Denomination 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Doing telework in the last four weeks Together Absent from work due to childcare Together Doing telework in the last four weeks Together Absent from work due to childcare Together Doing telework in the last four weeks Together Absent from work due to childcare Together Doing telework in the last four weeks Togethera Absent from work due to childcare Together Doing telework in the last four weeks Togethera Absent from work due to childcare Together Doing telework in the last four weeks Togethera Absent from work due to childcare Together Doing telework in the last four weeks Together Absent from work due to childcare Together Doing telework in the last four weeks Together Absent from work due to childcare Together Doing telework in the last four weeks Together Absent from work due to childcare Together Doing telework in the last four weeks Together Absent from work due to childcare Together
regularly ocassionally no regularly ocassionally no regularly ocassionally no regularly ocassionally no regularly ocassionally no regularly ocassionally no regularly ocassionally no regularly ocassionally no regularly ocassionally no regularly ocassionally no
person person person person person person person person person person
Employees total 43,902 55,443 3,659,673 3,759,018 143,964 3,902,983 59,412 73,305 3,694,497 3,827,214 131,510 3,958,724 72,167 82,236 3,738,359 3,892,761 136,508 4,029,269 51,388 84,561 3,949,238 4,100,839 121,760 4,222,599 45,827 79,040 4,078,866 4,210,497 124,597 4,335,093 40,226 61,542 4,246,438 4,351,637 130,573 4,482,210 42,194 70,199 4,308,989 4,421,382 126,990 4,548,373 48,861 86,979 4,333,628 4,469,468 136,911 4,606,379 35,989 54,374 4,421,758 4,512,121 132,446 4,644,567 150,923 234,145 4,075,392 4,460,459 142,770 4,603,229
Type of labour contract
employee 31,955 39,794 3,230,772 3,302,520 .. .. 41,573 55,167 3,281,380 3,378,120 .. .. 51,679 63,300 3,338,841 3,453,820 .. .. 36,630 67,781 3,531,996 3,636,407 .. .. 33,626 62,302 3,651,073 3,747,000 .. .. 29,318 47,481 3,804,122 3,880,921 .. .. 30,156 50,720 3,883,556 3,964,431 .. .. 30,194 63,186 3,910,523 4,003,904 .. .. 20,946 40,901 3,961,707 4,023,554 .. .. 120,504 197,842 3,604,883 3,923,229 .. ..
not employee 11,947 15,650 428,902 456,498 .. .. 17,839 18,137 413,117 449,093 .. .. 20,488 18,936 399,518 438,941 .. .. 14,757 16,780 417,242 448,779 .. .. 12,201 16,738 427,794 456,734 .. .. 10,908 14,061 442,315 467,284 .. .. 12,038 19,479 425,434 456,951 .. .. 18,667 23,792 423,105 465,564 .. .. 15,043 13,473 460,051 488,567 .. .. 30,419 36,302 470,509 537,230 .. ..
Duration of labour contract
contract of indefinite duration 29,752 36,819 2,936,010 3,002,581 .. .. 38,500 51,540 2,965,923 3,055,963 .. .. 46,695 60,692 2,968,834 3,076,221 .. .. 34,731 65,158 3,143,952 3,243,842 .. .. 31,690 58,359 3,231,336 3,321,385 .. .. 27,540 45,998 3,429,627 3,503,165 .. .. 28,759 49,159 3,537,161 3,615,079 .. .. 29,677 61,943 3,619,757 3,711,377 .. .. 20,107 39,530 3,696,705 3,756,341 .. .. 117,488 193,959 3,380,288 3,691,736 .. ..
fixed-term contract 2,202 2,975 294,762 299,939 .. .. 3,073 3,628 315,457 322,157 .. .. 4,984 2,608 370,007 377,599 .. .. 1,899 2,623 388,043 392,565 .. .. 1,936 3,942 419,736 425,615 .. .. 1,778 1,483 374,495 377,756 .. .. 1,397 1,560 346,395 349,352 .. .. 517 1,243 290,766 292,526 .. .. 839 1,371 265,002 267,212 .. .. 3,015 3,883 224,595 231,493 .. ..
not employee 11,947 15,650 428,902 456,498 .. .. 17,839 18,137 413,117 449,093 .. .. 20,488 18,936 399,518 438,941 .. .. 14,757 16,780 417,242 464,432 .. .. 12,201 16,738 427,794 463,496 .. .. 10,908 14,061 442,315 470,716 .. .. 12,038 19,479 425,434 456,951 .. .. 18,667 23,792 423,105 465,564 .. .. 15,043 13,473 460,051 488,567 .. .. 30,419 36,302 470,509 537,230 .. ..
