Countries 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Austria 2.7 14.0 7.7 -0.3 0.0 5.5 8.1 1.2 10.1 -3.5 5.2 1.9 15.3 -4.9 -11.8 -1.4 -2.9 11.8 13.1 1.1
Belgium .. -4.5 2.1 3.1 0.2 0.7 -0.4 2.6 -1.5 7.3 1.8 -3.9 -8.4 1.7 -13.2 -2.9 22.3 0.6 -12.8 24.1
Bulgaria .. 9.4 -0.7 5.3 1.8 8.8 -1.3 18.9 2.5 -6.4 -2.3 8.0 -0.6 1.1 -2.3 -0.7 -2.2 -2.7 -8.1 -7.1
Cyprus .. 4.3 8.7 7.2 2.1 5.4 6.2 3.7 4.4 2.8 2.0 -7.1 -4.2 -9.3 1.1 4.1 7.6 2.2 0.9 1.3
Czechia .. 1.8 2.5 8.3 1.0 -2.0 3.1 1.6 -4.5 -3.9 4.7 -1.5 -0.6 -1.5 -3.0 -2.7 0.9 4.8 1.4 -0.4
Denmark .. 5.0 -1.5 22.6 -11.6 -10.3 23.7 -13.7 -8.0 -0.3 7.1 -8.7 -11.6 11.9 -4.8 -8.7 4.4 -0.2 -1.4 -2.1
Estonia .. 1.1 0.6 14.3 2.0 -0.9 -3.7 15.9 -11.5 -12.1 31.8 -2.5 -3.2 5.4 -4.8 -12.3 14.7 6.2 0.0 -20.4
Finland 1.1 6.4 1.2 4.5 1.6 -11.8 16.1 -1.4 -8.0 -0.6 11.4 -9.0 -4.5 1.2 -4.7 0.9 0.0 -2.0 3.7 -2.0
France 2.9 3.2 0.4 2.6 2.0 0.8 -0.8 -0.8 1.2 -5.0 6.0 -5.1 1.3 1.8 -5.8 2.8 0.9 -0.5 0.2 -1.0
Greece .. -0.9 1.5 6.8 0.7 0.6 -1.7 3.5 -2.8 -4.2 -9.2 4.0 1.7 -6.9 -13.6 0.5 1.7 7.7 -1.4 -5.8
Netherlands .. 5.1 13.8 -2.0 1.3 17.7 -2.9 -2.6 3.3 -0.1 5.5 -12.1 -0.6 -1.0 -3.3 7.8 7.7 -0.2 -0.3 11.9
Croatia -5.9 6.9 2.0 3.5 5.7 -1.0 2.0 0.6 3.9 2.3 6.4 -7.0 -1.9 10.6 -5.3 -5.7 7.0 -0.2 1.5 7.5
Ireland .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. -3.1 -2.5 -6.1 15.4 -1.1 3.1 9.2 4.0 3.8
Poland .. 8.4 -0.4 0.6 1.3 3.7 0.4 2.3 -0.7 -5.1 0.6 1.6 1.5 -1.0 -3.0 -2.5 -7.2 4.0 10.6 5.1
Latvia .. 6.4 5.5 3.2 9.7 2.9 6.7 4.5 -4.2 -7.1 8.2 1.1 -2.9 -4.6 -4.8 0.0 6.5 8.3 -2.0 -4.4
Lithuaniaa -14.4 14.8 2.6 33.5 9.0 0.1 0.1 1.8 -0.9 -5.8 -0.9 -13.7 -4.4 -7.0 -8.8 -2.2 0.1 0.3 3.4 -0.8
Luxembourg .. 7.7 13.6 1.7 -4.0 1.6 6.7 -3.2 -6.4 -2.1 11.8 -9.0 -2.8 -9.0 1.8 -0.2 -0.7 6.8 -7.5 -8.3
Hungary .. 0.1 2.6 2.7 -1.8 -1.6 0.3 3.8 4.6 -11.4 0.9 -1.6 -3.4 -4.8 -4.7 6.2 0.7 0.3 -3.3 1.9
Malta .. 3.8 3.5 8.7 -0.9 1.1 0.9 1.5 -0.9 -4.7 -2.6 2.6 4.6 -2.3 -2.1 -44.6 -40.1 103.8 20.1 5.3
Germany 1.2 -1.8 0.3 3.7 2.6 0.1 1.4 -3.6 -1.9 -4.6 4.5 -5.3 2.7 0.7 -4.4 6.3 -0.7 0.8 -0.6 -6.4
Italy 6.3 0.8 1.3 5.2 2.9 3.1 2.2 -0.5 0.2 -8.6 2.4 -1.9 -3.4 -3.9 -5.3 2.0 1.1 3.0 -1.9 1.6
Portugal .. 8.8 -4.6 5.1 -14.8 -10.6 3.8 -1.6 -0.5 8.4 7.1 -0.5 -18.1 5.8 1.5 -0.1 16.7 4.1 1.1 -9.1
Romania .. 3.9 1.3 5.5 -2.5 2.3 -7.6 4.3 0.1 7.1 8.1 4.6 1.5 -1.2 -4.6 1.3 0.2 3.9 0.1 -4.4
Spain 9.7 3.4 0.9 2.8 6.7 4.5 0.7 1.9 0.7 -7.3 2.9 -3.5 -0.3 -3.7 -2.4 0.2 -2.4 2.2 -2.1 -1.3
