 3,492.7 725.8 38.2 129.8 29.6 29.5 86.0 30.5 10.9 3.6 3.9
December–2017. February 309.4 3,476.7 717.9 37.6 135.0 29.9 29.3 85.7 30.2 10.8 3.7 4.0
2017 January–March 306.5 3,479.0 712.5 34.3 141.8 30.6 29.1 85.8 30.0 10.1 3.9 4.1
February–April 306.0 3,485.3 714.7 34.0 143.6 31.3 29.1 86.0 30.1 10.0 4.0 4.2
March–May 304.1 3,492.5 720.1 36.2 136.8 30.0 29.0 86.2 30.4 10.6 3.8 4.0
April–June 309.5 3,505.4 726.2 37.3 131.7 27.2 29.5 86.5 30.7 10.7 3.6 3.6
May–July 312.9 3,507.4 731.2 37.3 130.0 25.9 29.9 86.6 30.9 10.7 3.6 3.4
June–August 315.5 3,513.2 735.5 39.7 130.1 25.7 30.2 86.7 31.1 11.2 3.6 3.4
July–September 311.5 3,527.0 736.6 38.9 124.0 25.3 29.9 87.1 31.2 11.1 3.4 3.3
August–October 312.2 3,529.6 732.0 38.1 121.4 23.6 30.0 87.2 31.0 10.9 3.3 3.1
September–November 313.9 3,532.6 735.3 35.8 120.6 20.9 30.3 87.2 31.2 10.2 3.3 2.8
October–December 311.1 3,526.7 741.6 34.6 121.5 19.1 30.1 87.1 31.5 10.0 3.3 2.5
November–2018. January 302.4 3,520.7 746.9 34.9 120.6 18.2 29.3 87.0 31.7 10.3 3.3 2.4
December–2018. February 299.5 3,525.0 752.0 35.9 124.6 17.1 29.0 87.0 32.0 10.7 3.4 2.2
2018 January–March 295.3 3,527.0 748.2 33.0 127.3 17.4 28.6 87.0 31.8 10.1 3.5 2.3
February–April 301.3 3,537.2 740.7 30.9 127.1 18.9 29.2 87.1 31.6 9.3 3.5 2.5
March–May 302.6 3,547.7 741.8 28.0 123.3 19.2 29.4 87.4 31.6 8.5 3.4 2.5
April–June 305.8 3,556.8 744.3 31.1 117.6 16.3 29.7 87.5 31.8 9.2 3.2 2.1
May–July 305.6 3,566.4 748.6 33.4 114.2 18.5 29.7 87.7 32.0 9.8 3.1 2.4
June–August 308.9 3,558.7 756.0 33.9 119.2 19.9 30.1 87.5 32.3 9.9 3.2 2.6
July–September 316.1 3,550.5 760.9 36.5 120.9 20.8 30.9 87.3 32.5 10.3 3.3 2.7
August–October 316.0 3,556.3 770.5 35.8 116.5 20.0 30.9 87.4 32.9 10.2 3.2 2.5
September–November 313.7 3,547.9 772.6 34.8 113.2 19.8 30.7 87.2 33.0 10.0 3.1 2.5
October–December 311.6 3,541.7 767.3 34.0 111.6 20.7 30.6 87.1 32.8 9.8 3.1 2.6
November–2019. January 302.6 3,548.7 768.4 37.8 112.3 19.2 29.7 87.2 32.9 11.1 3.1 2.4
December–2019. February 300.9 3,562.1 770.0 39.2 109.7 18.5 29.6 87.5 33.0 11.5 3.0 2.3
2019 January–March 292.5 3,567.8 770.7 36.0 111.0 18.0 28.9 87.6 33.0 11.0 3.0 2.3
February–April 289.8 3,562.4 770.6 34.4 110.0 17.5 28.6 87.4 33.1 10.6 3.0 2.2
March–May 288.7 3,572.5 772.8 35.3 106.4 18.4 28.5 87.6 33.2 10.9 2.9 2.3
