Country, group of countries 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022
Quarter 1 Quarter 2 Quarter 3 Quarter 4 Quarter 1 Quarter 2 Quarter 3 Quarter 4 Quarter 1 Quarter 2 Quarter 3 Quarter 4 Quarter 1 Quarter 2 Quarter 3 Quarter 4 Quarter 1 Quarter 2 Quarter 3 Quarter 4
Austria 5.3 4.7 5.0 4.7 5.0 4.5 4.5 4.2 4.7 5.7 5.8 5.5 8.0 6.6 5.4 5.1 5.3 4.3 4.8 4.8
Belgium 6.2 6.1 5.9 5.8 5.7 5.4 5.4 5.2 5.1 4.9 6.5 5.8 6.7 6.2 6.6 5.8 5.4 5.7 5.7 5.7
Bulgaria 5.8 5.5 5.0 4.7 5.1 4.2 3.7 4.1 4.6 6.0 4.9 5.3 6.4 5.7 4.6 4.6 5.0 4.7 3.7 3.9
Cyprus 11.0 7.5 8.0 7.7 9.0 6.6 6.9 6.5 7.4 7.0 8.5 8.2 8.8 8.6 6.8 6.4 6.8 7.0 6.9 7.1
Czechia 2.4 2.2 2.4 2.1 2.1 1.9 2.2 2.1 2.0 2.4 2.9 3.1 3.4 3.1 2.8 2.3 2.5 2.4 2.3 2.3
Denmark 5.7 5.1 5.1 5.2 5.6 4.8 5.1 5.1 5.3 5.3 6.5 5.9 6.5 4.8 4.9 4.4 4.7 4.0 4.8 4.7
Estonia 7.0 5.1 5.4 4.5 4.8 5.4 4.1 4.3 5.3 7.7 7.8 7.8 7.3 7.1 6.0 5.4 5.8 6.1 5.9 5.6
Finland 8.9 8.4 6.7 6.1 7.2 7.8 6.2 6.2 7.3 9.1 7.9 7.6 8.6 9.2 7.0 6.4 7.2 7.3 6.8 6.3
France 9.7 8.8 8.9 9.1 9.1 8.1 8.3 8.5 8.2 6.8 9.0 8.3 8.4 7.7 8.0 7.7 7.6 7.2 7.4 7.4
Greece 21.4 19.2 18.4 18.8 19.4 17.0 16.5 16.9 16.4 16.8 16.3 16.4 17.3 15.9 13.2 13.4 13.9 12.5 11.8 12.1
Netherlands 4.4 3.9 3.6 3.5 3.7 3.3 3.2 3.3 3.3 3.8 4.3 4.0 4.9 4.4 4.0 3.7 3.6 3.3 3.7 3.5
Croatia 10.5 7.7 7.4 8.7 7.6 6.2 5.8 7.3 7.1 6.5 7.5 9.2 10.0 7.9 6.3 6.3 7.2 7.4 6.8 6.8
Ireland 5.8 6.2 6.1 5.5 4.9 5.5 5.4 4.6 4.7 5.2 7.3 5.9 7.2 7.4 5.9 5.0 4.9 4.6 4.6 4.3
Poland 4.2 3.6 3.9 3.9 4.0 3.3 3.2 2.9 3.2 3.2 3.3 3.2 4.1 3.6 3.1 2.9 3.2 2.7 3.0 2.9
Latvia 8.4 7.9 7.1 7.0 7.1 6.6 6.2 6.2 7.9 8.9 8.6 8.2 8.3 8.2 7.5 7.5 7.5 6.9 7.1 6.9
Lithuania 7.4 6.1 5.8 6.1 6.7 6.3 6.3 6.6 7.4 8.9 9.6 9.4 7.7 7.7 7.0 7.2 6.6 5.5 6.1 6.7
Luxembourg 5.6 5.5 6.1 5.3 5.4 5.3 5.9 5.8 6.3 6.4 7.9 6.6 5.6 5.7 5.6 4.3 4.1 4.5 5.1 4.6
Hungary 3.9 3.6 3.9 3.6 3.6 3.4 3.5 3.4 3.8 4.7 4.5 4.2 4.5 4.1 3.9 3.7 3.8 3.2 3.7 3.9
Malta 3.9 3.8 3.6 3.6 3.8 3.6 3.8 3.6 3.5 4.7 5.0 4.5 3.9 3.5 3.4 2.9 2.9 3.0 3.0 2.9
Germany 3.7 3.5 3.4 3.2 3.4 3.1 3.2 3.1 .. .. .. .. 4.2 3.8 3.4 3.2 3.1 3.0 3.2 3.0
Italy 11.8 10.9 9.5 11.0 11.3 10.0 9.3 10.1 9.6 7.9 10.2 9.7 10.9 9.8 9.0 9.2 8.9 8.1 7.8 8.1
Portugal 8.2 7.0 7.0 6.9 7.0 6.5 6.4 6.9 6.9 5.8 8.1 7.5 7.3 6.8 6.3 6.5 6.1 5.9 6.0 6.7
Romania 4.8 4.3 4.0 4.2 4.2 3.9 4.0 4.0 4.4 5.5 5.4 5.4 6.1 5.1 5.3 5.9 6.0 5.3 5.4 5.8
Spain 16.8 15.4 14.6 14.5 14.8 14.1 14.0 13.9 14.5 15.4 16.4 16.3 16.1 15.4 14.7 13.4 13.7 12.6 12.8 13.0
Sweden 6.8 7.1 6.1 6.0 7.5 7.3 6.7 6.5 7.8 9.4 8.9 8.1 10.0 10.1 8.4 7.6 8.3 8.6 6.6 6.9
Slovakia 7.2 6.7 6.4 6.1 5.9 5.8 5.9 5.7 6.0 6.7 7.3 7.0 7.2 7.0 6.8 6.6 6.4 6.2 6.1 6.1
Slovenia 6.0 5.3 5.1 4.4 4.9 4.3 4.8 4.0 4.6 5.2 5.2 5.1 5.7 4.4 4.5 4.5 4.3 4.2 4.0 3.4
EU27_2020 8.1 7.4 7.0 7.2 7.3 6.7 6.6 6.7 6.9 6.8 7.7 7.4 7.9 7.3 6.8 6.5 6.5 6.1 6.1 6.2
United Kingdom 4.2 4.0 4.3 3.9 3.8 3.8 4.0 3.7 3.9 3.9 5.0 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Footnotes

*Download date: 20 March 2023.
Source: Eurostat (Luxembourg).
.