Country, group of countries 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023
Quarter 1 Quarter 2 Quarter 3 Quarter 4 Quarter 1 Quarter 2 Quarter 3 Quarter 4 Quarter 1 Quarter 2 Quarter 3 Quarter 4 Quarter 1 Quarter 2 Quarter 3 Quarter 4 Quarter 1 Quarter 2 Quarter 3 Quarter 4
Austria 5.0 4.5 4.5 4.2 4.7 5.7 5.8 5.5 8.0 6.6 5.4 5.1 5.3 4.3 4.8 4.8 5.6 4.8 5.2 5.0
Belgium 5.7 5.4 5.4 5.2 5.1 4.9 6.5 5.8 6.7 6.2 6.6 5.8 5.4 5.7 5.7 5.7 5.7 5.5 5.6 5.5
Bulgaria 5.1 4.2 3.7 4.1 4.6 6.0 4.9 5.3 6.4 5.7 4.6 4.6 4.8 4.6 3.6 3.8 4.5 4.7 4.1 4.3
Cyprus 9.0 6.6 6.9 6.5 7.4 7.0 8.5 8.2 8.8 8.6 6.8 6.4 6.8 7.0 6.9 7.1 6.9 6.1 5.9 6.1
Czechia 2.1 1.9 2.2 2.1 2.0 2.4 2.9 3.1 3.4 3.1 2.8 2.3 2.3 2.2 2.3 2.3 2.7 2.6 2.7 2.6
Denmark 5.6 4.8 5.1 5.1 5.3 5.3 6.5 5.9 6.5 4.8 4.9 4.4 4.7 4.0 4.8 4.7 5.1 4.7 5.0 6.0
Estonia 4.8 5.4 4.1 4.3 5.3 7.7 7.8 7.8 7.3 7.1 6.0 5.4 5.8 6.1 5.9 5.6 5.4 7.0 7.5 6.6
Finland 7.2 7.8 6.2 6.2 7.3 9.1 7.9 7.6 8.6 9.2 7.0 6.4 7.2 7.3 6.8 6.3 7.2 8.1 7.0 7.0
France 9.1 8.1 8.3 8.5 8.2 6.8 9.0 8.3 8.4 7.7 8.0 7.7 7.6 7.2 7.4 7.4 7.3 7.0 7.6 7.8
Greece 19.4 17.0 16.5 16.9 16.4 16.8 16.3 16.4 17.3 15.9 13.2 13.4 13.9 12.5 11.8 12.1 11.9 11.3 10.9 10.6
Netherlands 3.7 3.3 3.2 3.3 3.3 3.8 4.3 4.0 4.9 4.4 4.0 3.7 3.6 3.3 3.7 3.5 3.7 3.4 3.6 3.4
Croatia 7.6 6.2 5.8 7.3 7.1 6.5 7.5 9.2 10.0 7.9 6.3 6.3 7.2 7.4 6.8 6.8 7.4 5.7 5.6 6.0
Ireland 4.9 5.5 5.4 4.6 4.7 5.2 7.3 5.9 7.2 7.4 5.8 5.0 4.9 4.6 4.5 4.2 4.1 4.5 4.8 4.3
Poland 3.9 3.2 3.1 2.9 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.1 4.1 3.6 3.1 2.9 3.1 2.7 3.0 2.9 3.0 2.6 2.8 3.1
Latvia 7.1 6.6 6.2 6.2 7.9 8.9 8.6 8.2 8.3 8.2 7.5 7.5 7.5 6.9 7.1 6.9 6.7 6.6 6.7 7.1
Lithuania 6.7 6.3 6.3 6.6 7.4 8.9 9.6 9.4 7.7 7.7 7.0 7.2 6.6 5.5 6.1 6.7 8.1 6.2 6.5 7.8
Luxembourg 5.4 5.3 5.9 5.8 6.3 6.4 7.9 6.6 5.6 5.7 5.6 4.3 4.1 4.5 5.1 4.6 4.9 4.9 5.5 5.5
Hungary 3.6 3.4 3.5 3.4 3.8 4.7 4.5 4.2 4.5 4.1 3.9 3.7 3.8 3.2 3.7 3.9 4.1 3.9 4.1 4.5
Malta 4.3 4.0 4.3 4.1 3.9 5.0 5.6 5.2 4.2 3.9 3.8 3.2 3.6 3.8 3.4 3.2 3.5 3.2 3.1 2.9
Germany 3.4 3.1 3.2 3.1 .. .. .. .. 4.3 3.8 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.3 3.0 3.2 3.1 3.2 3.1
Italy 11.2 9.9 9.2 10.0 9.6 7.8 10.3 9.8 10.9 9.8 9.0 9.2 8.9 8.1 7.8 8.1 8.5 7.6 7.4 7.7
Portugal 7.0 6.5 6.4 6.9 6.9 5.8 8.1 7.4 7.5 6.9 6.4 6.6 6.2 6.1 6.2 6.7 7.4 6.2 6.3 6.8
Romania 4.2 3.9 4.0 4.0 4.4 5.5 5.4 5.4 6.1 5.1 5.3 5.9 6.0 5.3 5.4 5.8 5.8 5.4 5.4 5.9
Spain 14.8 14.1 14.0 13.9 14.5 15.4 16.4 16.3 16.3 15.5 14.8 13.6 13.8 12.8 12.8 13.1 13.5 11.7 12.0 11.9
Sweden 7.5 7.3 6.7 6.5 7.8 9.4 8.9 8.1 10.0 10.2 8.5 7.7 8.3 8.6 6.7 6.9 8.0 8.5 7.3 7.6
Slovakia 5.9 5.8 5.9 5.7 6.0 6.7 7.3 7.0 7.2 7.0 6.8 6.6 6.4 6.2 6.1 6.1 6.3 5.8 6.0 5.7
Slovenia 4.9 4.3 4.8 4.0 4.6 5.2 5.2 5.1 5.7 4.4 4.5 4.5 4.3 4.2 4.0 3.4 3.7 3.5 3.9 3.4
EU27_2020 7.3 6.7 6.6 6.6 6.9 6.8 7.7 7.4 8.0 7.3 6.8 6.6 6.6 6.1 6.2 6.2 6.4 5.9 6.1 6.1
United Kingdom 3.8 3.8 4.0 3.7 3.9 3.9 5.0 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Footnotes

*Download date: 21 May 2024.
Source: Eurostat (Luxembourg).
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