April–June 290.8 3,579.7 772.7 34.5 101.0 19.7 28.7 87.7 33.2 10.6 2.7 2.5
May–July 291.8 3,578.9 777.9 35.9 101.2 20.5 28.8 87.6 33.4 10.9 2.7 2.6
June–August 298.8 3,577.7 774.8 33.6 103.3 20.0 29.6 87.5 33.3 10.1 2.8 2.5
July–September 300.1 3,577.8 776.3 37.9 107.4 17.1 29.8 87.5 33.4 11.2 2.9 2.2
August–October 294.6 3,585.1 777.0 43.1 104.1 14.6 29.3 87.7 33.5 12.8 2.8 1.8
September–November 289.3 3,584.3 776.2 43.1 105.8 12.6 28.8 87.6 33.5 13.0 2.9 1.6
October–December 290.5 3,577.1 782.3 39.9 99.9 13.4 28.9 87.4 33.7 12.1 2.7 1.7
November–2020. January 292.4 3,557.7 776.4 35.2 109.9 14.8 29.1 86.9 33.5 10.7 3.0 1.9
December–2020. February 289.1 3,556.5 778.1 34.7 111.0 17.7 28.9 86.9 33.6 10.7 3.0 2.2
2020 January–March 288.1 3,536.7 782.0 36.5 119.3 17.2 28.8 86.4 33.8 11.2 3.3 2.2
February–April 280.2 3,518.2 785.7 34.7 122.2 17.2 28.1 85.9 33.9 11.0 3.4 2.1
March–May 269.1 3,494.8 786.1 37.1 133.1 20.0 27.0 85.3 33.9 12.1 3.7 2.5
April–June 263.1 3,500.2 793.1 44.4 148.4 21.4 26.4 85.4 34.2 14.4 4.1 2.6
May–July 277.2 3,509.5 798.7 48.1 148.2 28.0 27.8 85.6 34.5 14.8 4.1 3.4
June–August 283.7 3,533.5 802.4 48.0 142.1 24.3 28.5 86.2 34.7 14.5 3.9 2.9
July–September 288.2 3,544.7 794.2 43.3 138.7 25.9 29.0 86.5 34.3 13.1 3.8 3.2
August–October 282.7 3,547.2 794.4 38.1 138.1 24.9 28.5 86.5 34.3 11.9 3.7 3.0
September–November 278.6 3,544.5 793.8 37.8 138.5 26.0 28.1 86.4 34.3 12.0 3.8 3.2
October–December 273.5 3,551.5 797.6 34.5 132.3 28.6 27.6 86.6 34.5 11.2 3.6 3.5
November–2021. January 269.2 3,535.9 795.8 40.2 142.1 26.6 27.2 86.2 34.4 13.0 3.9 3.2
December–2021. February 264.4 3,515.2 794.0 41.4 147.2 28.1 26.8 85.8 34.4 13.5 4.0 3.4
2021 January–March 265.2 3,501.7 800.7 41.8 146.1 26.9 26.9 85.6 34.7 13.6 4.0 3.3
February–April 270.8 3,502.8 801.5 38.7 140.4 26.8 27.5 85.8 34.8 12.5 3.9 3.2
March–May 271.6 3,517.5 804.8 38.3 133.6 26.1 27.6 86.2 35.0 12.4 3.7 3.1
April–June 266.8 3,542.0 810.4 41.1 132.5 24.4 27.1 86.9 35.2 13.3 3.6 2.9
May–July 267.6 3,559.3 820.1 46.2 127.1 24.1 27.2 87.3 35.7 14.7 3.4 2.9
June–August 273.0 3,554.6 831.6 51.4 125.0 23.4 27.8 87.3 36.2 15.9 3.4 2.7
July–September 274.2 3,558.0 831.3 46.5 120.0 23.2 27.9 87.4 36.2 14.5 3.3 2.7
August–October 272.6 3,570.7 834.1 43.4 117.0 23.8 27.8 87.8 36.3 13.7 3.2 2.8
