Year Employed Unemployed Economically active Economically inactive Population aged 15–74 Of which: Potential labour reserve Activity rate Unemployment rate Employment rate
thousand persons %
Total
2009 3,894.5 417.4 4,311.9 3,364.3 7,676.2 674.4 56.2 9.7 50.7
2010 3,873.8 469.1 4,342.9 3,319.8 7,662.7 738.2 56.7 10.8 50.6
2011 3,903.0 465.4 4,368.4 3,280.9 7,649.3 763.4 57.1 10.7 51.0
2012 3,958.7 472.8 4,431.5 3,204.3 7,635.8 790.3 58.0 10.7 51.8
2013 4,029.3 440.2 4,469.5 3,140.2 7,609.7 765.2 58.7 9.8 52.9
2014 4,222.6 342.9 4,565.5 3,007.8 7,573.2 621.2 60.3 7.5 55.8
2015 4,335.1 307.7 4,642.8 2,895.2 7,537.9 533.8 61.6 6.6 57.5
2016 4,482.2 234.5 4,716.7 2,790.9 7,507.5 419.0 62.8 5.0 59.7
2017 4,548.4 191.6 4,739.9 2,720.4 7,460.4 357.4 63.5 4.0 61.0
2018 4,606.4 171.8 4,778.2 2,654.0 7,432.2 315.4 64.3 3.6 62.0
2019 4,644.6 158.9 4,803.5 2,615.6 7,419.0 298.9 64.7 3.3 62.6
2020 4,603.2 197.6 4,800.8 2,607.9 7,408.7 379.8 64.8 4.1 62.1
2021 4,634.6 195.7 4,830.2 2,528.9 7,359.1
356.3a
65.6 4.1 63.0
Male
2009 2,026.0 231.8 2,257.8 1,418.9 3,676.7 359.0 61.4 10.3 55.1
2010 1,993.9 261.7 2,255.7 1,418.2 3,673.9 392.9 61.4 11.6 54.3
2011 2,022.7 251.5 2,274.1 1,397.7 3,671.9 399.5 61.9 11.1 55.1
2012 2,049.4 262.1 2,311.5 1,364.8 3,676.3 411.8 62.9 11.3 55.7
2013 2,104.6 239.3 2,343.9 1,323.8 3,667.7 395.5 63.9 10.2 57.4
2014 2,220.9 181.7 2,402.6 1,251.2 3,653.8 317.0 65.8 7.6 60.8
2015 2,284.1 161.9 2,446.0 1,195.3 3,641.3 272.7 67.2 6.6 62.7
2016 2,362.7 127.5 2,490.2 1,141.8 3,632.0 215.1 68.6 5.1 65.1
2017 2,417.4 95.7 2,513.2 1,099.4 3,612.5 172.1 69.6 3.8 66.9
2018 2,446.2 88.1 2,534.4 1,070.4 3,604.8 153.8 70.3 3.5 67.9
2019 2,480.1 86.1 2,566.2 1,040.3 3,606.4 150.8 71.2 3.4 68.8
2020 2,462.1 104.2 2,566.3 1,042.1 3,608.4 185.9 71.1 4.1 68.2
2021 2,471.8 99.9 2,571.7 1,012.0 3,583.7
173.2a
71.8 3.9 69.0
Female
2009 1,868.5 185.6 2,054.1 1,945.5 3,999.5 315.4 51.4 9.0 46.7
2010 1,879.9 207.4 2,087.2 1,901.6 3,988.8 345.3 52.3 9.9 47.1
2011 1,880.3 214.0 2,094.3 1,883.2 3,977.4 363.9 52.7 10.2 47.3
2012 1,909.3 210.7 2,120.0 1,839.5 3,959.5 378.5 53.5 9.9 48.2
2013 1,924.7 201.0 2,125.6 1,816.4 3,942.0 369.8 53.9 9.5 48.8
2014 2,001.7 161.1 2,162.8 1,756.6 3,919.4 304.2 55.2 7.5 51.1
2015 2,051.0 145.7 2,196.8 1,699.9 3,896.7 261.1 56.4 6.6 52.6
2016 2,119.5 107.0 2,226.5 1,649.1 3,875.6 203.8 57.4 4.8 54.7
2017 2,130.9 95.8 2,226.8 1,621.0 3,847.8 185.2 57.9 4.3 55.4
2018 2,160.2 83.7 2,243.9 1,583.5 3,827.4 161.6 58.6 3.7 56.4
2019 2,164.5 72.8 2,237.3 1,575.3 3,812.6 148.1 58.7 3.3 56.8
2020 2,141.2 93.4 2,234.5 1,565.8 3,800.3 193.9 58.8 4.2 56.3
2021 2,162.8 95.8 2,258.6 1,516.8 3,775.4
183.0a
59.8 4.2 57.3

Footnotes

*
Source: labour force survey of the population, HCSO.
a
From 2021, the potential labor reserve determin according to the Eurostat methodology.
.