Country, group of countries Employed, thousand persons, 2020 Employment rate, percent
2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Austria 4,224 67.9 67.8 68.1 68.2 65.3 67.4 68.6 69.9 70.8 70.3 70.8 71.1 71.4 71.4 71.1 71.1 71.5 72.2 73.0 73.6 72.4
Belgium 4,741 60.9 59.7 59.7 59.3 60.5 61.1 61.0 62.0 62.4 61.6 62.0 61.9 61.8 61.8 61.9 61.8 62.3 63.1 64.5 65.3 64.7
Bulgaria 3,024 51.5 50.7 51.1 53.1 55.1 55.8 58.6 61.7 64.0 62.6 59.8 58.4 58.8 59.5 61.0 62.9 63.4 66.9 67.7 70.1 68.5
Cyprus 405 65.4 67.9 68.5 69.2 69.4 68.5 69.6 71.0 70.9 69.0 68.9 67.6 64.6 61.7 62.1 62.7 63.7 65.6 68.6 70.5 69.9
Czechia 5,087 64.9 65.0 65.5 64.9 64.1 64.8 65.3 66.1 66.6 65.4 65.0 65.7 66.5 67.7 69.0 70.2 72.0 73.6 74.8 75.1 74.4
Denmark 2,753 76.4 75.9 76.4 75.1 76.0 75.9 77.4 77.0 76.3 73.5 71.8 71.6 71.0 70.7 71.1 72.0 72.7 73.2 74.1 75.0 74.4
Estonia 620 60.9 60.6 61.4 62.4 63.2 64.8 68.4 69.8 70.1 63.8 61.2 65.3 67.1 68.5 69.6 71.9 72.1 74.1 74.8 75.3 73.7
Finland 2,450 68.1 69.1 69.1 68.7 68.3 68.4 69.3 70.3 71.1 68.7 68.1 69.0 69.4 68.9 68.7 68.5 69.1 70.0 72.1 72.9 72.1
France 26,563 61.7 62.7 62.9 64.0 63.4 63.8 63.7 64.3 64.9 64.1 64.0 63.9 64.0 64.0 63.7 63.8 64.2 64.7 65.3 65.6 65.3
Greece 3,780 56.6 56.5 57.6 58.7 59.3 59.6 60.6 60.9 61.4 60.8 59.1 55.1 50.8 48.8 49.4 50.8 52.0 53.5 54.9 56.5 56.3
Netherlands 8,681 72.9 74.1 74.5 73.8 73.1 70.6 71.6 73.5 74.9 74.6 73.9 74.2 74.4 73.6 73.1 74.1 74.8 75.8 77.2 78.2 77.8
Croatia 1,630 .. .. 52.9 53.4 54.9 55.0 55.6 59.0 60.0 59.4 57.4 55.2 53.5 52.5 54.6 56.0 56.9 58.9 60.6 62.1 62.0
Ireland 2,204 64.5 65.2 65.1 65.1 65.5 67.6 68.7 71.7 69.7 63.6 61.0 60.0 59.9 61.7 63.1 64.8 66.4 67.7 68.6 69.5 67.7
Poland 16,049 55.1 53.7 51.7 51.4 51.4 52.8 54.5 57.0 59.2 59.3 58.9 59.3 59.7 60.0 61.7 62.9 64.5 66.1 67.4 68.2 68.7
Latvia 852 57.4 58.1 59.6 60.3 60.5 62.1 65.9 68.1 68.2 60.3 58.5 60.8 63.0 65.0 66.3 68.1 68.7 70.1 71.8 72.3 71.6
Lithuania 1,298 59.6 58.1 60.6 62.8 61.8 62.9 63.6 65.0 64.4 59.9 57.6 60.2 62.0 63.7 65.7 67.2 69.4 70.4 72.4 73.0 71.6
Luxembourg 290 62.7 63.0 63.6 62.2 62.5 63.6 63.6 64.2 63.4 65.2 65.2 64.6 65.8 65.7 66.6 66.1 65.6 66.3 67.1 67.9 67.2
Hungary 4,376 55.9 56.1 56.2 57.0 56.6 56.9 57.4 57.0 56.4 55.0 54.9 55.4 56.7 58.1 61.8 63.9 66.5 68.2 69.2 70.1 69.7
Malta 256 54.5 54.7 55.0 54.6 53.4 53.6 53.9 55.0 55.5 55.3 56.2 57.9 59.9 62.2 63.9 65.1 67.2 69.2 71.9 73.1 73.8
Germany 40,579 65.3 65.7 65.4 64.9 64.3 65.5 67.2 69.0 70.1 70.3 71.3 72.7 73.0 73.5 73.8 74.0 74.7 75.2 75.9 76.7 76.2
Italy 22,223 53.4 54.5 55.4 56.1 57.8 57.6 58.3 58.6 58.6 57.4 56.8 56.8 56.6 55.5 55.7 56.3 57.2 58.0 58.5 59.0 58.1
