Countries Area, thousand km²a Mid-year population, millions Population density, persons per km² Capital Population of the Capital, thousand persons
Austria 83.9 8.84 105 Vienna 1,901
Belgium 30.5 11.43 375 Brussels
2,050b
Bulgaria 110.4 7.03 64 Sofia
1,272b
Cyprus 9.3 0.87 94 Nicosia 269
Czechia 78.9 10.63 135 Prague 1,292
Denmark 42.9 5.79 135 Copenhagen
1,321c
Estonia 45.2 1.32 29 Tallinn 437
Finland
336.9d
5.52 16 Helsinki 1,279
Francee 551.5 66.98 121 Paris 10,901
Greece 132.0
10.73f
81f
Athens
3,156b
Netherlands 41.5 17.23 415 Amsterdam 1,132
Croatia 56.6 4.09 72 Zagreb 686
Ireland 69.8 4.87 70 Dublin 1,201
Poland 312.7 37.97 121 Warsaw 1,768
Latvia 64.6 1.93 30 Riga 637
Lithuania 65.3 2.80 43 Vilnius 536
Luxembourg 2.6 0.61 235 Luxembourg 120
Hungary 93.0 9.78 105 Budapest 1,750
Malta 0.3 0.48 1,539 La Valletta
213g
Germany 357.6 82.91 232 Berlin 3,552
Italy 302.1 60.42 200 Rome
4,210h
Portugal 92.2 10.28 112 Lisbon
2,927b
Romania 238.4
19.47f
82f
Bucharest 1,821
Spain 506.0 46.80 92 Madrid 6,497
Sweden 438.6 10.18 23 Stockholm 1,583
Slovakia
49.0i
5.45 111 Bratislava 430
Slovenia 20.3 2.07 102 Ljubljana 286
United Kingdom 242.5 66.46 274 London
9,046j
Iceland 103.0 0.35 3 Reykjavik 216
North Macedonia 25.7
2.08f
81f
Skopje 584
Montenegro 13.8 0.62 45 Podgorica 177
Norway 323.8 5.31 16 Oslo 1,012
Russiak 17,098.2 144.48 8 Moscow 12,410
Switzerland 41.3 8.51 206 Bern 422
Serbia 88.4 6.98 79 Belgrade
1,389b
Turkeyk 780.0 81.41 104 Ankara
4,919l
India 3,287.3 1,352.62 411 New Delhi
28,514l
Israel 22.1 8.88 402 Jerusalem
907m
Japan 378.0 126.53 335 Tokio
37,468l
Chinan 9,600.0 1,392.73 145 Beijing
19,618b
Republic of Korea 100.3 51.64 515 Soeul
9,963l
South Africa 1,221.0 57.78 47
Pretoriao
2,378
Egypt 1,002.0 98.42 98 Cairo
20,076l
Brazil 8,515.8 209.47 25 Brasilia
4,470l
United States 9,833.5 327.17 33 Washington, D.C. 5,207
Canada 9,984.7 37.06 4 Ottawa
1,363b
Mexico 1,964.4 126.19 64 Mexico City
21,581l
Australia 7,692.0 24.99 3 Canberra 448
New Zealand 268.1 4.89 18 Wellington 411

Footnotes

*
Source: Eurostat (Luxembourg); Demographic Yearbook, 2017 (UN, New York); World Development Indicators (The Worldbank, Washington D.C.); World Statistics Pocketbook, 2018 (UN, New York).
a
Data refer to 2017.
b
Including the population of the agglomeration belonging to the capital.
c
Refers to the Greater Copenhagen Region.
d
Excluding Aland Islands.
e
Including the overseas territories and departments.
f
Estimated data.
g
Refers to the localities of the Northern Harbour and Southern Harbour.
h
The official Metropolitan City.
i
Excluding inland water. 
j
Data refer to Greater London.
k
Including Asian areas as well.
l
Total population of the metropolitan area of the capital.
m
Including East Jerusalem.
n
Excluding Hongkong, Macao and Taiwan.
o
National administrative capital: the seat of the government and the public administration.
.