Part- or full time employment
part-time 5,895 2,557 247,303 255,755 .. .. 7,459 4,799 258,412 270,671 .. .. 6,424 3,569 252,941 262,934 .. .. 5,487 3,891 252,270 261,647 .. .. 4,113 3,528 246,673 254,314 .. .. 4,026 3,138 220,973 228,136 .. .. 3,824 3,074 205,619 212,517 .. .. 3,319 4,694 208,376 216,389 .. .. 3,890 3,394 226,131 233,415 .. .. 11,772 12,356 227,946 252,075 .. ..
full-time 38,007 52,886 3,412,370 3,503,264 .. .. 51,953 68,505 3,436,085 3,556,543 .. .. 65,742 78,667 3,485,418 3,629,827 .. .. 45,901 80,670 3,696,968 3,823,539 .. .. 41,714 75,512 3,832,193 3,949,420 .. .. 36,200 58,404 4,025,465 4,120,069 .. .. 38,370 67,125 4,103,371 4,208,866 .. .. 45,542 82,285 4,125,252 4,253,079 .. .. 32,099 50,980 4,195,627 4,278,706 .. .. 139,150 221,789 3,847,446 4,208,385 .. ..
Working at home
tipically works in his/her own home 18,861 4,672 83,081 106,614 .. .. 26,131 5,424 89,848 121,403 .. .. 34,006 6,753 114,186 154,945 .. .. 24,026 6,043 114,011 144,080 .. .. 22,890 8,069 116,952 147,911 .. .. 26,008 7,496 101,548 135,052 .. .. 25,795 8,180 82,098 116,072 .. .. 35,509 7,816 64,287 107,612 .. .. 23,802 5,435 27,070 56,307 .. .. 101,975 15,024 46,109 163,107 .. ..
occasionally works in his/her own home 13,797 35,284 170,030 219,110 .. .. 17,925 46,536 176,825 241,286 .. .. 18,290 55,026 192,934 266,250 .. .. 9,589 51,551 197,130 258,270 .. .. 7,319 45,094 173,061 225,474 .. .. 7,096 39,396 140,848 187,339 .. .. 5,915 46,814 130,868 183,597 .. .. 8,127 58,525 102,548 169,200 .. .. 5,705 34,153 115,478 155,337 .. .. 33,326 178,651 121,001 332,979 .. ..
newer works in his/her own home 11,244 15,487 3,406,563 3,433,295 .. .. 15,357 21,345 3,427,823 3,464,525 .. .. 19,871 20,456 3,431,239 3,471,566 .. .. 17,772 26,967 3,638,097 3,682,836 .. .. 15,619 25,877 3,788,853 3,830,349 .. .. 7,122 14,651 4,004,041 4,025,814 .. .. 10,485 15,205 4,096,024 4,121,714 .. .. 5,226 20,638 4,166,793 4,192,656 .. .. 6,482 14,786 4,279,210 4,300,477 .. .. 15,622 40,469 3,908,282 3,964,373 .. ..
Number of persons working at the local unit
1–10 persons 22,201 22,740 1,126,375 1,171,316 .. .. 32,647 27,608 1,152,551 1,212,806 .. .. 33,531 26,373 1,050,230 1,110,134 .. .. 20,557 26,481 1,005,110 1,052,148 .. .. 15,795 24,111 957,691 997,597 .. .. 13,817 20,009 935,486 969,311 .. .. 16,562 24,261 913,933 954,756 .. .. 23,174 30,336 945,527 999,036 .. .. 16,665 17,489 998,311 1,032,465 .. .. 40,893 52,292 969,875 1,063,059 .. ..