September–November 272.4 3,573.5 841.2 36.9 117.3 22.9 27.8 87.9 36.6 11.9 3.2 2.6
October–December 274.9 3,576.6 836.5 39.1 116.4 24.8 28.0 88.0 36.4 12.5 3.2 2.9
November–2022. January 274.4 3,564.6 837.1 36.2 122.2 24.6 28.0 87.7 36.5 11.7 3.3 2.9
December–2022. February 270.2 3,568.4 836.4 34.6 122.9 25.9 27.5 87.8 36.5 11.4 3.3 3.0
2022 January–March 269.4 3,568.5 836.4 31.3 123.2 26.6 27.4 87.8 36.5 10.4 3.3 3.1
February–April 267.7 3,579.3 837.2 29.8 113.1 27.3 27.2 88.1 36.5 10.0 3.1 3.2
March–May 264.9 3,585.2 843.3 29.0 108.9 26.8 26.9 88.3 36.8 9.9 2.9 3.1
April–June 261.4 3,585.5 846.2 28.9 102.5 25.6 26.6 88.4 36.9 10.0 2.8 2.9
May–July 267.4 3,586.4 844.9 29.5 104.6 25.7 27.2 88.4 36.9 9.9 2.8 3.0
June–August 277.5 3,589.0 844.9 30.4 108.4 26.7 28.2 88.6 36.9 9.9 2.9 3.1
July–September 282.1 3,577.0 853.1 34.2 117.8 26.2 28.7 88.3 37.3 10.8 3.2 3.0
August–October 278.2 3,572.8 863.2 32.1 117.1 25.1 28.3 88.3 37.7 10.3 3.2 2.8
September–November 277.2 3,562.1 873.9 34.0 124.9 24.9 28.2 88.0 38.2 10.9 3.4 2.8
October–December 271.0 3,561.3 870.2 33.7 128.5 26.8 27.6 88.1 38.0 11.0 3.5 3.0
November–2023. January 268.7 3,559.1 877.7 35.1 133.1 28.0 27.4 88.1 38.3 11.6 3.6 3.1
December–2023. February 268.4 3,545.5 876.4 33.7 136.4 28.8 27.3 87.7 38.3 11.2 3.7 3.2
2023 January–March 275.7 3,536.8 883.3 31.6 137.6 29.7 28.0 87.5 38.6 10.3 3.7 3.2
February–April 272.4 3,533.3 892.5 33.9 136.5 26.9 27.7 87.4 39.0 11.1 3.7 2.9
March–May 261.7 3,547.6 894.4 35.7 127.4 28.3 26.6 87.8 39.0 12.0 3.5 3.1
April–June 255.2 3,558.3 910.3 41.1 125.3 26.3 25.9 88.2 39.7 13.9 3.4 2.8
May–July 269.2 3,543.3 915.4 40.8 129.2 27.9 27.3 87.8 39.9 13.2 3.5 3.0
June–August 273.8 3,532.9 913.8 42.9 128.5 28.3 27.7 87.6 39.9 13.6 3.5 3.0
July–September 280.6 3,537.8 918.7 39.7 131.3 29.4 28.4 87.8 40.1 12.4 3.6 3.1
August–October 272.7 3,551.3 920.5 43.7 135.5 31.8 27.6 88.2 40.1 13.8 3.7 3.3
September–November 270.0 3,557.9 927.1 43.4 138.1 30.9 27.3 88.4 40.4 13.8 3.7 3.2
October–December 269.0 3,548.9 922.4 46.3 142.6 30.9 27.2 88.3 40.2 14.7 3.9 3.2
November–2024. January 263.0 3,534.2 920.9 46.4 147.8 31.6 26.6 88.0 40.1 15.0 4.0 3.3
December–2024. February 263.0 3,531.4 926.8 49.6 149.2 33.3 26.6 87.9 40.4 15.9 4.1 3.5

Footnotes

*Source: labour force survey. 3 months mean data.
.