Country, group of countries 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022
Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4
Austria 102.7 102.3 102.0 102.7 102.3 101.8 101.8 100.1 97.1 86.4 95.8 94.4 95.9 112.5 105.4 106.1 108.6 106.2 101.8
Belgium 101.4 101.6 102.0 102.2 102.1 102.2 102.5 102.2 99.0 87.2 96.7 95.6 99.8 114.6 105.0 106.1 105.3 104.1 ..
Bulgaria 102.5 102.7 103.0 103.3 104.1 104.4 103.5 103.8 98.6 92.8 96.0 96.6 103.1 109.8 107.9 107.6 105.3 104.8 ..
Cyprus 105.9 105.5 105.5 105.7 105.4 105.9 105.9 104.9 101.9 89.5 94.1 97.0 99.3 112.8 108.6 106.6 106.6 106.3 105.4
Czechia 104.7 102.8 102.7 102.6 103.0 103.1 103.0 102.8 98.5 89.2 94.8 95.4 98.1 109.1 103.8 103.5 104.6 103.7 101.6
Denmark 102.0 101.4 102.4 102.1 101.4 101.9 101.8 100.9 100.9 93.6 98.6 99.0 100.2 109.0 103.9 106.6 104.9 103.9 ..
Estonia 104.4 103.5 104.0 103.6 104.4 103.7 103.1 103.2 102.4 95.3 99.5 101.0 102.9 113.5 109.2 107.2 104.5 100.3 ..
Finland 102.6 101.2 100.7 100.0 100.5 101.4 101.6 101.4 100.5 93.5 98.1 99.1 98.9 107.1 103.1 103.0 103.8 103.2 102.1
France 102.3 102.0 101.5 101.5 102.1 102.4 102.0 101.1 94.8 81.4 96.4 95.8 101.5 118.6 103.6 105.1 104.7 104.2 101.0
Greece 102.1 101.7 100.4 102.0 101.2 102.2 102.3 101.4 98.6 84.5 89.2 93.1 98.2 115.0 111.7 108.3 108.0 107.7 ..
Netherlands 102.8 102.6 102.1 101.8 102.0 101.8 101.9 101.9 99.7 91.5 96.9 96.5 97.9 110.3 105.6 106.2 106.5 105.2 103.1
Croatia 101.8 103.9 102.8 103.0 104.7 103.5 102.7 103.3 100.8 85.8 89.4 93.0 99.3 116.7 114.7 110.1 106.8 107.8 ..
Ireland 112.3 112.8 107.6 103.3 105.2 104.7 106.2 106.4 107.5 99.8 110.9 104.2 110.7 119.5 110.2 113.9 111.0 110.8 ..
Poland 105.7 106.2 105.9 105.6 105.1 104.6 104.1 103.7 103.1 92.7 98.3 97.8 99.5 112.0 107.1 108.7 110.5 105.6 ..
Latvia 103.2 103.9 104.7 104.9 104.1 103.0 101.8 101.2 100.5 92.9 98.2 99.7 99.4 109.4 104.4 102.5 105.1 102.9 ..
Lithuania 103.8 104.0 103.9 104.3 105.0 104.9 104.4 104.3 103.2 96.6 99.7 100.4 102.1 109.7 106.5 105.8 104.1 102.8 102.5
Luxembourg 102.8 100.8 100.6 100.9 101.0 103.3 102.4 102.6 101.0 93.7 101.5 100.7 103.9 110.8 102.0 104.1 102.7 101.6 ..
Hungary 105.5 105.2 105.7 105.3 105.5 104.9 104.7 104.3 101.7 86.9 95.7 96.7 98.4 117.6 106.6 107.4 108.0 106.5 104.1
Malta 104.2 106.3 107.2 106.8 106.9 106.2 104.6 106.2 101.2 85.0 89.1 92.1 99.9 116.3 114.0 111.6 108.1 108.9 ..
Germany 101.9 101.8 100.2 100.1 101.4 100.5 101.5 100.9 98.8 89.6 97.5 97.9 97.8 110.2 101.8 101.2 103.5 101.7 101.1
Italy 101.3 100.9 100.6 100.4 100.7 100.8 100.8 99.7 93.6 82.1 93.9 93.9 100.1 116.7 104.8 106.5 106.4 104.9 102.6
Portugal 102.8 103.1 102.9 102.7 102.8 102.6 102.5 102.8 97.4 82.2 93.8 93.4 95.1 117.0 105.0 106.6 112.0 107.4 ..
Romania 105.3 105.9 106.1 105.6 104.9 104.1 103.3 103.0 102.7 92.1 95.0 97.7 98.7 111.0 107.6 104.6 104.4 103.9 104.7
Spain 102.6 102.2 102.1 102.2 102.4 102.2 101.9 101.5 95.3 78.1 90.8 90.5 95.6 117.9 104.2 106.6 106.7 106.8 103.8
Sweden 102.8 102.5 100.9 101.9 102.1 101.7 102.6 101.7 101.0 92.3 99.0 98.5 100.1 109.8 104.2 105.7 104.1 104.0 102.6
Slovakia 103.9 104.2 104.4 103.7 103.6 102.7 101.9 101.9 98.2 90.7 98.8 98.7 100.1 110.2 101.3 101.1 102.9 101.3 101.2
Slovenia 104.5 104.7 105.1 104.1 104.5 102.9 103.0 103.3 97.7 88.3 98.1 96.3 102.6 115.5 105.1 110.7 109.3 107.9 103.9
EU27_2020 102.6 102.4 101.7 101.5 102.1 101.8 102.0 101.4 97.7 86.6 96.3 96.2 99.3 113.8 104.2 105.0 105.6 104.3 102.4
United Kingdom 101.1 101.2 101.4 101.2 101.7 101.5 101.4 101.2 97.8 79.0 91.3 92.2 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
USAa 103.1 103.3 103.2 102.3 102.2 102.1 102.3 102.6 100.8 91.6 98.0 98.5 101.2 112.5 105.0 105.7 103.7 101.8 101.8
Japanb 101.4 101.4 100.0 99.7 100.0 100.0 100.6 97.9 98.0 89.8 94.7 99.1 98.3 107.3 101.2 100.5 100.9 101.6 101.9

Footnotes

*Source: Eurostat (Luxembourg). Seasonally and calendar adjusted data. Download date: November 18, 2022.
aAccording to SNA 2008 methodology.
bAccording to SNA 1993 methodology.
Source: Eurostat (Luxembourg)
.