Country, group of countries 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Austria 16.7 16.9 18.7 18.3 19.9 21.0 21.5 22.0 22.7 23.9 24.4 24.5 25.2 26.0 26.9 27.3 27.8 27.9 27.3 27.2 27.2
Belgium 20.6 18.4 19.3 20.4 21.5 21.7 22.0 21.9 22.4 23.2 23.7 24.7 24.7 24.3 23.7 24.3 24.7 24.5 24.5 24.9 24.4
Bulgaria .. 3.3 2.7 2.1 2.7 1.9 1.8 1.5 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.5 2.5 2.2 2.0 2.2 1.8 1.9 1.8
Cyprus 7.6 7.4 6.3 7.6 7.5 7.6 6.6 6.4 6.8 7.5 8.3 9.0 9.7 11.9 13.5 13.0 13.4 12.2 10.8 10.2 10.0
Czechia 4.8 4.4 4.3 4.5 4.4 4.4 4.4 4.4 4.3 4.8 5.1 4.7 5.0 5.8 5.5 5.3 5.7 6.2 6.3 6.3 5.7
Denmark 21.4 19.6 20.0 20.3 21.9 21.5 23.0 23.0 23.1 24.6 24.8 24.3 24.1 24.0 23.9 23.8 25.0 24.7 23.9 24.2 23.4
Estonia 6.9 7.4 6.3 6.7 6.9 6.8 6.8 7.1 6.4 9.4 9.8 9.3 9.2 8.9 8.3 9.5 9.9 9.5 11.1 11.3 12.3
Finland 11.9 11.6 12.1 12.5 12.8 13.3 13.5 13.4 12.7 13.3 13.9 14.1 14.1 14.0 14.1 14.1 14.9 15.1 15.1 15.5 14.8
France 16.8 16.3 16.1 16.8 16.9 17.1 17.1 17.2 16.8 17.2 17.6 17.6 17.7 18.1 18.6 18.4 18.3 18.2 18.0 17.5 17.0
Greece 4.4 3.8 4.2 3.9 4.5 4.8 5.5 5.4 5.4 5.9 6.3 6.7 7.7 8.4 9.3 9.4 9.8 9.7 9.1 9.1 8.6
Netherlands 41.0 41.9 43.4 44.6 45.2 45.1 45.0 45.7 46.1 47.0 48.1 48.3 49.0 49.8 49.6 50.0 49.7 49.8 50.1 50.2 50.8
Croatia .. .. 6.5 6.6 6.5 7.8 7.0 6.1 6.5 6.5 7.0 7.2 5.6 5.4 5.3 6.0 5.6 4.8 5.2 4.8 4.5
Ireland 16.6 16.4 16.3 16.7 16.6 .. 16.6 17.9 18.7 21.3 22.4 23.3 23.7 23.7 23.0 22.2 21.9 20.1 19.5 19.7 18.2
Poland 9.3 9.2 9.6 9.3 9.6 9.8 8.9 8.5 7.7 7.7 7.7 7.3 7.2 7.1 7.1 6.8 6.4 6.6 6.4 6.1 5.9
Latvia 10.5 9.4 9.1 9.5 10.2 7.6 5.9 5.6 5.9 8.2 9.4 8.8 8.9 7.5 6.8 7.2 8.5 7.7 7.3 8.4 8.9
Lithuania 8.9 8.4 9.5 8.6 8.4 6.9 10.0 8.6 6.5 7.9 7.8 8.3 8.9 8.4 8.6 7.6 7.1 7.6 7.1 6.4 6.1
Luxembourg 11.2 11.3 11.6 13.4 16.3 17.4 17.1 17.8 17.9 17.6 17.5 18.0 18.5 18.7 18.5 18.5 19.2 19.6 17.8 17.0 18.1
Hungary 3.4 3.3 3.4 4.1 4.3 3.9 3.7 3.9 4.3 5.2 5.5 6.4 6.7 6.4 6.0 5.7 4.8 4.3 4.2 4.4 4.8
Malta 6.1 7.1 8.4 8.9 7.8 9.0 9.7 10.6 11.1 11.0 11.6 12.6 13.2 14.0 15.3 14.3 13.9 13.7 13.2 12.2 11.1
Germany 19.1 19.9 20.3 21.2 21.9 23.4 25.2 25.4 25.1 25.3 25.6 25.9 25.8 26.7 26.5 26.8 26.7 26.9 26.8 27.2 27.9