11–19 persons 3,311 7,324 478,022 488,657 .. .. 5,373 9,898 465,272 480,544 .. .. 5,312 8,647 447,398 461,358 .. .. 2,744 9,918 476,374 489,035 .. .. 3,898 8,070 523,800 535,769 .. .. 3,888 5,267 558,488 567,643 .. .. 2,977 4,947 541,855 549,779 .. .. 3,874 7,406 535,284 546,564 .. .. 3,545 5,484 536,381 545,410 .. .. 11,350 20,576 504,623 536,549 .. ..
20–49 persons 4,656 5,097 549,466 559,219 .. .. 4,027 8,028 544,397 556,452 .. .. 6,291 9,841 583,698 599,830 .. .. 5,389 10,227 624,787 640,404 .. .. 6,611 10,885 656,817 674,313 .. .. 5,195 7,826 696,142 709,163 .. .. 4,683 10,355 704,220 719,258 .. .. 3,670 12,089 723,995 739,754 .. .. 3,380 5,921 718,207 727,508 .. .. 25,119 35,916 649,618 710,653 .. ..
50–299 persons 5,203 8,894 710,944 725,041 .. .. 6,552 13,773 712,536 732,861 .. .. 10,192 14,938 782,106 807,236 .. .. 8,526 15,287 832,644 856,456 .. .. 8,013 16,695 858,291 882,999 .. .. 7,099 11,065 901,173 919,337 .. .. 9,139 15,326 906,719 931,183 .. .. 7,790 18,002 920,552 946,344 .. .. 4,819 11,725 946,728 963,271 .. .. 33,564 62,682 811,587 907,833 .. ..
300–X persons 3,945 5,499 358,806 368,250 .. .. 3,322 6,792 375,856 385,969 .. .. 7,901 13,237 407,888 429,026 .. .. 5,911 13,582 465,223 484,715 .. .. 6,085 12,770 494,084 512,940 .. .. 5,644 10,207 530,797 546,648 .. .. 4,462 8,083 598,424 610,968 .. .. 6,812 12,412 626,559 645,783 .. .. 6,215 11,777 655,558 673,550 .. .. 28,406 43,601 625,618 697,625 .. ..
not known but more than 10 persons 3,493 3,814 346,454 353,762 .. .. 6,270 6,171 348,503 360,944 .. .. 5,925 5,924 368,483 380,332 .. .. 5,880 5,937 442,147 453,964 .. .. 4,471 4,509 472,299 481,280 .. .. 3,997 6,167 500,005 510,170 .. .. 3,505 5,844 519,832 529,180 .. .. 3,027 5,715 482,996 491,737 .. .. 1,179 1,844 456,725 459,749 .. .. 9,548 14,566 410,345 434,459 .. ..
not known but fewer than 11 persons 1,093 2,076 89,605 92,774 .. .. 1,222 1,036 95,381 97,639 .. .. 3,013 3,275 98,556 104,844 .. .. 2,381 3,129 102,953 108,464 .. .. 954 1,999 115,884 118,837 .. .. 586 1,000 124,348 125,934 .. .. 866 1,384 124,008 126,258 .. .. 515 1,019 98,715 100,249 .. .. 186 133 109,848 110,167 .. .. 2,043 4,512 103,727 110,281 .. ..
Ownership of place of work
state, municipal 8,009 10,139 481,969 500,117 .. .. 6,104 15,637 531,894 553,635 .. .. 10,089 14,549 687,543 712,181 .. .. 8,110 12,987 806,491 827,588 .. .. 8,068 14,401 880,646 903,116 .. .. 7,979 9,794 951,904 969,677 .. .. 6,781 9,293 978,689 994,763 .. .. 6,794 14,291 1,008,162 1,029,247 .. .. 4,550 9,276 1,015,005 1,028,831 .. .. 40,568 64,244 875,688 980,499 .. ..
private 30,776 36,014 2,339,238 2,406,028 .. .. 43,933 47,011 2,343,658 2,434,602 .. .. 51,224 58,441 2,354,703 2,464,369 .. .. 38,179 61,961 2,488,187 2,588,327 .. .. 32,956 57,748 2,571,682 2,662,386 .. .. 28,186 45,485 2,702,557 2,776,229 .. .. 30,916 53,803 2,798,793 2,883,512 .. .. 38,787 66,502 2,838,318 2,943,606 .. .. 29,131 41,642 2,910,206 2,980,979 .. .. 95,920 142,998 2,738,855 2,977,774 .. ..