Portugal 4,557 68.2 68.9 69.1 68.1 67.8 67.3 67.6 67.6 68.0 66.1 65.3 63.8 61.4 60.6 62.6 63.9 65.2 67.8 69.7 70.5 69.0
Romania 8,272 64.2 63.3 58.6 58.7 58.7 57.6 58.8 58.8 59.0 58.6 60.2 59.3 60.2 60.1 61.0 61.4 61.6 63.9 64.8 65.8 65.6
Spain 18,958 56.1 57.7 59.0 60.1 61.1 63.6 65.0 65.8 64.5 60.0 58.8 58.0 55.8 54.8 56.0 57.8 59.5 61.1 62.4 63.3 60.9
Sweden 4,863 71.1 74.4 74.0 73.6 72.4 72.5 73.1 74.2 74.3 72.2 72.1 73.6 73.8 74.4 74.9 75.5 76.2 76.9 77.4 77.1 75.5
Slovakia 2,491 56.3 56.7 56.5 57.9 56.7 57.7 59.4 60.7 62.3 60.2 58.8 59.3 59.7 59.9 61.0 62.7 64.9 66.2 67.6 68.4 67.5
Slovenia 965 62.7 63.6 64.3 62.5 65.6 66.0 66.6 67.8 68.6 67.5 66.2 64.4 64.1 63.3 63.9 65.2 65.8 69.3 71.1 71.8 70.9
EU27_2020 192,190 .. .. 61.2 61.4 61.5 62.2 63.2 64.3 64.8 63.6 63.3 63.4 63.2 63.1 63.8 64.6 65.6 66.7 67.7 68.4 67.6
United Kingdom .. 71.0 71.3 71.2 71.4 71.6 71.8 71.6 71.5 71.5 69.9 69.4 69.3 69.9 70.5 71.9 72.7 73.5 74.1 74.7 75.2 ..
North Macedonia 784 .. .. .. .. .. .. 39.6 40.7 41.9 43.3 43.5 43.9 44.0 46.0 46.9 47.8 49.1 50.5 51.7 54.7 54.7
Norway 2,605 77.9 77.5 77.3 75.6 75.3 74.8 75.4 76.8 78.0 76.4 75.3 75.3 75.7 75.4 75.2 74.8 74.3 74.0 74.8 75.3 74.7
Russia 69,198 63.3 63.2 64.5 64.1 65.5 66.3 66.8 68.5 68.6 66.9 67.3 68.0 69.0 68.8 69.3 69.3 70.0 70.3 71.0 70.8 70.0
Switzerland 4,518 78.3 79.1 78.9 77.9 77.4 77.2 77.9 78.6 79.5 79.0 77.3 78.3 78.5 78.4 78.8 79.2 79.6 79.8 80.1 80.5 79.9
Turkey 26,053 .. .. .. .. .. .. 44.6 44.6 44.9 44.3 46.3 48.4 48.9 49.5 49.5 50.2 50.6 51.5 52.0 50.3 47.5
Israel 3,681 62.1 61.6 60.1 60.1 61.0 62.3 63.2 64.5 65.5 64.3 65.2 65.8 66.5 67.1 67.9 68.3 68.6 69.0 69.0 68.9 66.8
Japan 57,710 68.9 68.8 68.3 68.4 68.7 69.4 70.0 70.7 70.7 70.0 70.1 70.3 70.5 71.7 72.7 73.3 74.3 75.3 76.8 77.7 77.3
Republic of Korea 24,007 62.1 62.8 63.9 63.5 64.3 64.2 64.5 64.6 64.4 63.5 63.8 64.4 64.7 65.0 66.0 66.3 66.4 67.0 66.9 67.1 66.2
United Statesa 137,971 74.1 73.1 71.9 71.2 71.2 71.5 72.0 71.8 70.9 67.6 66.7 66.7 67.1 67.4 68.2 68.7 69.4 70.1 70.7 71.4 67.1
Canada 17,215 70.9 70.8 71.4 72.2 72.5 72.4 72.8 73.5 73.5 71.4 71.5 71.9 72.1 72.4 72.3 72.5 72.6 73.4 73.8 74.4 70.1
Mexico 48,431 60.1 59.4 58.7 58.8 59.1 60.1 61.0 61.0 60.7 59.8 59.7 60.0 60.9 60.8 60.4 60.8 61.1 61.1 61.5 62.2 57.5
Australia 12,095 69.1 69.0 69.4 70.0 70.3 71.6 72.1 72.8 73.2 72.1 72.4 72.7 72.4 72.0 71.6 72.2 72.4 73.0 73.8 74.3 72.7
New Zealand 2,548 70.3 71.4 72.1 72.2 73.2 74.2 74.8 75.1 74.6 72.7 74.2 72.4 71.9 72.7 74.2 74.3 75.6 76.9 77.5 77.5 76.8

Footnotes

*
Source: Eurostat (Luxembourg); ILOSTAT (ILO, Geneva). Download date: September 9, 2021.
a
Data refer to the population aged 16–64.
.