Italy 8.7 8.9 8.5 8.5 12.4 12.7 13.1 13.4 14.1 14.1 14.8 15.2 16.8 17.6 18.1 18.3 18.5 18.5 18.4 18.7 18.2
Portugal 8.1 8.3 8.4 8.9 8.2 8.2 8.2 8.9 8.8 8.5 8.5 10.3 11.2 11.1 10.1 9.8 9.5 8.9 8.1 8.1 7.5
Romania 14.0 14.3 9.7 10.6 9.2 9.2 8.6 8.6 8.6 8.5 9.9 9.5 9.3 9.0 8.7 8.8 7.4 6.8 6.5 6.1 5.9
Spain 8.0 8.0 8.0 8.2 8.8 12.0 11.6 11.4 11.6 12.4 12.9 13.5 14.4 15.7 15.8 15.6 15.1 14.9 14.5 14.5 13.9
Sweden 21.8 20.2 20.4 22.2 23.1 24.0 24.3 24.2 25.7 26.0 25.8 25.2 25.0 24.7 24.6 24.3 23.9 23.3 22.6 22.5 22.3
Slovakia 1.8 2.4 1.8 2.2 2.5 2.4 2.7 2.5 2.5 3.4 3.8 4.0 4.0 4.5 5.1 5.8 5.8 5.8 4.9 4.5 4.6
Slovenia 5.3 5.3 5.8 5.8 8.3 7.8 8.0 8.1 8.1 9.5 10.3 9.5 9.0 9.3 10.0 10.1 9.3 10.3 9.7 8.4 8.3
EU27_2020 .. .. 14.2 14.6 15.3 16.0 16.3 16.4 16.4 16.9 17.4 17.7 18.1 18.6 18.6 18.7 18.6 18.5 18.3 18.3 18.2
United Kingdom 24.4 24.4 24.5 25.0 25.1 24.2 24.2 24.1 24.2 25.0 25.7 25.6 26.0 25.6 25.4 25.2 25.2 24.9 24.6 24.4 ..
North Macedonia .. .. .. .. .. .. 6.3 6.4 5.6 5.3 5.6 6.0 6.1 4.4 5.8 4.2 4.7 4.1 3.4 4.1 3.7
Norway 25.7 25.6 25.7 28.3 29.1 27.7 28.1 27.5 27.4 27.8 27.6 27.3 27.2 27.0 25.7 26.0 26.0 25.4 25.7 25.8 25.2
Russiaa 7.4 5.2 3.8 5.3 5.4 5.6 5.3 5.1 5.0 4.7 4.3 4.1 4.1 4.3 4.0 4.2 4.3 3.6 3.9 4.0 4.1
Switzerland 29.3 30.7 30.6 31.5 32.0 32.2 32.4 32.5 33.3 33.7 34.2 34.1 34.7 35.1 36.4 36.5 36.9 37.0 37.4 38.0 38.2
Turkey .. .. .. .. .. .. 7.2 7.9 8.7 10.6 11.1 11.3 11.5 11.9 11.1 10.3 9.9 10.0 10.4 9.9 11.8
Israela 15.6 16.3 16.5 16.6 16.8 16.9 16.6 16.1 16.0 16.1 15.2 14.9 16.1 15.9 16.0 15.9 15.5 15.3 15.5 15.1 14.3
Japana 15.9 17.6 17.7 18.2 18.1 18.3 18.0 18.9 19.6 20.3 20.2 20.6 20.5 21.9 22.7 22.7 22.8 22.4 23.9 25.2 25.8
Republic of Koreaa 7.0 7.3 7.6 7.7 8.4 8.9 8.7 8.8 9.3 9.9 10.6 13.5 10.1 11.0 10.3 10.5 10.8 11.4 12.2 14.0 15.4
Canadaa 18.1 18.1 18.8 19.0 18.5 18.4 18.2 18.3 18.5 19.3 19.5 19.2 18.9 19.0 19.2 18.9 19.2 19.2 18.8 19.0 18.0
Australiaa .. 23.8 24.0 24.3 23.8 24.0 23.9 23.7 23.8 24.6 24.8 24.7 24.6 24.9 25.2 25.2 25.9 25.7 25.6 25.5 ..
New Zealanda 22.2 22.3 22.5 22.1 21.8 21.6 21.2 21.9 22.1 22.4 21.8 22.1 22.3 21.9 21.7 21.4 21.1 21.0 20.5 19.5 19.7

Footnotes

*
Source: Eurostat (Luxembourg); OECD (Paris). Download date: September 6, 2021.
a
Data refer to population aged 15 and over.
.