other 5,117 9,290 838,467 852,873 .. .. 9,375 10,657 818,944 838,976 .. .. 10,854 9,245 696,112 716,211 .. .. 5,100 9,612 654,560 669,272 .. .. 4,804 6,891 626,538 638,233 .. .. 4,061 6,263 591,976 602,300 .. .. 4,497 7,103 531,507 543,107 .. .. 3,281 6,186 487,149 496,615 .. .. 2,308 3,456 496,547 502,310 .. .. 14,435 26,903 460,848 502,186 .. ..
Principal activity of employer by industry
A – Agriculture, forestry, fishing 830 1,457 182,297 184,584 .. .. 1,522 1,896 189,251 192,669 .. .. 1,175 1,694 181,761 184,630 .. .. 924 1,703 186,987 189,614 .. .. 1,006 1,045 201,165 203,216 .. .. 408 1,020 215,568 216,996 .. .. 820 1,332 217,859 220,011 .. .. 312 464 214,079 214,855 .. .. 354 459 209,928 210,742 .. .. 1,082 1,586 208,603 211,270 .. ..
B–F – Industry 5,502 9,331 1,146,360 1,161,193 .. .. 10,931 12,511 1,117,331 1,140,773 .. .. 11,911 14,393 1,138,772 1,165,076 .. .. 7,253 18,306 1,223,767 1,249,326 .. .. 4,329 14,382 1,254,534 1,273,244 .. .. 5,592 10,457 1,302,961 1,319,010 .. .. 7,047 11,773 1,371,025 1,389,844 .. .. 7,635 14,374 1,423,871 1,445,880 .. .. 3,920 8,176 1,431,964 1,444,060 .. .. 16,851 35,874 1,366,838 1,419,564 .. ..
of which:
C – Manufacturing 2,606 5,950 791,437 799,993 .. .. 6,213 8,592 774,420 789,225 .. .. 7,206 10,685 801,398 819,289 .. .. 4,652 13,383 870,622 888,657 .. .. 3,425 11,368 886,888 901,682 .. .. 3,312 7,530 928,104 938,946 .. .. 4,656 7,744 975,513 987,913 .. .. 4,571 9,373 989,176 1,003,120 .. .. 2,655 6,567 987,336 996,558 .. .. 11,506 23,473 925,597 960,576 .. ..
G–U – Services 37,569 44,655 2,331,017 2,413,241 .. .. 46,960 58,897 2,387,914 2,493,771 .. .. 59,081 66,148 2,417,826 2,543,054 .. .. 43,211 64,552 2,538,483 2,646,246 .. .. 40,492 63,613 2,623,168 2,727,274 .. .. 34,226 50,065 2,727,909 2,812,200 .. .. 34,327 57,094 2,720,106 2,811,527 .. .. 40,915 72,140 2,695,678 2,808,733 .. .. 31,715 45,738 2,779,865 2,857,319 .. .. 132,990 196,685 2,499,951 2,829,625 .. ..
of which:
G - wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles 5,546 7,802 521,306 534,654 .. .. 7,628 7,180 524,486 539,295 .. .. 7,982 8,636 511,965 528,582 .. .. 6,746 9,416 532,057 548,219 .. .. 6,266 8,842 524,297 539,405 .. .. 5,032 6,388 532,589 544,009 .. .. 5,620 7,146 537,709 550,475 .. .. 6,834 9,895 531,824 548,553 .. .. 2,447 5,202 562,399 570,048 .. .. 11,668 20,353 540,073 572,094 .. ..
J – information and communication 6,089 6,984 76,720 89,793 .. .. 8,157 8,766 85,089 102,012 .. .. 13,621 12,911 84,469 111,000 .. .. 10,536 13,203 79,022 102,761 .. .. 8,754 10,991 82,819 102,564 .. .. 6,707 11,669 101,248 119,624 .. .. 5,287 10,483 94,080 109,850 .. .. 7,300 15,261 93,743 116,304 .. .. 11,199 12,258 109,075 132,533 .. .. 27,906 28,770 88,382 145,057 .. ..
K – financial and insurance activities 1,979 2,740 85,970 90,689 .. .. 2,538 3,210 85,894 91,642 .. .. 3,237 4,507 88,395 96,139 .. .. 2,712 4,000 88,501 95,213 .. .. 2,406 4,377 80,590 87,372 .. .. 1,024 2,423 91,551 94,998 .. .. 1,175 3,416 88,973 93,564 .. .. 4,001 6,560 79,433 89,994 .. .. 1,832 2,937 71,674 76,442 .. .. 10,214 14,963 59,174 84,351 .. ..
M – professional, scientific and technical activities 6,060 4,956 123,223 134,239 .. .. 7,904 7,791 115,367 131,062 .. .. 11,367 10,373 127,094 148,833 .. .. 5,899 11,059 134,650 151,608 .. .. 6,247 12,792 137,864 156,903 .. .. 5,360 8,236 138,001 151,597 .. .. 6,384 9,897 140,425 156,706 .. .. 7,898 14,000 131,066 152,964 .. .. 6,902 8,064 153,413 168,378 .. .. 24,245 38,543 124,640 187,428 .. ..
N – administrative and support service activities 2,127 2,438 105,942 110,508 .. .. 2,561 2,974 125,645 131,180 .. .. 1,825 3,165 131,946 136,937 .. .. 3,168 3,577 139,442 146,187 .. .. 3,112 2,822 147,537 153,471 .. .. 2,553 3,108 154,811 160,471 .. .. 1,218 3,845 148,630 153,693 .. .. 2,270 5,442 141,926 149,639 .. .. 1,685 2,004 136,119 139,807 .. .. 5,055 7,040 125,264 137,359 .. ..
O – public administration and defence; compulsory social security 4,406 4,108 299,591 308,106 .. .. 4,322 5,981 312,107 322,410 .. .. 5,261 3,384 357,109 365,754 .. .. 3,204 4,070 395,274 402,548 .. .. 3,350 4,657 438,378 446,385 .. .. 2,794 3,455 465,580 471,828 .. .. 2,129 3,023 455,329 460,481 .. .. 1,616 4,030 418,569 424,215 .. .. 1,100 2,476 403,613 407,189 .. .. 9,089 17,336 367,421 393,847 .. ..
P – education 2,948 6,618 308,140 317,706 .. .. 4,738 10,064 300,774 315,577 .. .. 8,115 10,248 291,100 309,463 .. .. 4,141 7,201 312,048 323,390 .. .. 3,202 6,379 308,694 318,275 .. .. 3,622 4,963 313,235 321,820 .. .. 4,065 5,623 315,057 324,745 .. .. 4,895 6,010 332,937 343,842 .. .. 2,723 4,141 338,618 345,481 .. .. 28,124 42,788 260,616 331,528 .. ..
Q – human health and social work activities 2,375 2,261 246,428 251,064 .. .. 1,666 3,308 258,972 263,947 .. .. 1,200 2,375 257,995 261,570 .. .. 453 2,455 264,112 267,020 .. .. 1,750 2,475 265,251 269,476 .. .. 1,876 2,458 272,834 277,167 .. .. 1,047 1,755 282,422 285,223 .. .. 844 1,313 303,895 306,052 .. .. 442 1,287 316,516 318,245 .. .. 2,384 7,410 311,896 321,690 .. ..
R – arts, entertainment and recreation 1,241 1,692 56,919 59,852 .. .. 1,145 3,273 58,702 63,120 .. .. 870 2,815 52,445 56,130 .. .. 1,890 1,272 59,990 63,152 .. .. 2,017 3,152 74,968 80,137 .. .. 922 1,226 76,785 78,933 .. .. 1,168 1,494 67,557 70,219 .. .. 1,051 3,683 74,230 78,964 .. .. 190 3,082 76,836 80,109 .. .. 5,829 5,544 68,918 80,291 .. ..
S–U – other activities 1,027 1,474 79,794 82,295 .. .. 1,569 1,949 86,582 90,101 .. .. 1,953 2,031 86,596 90,580 .. .. 1,152 1,527 96,354 99,033 .. .. 680 1,695 100,093 102,469 .. .. 647 1,102 98,360 100,108 .. .. 2,120 2,406 92,943 97,469 .. .. 1,852 1,004 99,705 102,562 .. .. 495 1,399 102,463 104,358 .. .. 1,262 3,112 97,773 102,147 .. ..
Major occupational groups (FEOR-08)
FEOR 1 – Managers 7,249 6,039 202,917 216,204 .. .. 5,898 9,009 175,335 190,241 .. .. 4,814 10,660 169,404 184,879 .. .. 4,189 10,115 185,851 200,155 .. .. 4,809 7,689 186,386 198,883 .. .. 4,164 5,953 192,453 202,571 .. .. 5,168 8,174 190,010 203,352 .. .. 4,068 6,490 187,191 197,750 .. .. 2,990 3,953 167,898 174,842 .. .. 7,615 16,138 145,937 169,690 .. ..
FEOR 2 – Professionals 15,900 20,270 566,896 603,066 .. .. 23,633 30,318 576,298 630,250 .. .. 34,577 34,667 567,128 636,371 .. .. 22,631 36,824 588,217 647,673 .. .. 22,085 36,066 610,738 668,888 .. .. 15,805 25,808 623,096 664,709 .. .. 15,197 27,630 614,675 657,501 .. .. 22,064 40,918 628,876 691,859 .. .. 17,294 31,801 717,266 766,361 .. .. 95,903 141,228 620,209 857,340 .. ..
FEOR 3 – Technicians and other associate professionals 9,289 13,740 541,051 564,081 .. .. 13,612 16,590 560,290 590,493 .. .. 17,155 19,375 591,338 627,868 .. .. 14,011 18,628 631,868 664,507 .. .. 10,451 15,887 649,088 675,426 .. .. 9,852 13,123 684,513 707,488 .. .. 11,226 16,161 703,351 730,738 .. .. 11,065 23,985 681,655 716,705 .. .. 10,541 12,398 686,975 709,915 .. .. 28,190 46,034 617,057 691,282 .. ..
FEOR 4 – Office and management (customer services) occupations 4,544 3,271 265,538 273,354 .. .. 7,667 3,790 261,867 273,324 .. .. 6,342 5,235 252,679 264,256 .. .. 4,031 4,777 277,909 286,717 .. .. 3,497 4,832 287,843 296,172 .. .. 3,532 3,547 296,459 303,538 .. .. 2,857 4,214 293,221 300,292 .. .. 3,509 6,283 309,503 319,295 .. .. 1,871 2,191 308,387 312,449 .. .. 12,299 17,897 266,481 296,677 .. ..
FEOR 5 – Commercial and services occupations 3,537 4,984 564,150 572,670 .. .. 4,121 5,446 585,152 594,719 .. .. 4,885 4,285 588,559 597,729 .. .. 3,899 5,782 600,573 610,254 .. .. 3,253 5,709 625,585 634,548 .. .. 3,763 5,175 637,463 646,401 .. .. 4,306 6,573 639,414 650,293 .. .. 5,630 4,216 637,763 647,609 .. .. 1,730 1,682 672,301 675,713 .. .. 4,908 6,288 630,145 641,340 .. ..
Other occupations 3,382 7,140 1,519,122 1,529,644 .. .. 4,482 8,151 1,535,554 1,548,187 .. .. 4,393 8,014 1,569,251 1,581,658 .. .. 2,627 8,435 1,664,819 1,691,533 .. .. 1,733 8,858 1,719,226 1,736,580 .. .. 3,110 7,936 1,812,453 1,826,931 .. .. 3,440 7,448 1,868,319 1,879,207 .. .. 2,524 5,086 1,888,640 1,896,251 .. .. 1,563 2,348 1,868,930 1,872,841 .. .. 2,008 6,560 1,795,562 1,804,130 .. ..

Footnotes

*
Source: Labour Force Survey, HCSO.
a
Participants in training programs complementary to public work employment are considered employed in accordance with EU recommendations, but their activities were not classified with regard to teleworking between 2014 and 2016, therefore the number of employees broken down by telework does not give the total number of employees during this period.
.