Sweden .. -1.5 -9.1 -7.6 11.5 4.1 -9.0 3.4 1.5 -8.9 8.4 0.9 10.5 -7.7 1.2 4.9 -4.7 5.5 -0.5 3.9
Slovakia .. 3.9 -0.6 -0.7 3.4 3.9 -2.8 -4.6 1.5 -0.4 -0.1 1.5 -14.1 -1.2 -2.2 6.5 3.5 6.9 -6.6 5.8
Slovenia 1.9 9.6 5.7 -3.6 18.6 -1.1 -0.9 -11.1 2.4 -7.1 1.6 5.3 11.4 3.2 -14.1 1.9 -3.0 3.1 0.0 -0.9
EU27_2020
3.9a
2.3 0.8 3.5 2.0 1.5 1.1 -0.5 -0.2 -4.6 4.1 -3.3 -0.1 -1.1 -4.5 1.9 0.7 2.2 0.0 0.1
United Kingdom 4.4 3.6 1.0 1.5 1.7 -0.1 -0.3 0.6 1.8 -2.3 1.7 -6.1 -0.8 -0.5 -4.5 2.1 4.4 -1.8 -1.2 0.4
EU28
3.9a
2.4 0.9 3.2 2.0 1.3 0.8 -0.3 0.1 -4.2 3.7 -3.7 -0.2 -1.0 -4.5 1.9 1.3 1.6 -0.2 -0.4
Euro area–19
3.9a
1.8 1.3 3.5 2.3 1.8 1.1 -0.8 0.1 -4.7 4.0 -4.1 -0.4 -1.1 -4.9 2.7 1.6 1.9 -0.7 -0.5
North Macedonia .. 0.0 -3.8 9.9 -2.7 2.6 0.8 -9.5 -3.2 8.7 14.4 -3.1 -9.5 5.3 -14.2 3.2 -1.4 6.9 2.6 16.7
Norway 16.6 -14.9 6.6 -17.4 1.5 25.0 -11.6 12.7 4.0 -7.4 -5.0 2.9 15.7 -8.6 5.7 1.9 3.0 0.0 -1.7 -8.0
Russiab 4.0 1.4 4.8 3.3 1.1 0.9 3.4 -0.6 0.6 -2.7 2.2 0.2 1.3 -2.5 -0.1 -1.6 .. .. .. ..
Switzerlandb -0.4 5.0 -3.6 1.6 -0.1 -2.5 3.0 -1.5 5.4 -0.4 4.6 -4.4 9.0 3.2 -4.3 -2.0 .. .. .. ..
Serbia .. 1.4 -1.5 2.2 -0.4 8.0 2.3 3.3 1.7 1.1 -4.3 9.7 -7.4 8.3 -14.8 12.5 2.4 -5.9 1.1 0.4
Turkey 7.7 -2.3 5.5 8.6 6.6 7.4 8.7 9.0 3.4 -2.2 8.3 8.7 4.6 0.2 4.7 3.7 5.5 8.4 1.2 0.0
Indiac 4.0 3.0 3.2 5.1 5.2 5.2 7.2 7.6 2.8 6.0 5.5 8.2 4.0 6.1 8.4 5.6 .. .. .. ..
Japand 3.3 0.3 0.7 2.7 3.3 2.9 2.0 1.8 0.8 -7.4 6.3 -4.3 0.5 -1.7 -1.4 -3.2 .. .. .. ..
Republic of Korea 12.1 6.9 7.5 5.5 5.9 7.1 4.1 4.5 5.2 1.8 9.5 4.7 1.9 0.1 0.7 -1.0 .. .. .. ..
South Africac 3.7 -0.3 5.0 6.1 4.5 0.1 3.7 3.7 -2.0 -3.4 4.0 1.1 -1.8 -0.6 -0.6 -1.9 .. .. .. ..
United States 2.9 -0.4 3.1 1.9 1.3 2.1 -0.7 3.4 0.0 -2.5 3.7 -0.3 -2.3 2.3 1.3 -0.7 .. .. .. ..
Canada 4.6 -2.3 6.8 1.6 0.8 5.2 -0.7 4.6 6.0 -3.2 1.1 3.1 -1.1 3.9 0.1 -0.8 .. .. .. ..
Mexico 3.0 2.3 1.0 -2.8 4.0 2.0 12.1 6.2 2.9 0.5 5.0 8.0 2.3 0.5 9.1 4.3 .. .. .. ..
Australiad 2.1 1.5 1.0 1.3 2.0 1.0 -1.5 0.9 2.5 4.7 0.2 0.8 -1.4 -0.2 -2.3 1.5 .. .. .. ..
New Zealande -3.5 1.1 -3.8 7.9 1.6 4.0 -0.1 6.7 -0.8 0.7 5.0 2.8 -1.8 2.7 0.0 2.3 .. .. .. ..

Footnotes

*
Source: Eurostat (Luxembourg); Monthly Bulletin of Statistics database (UN, New York).
a
Eurostat estimate.
b
Electricity production, gas and water supply.
c
Electricity production.
d
Electricity production and gas supply.
e
Electricity production, gas and water supply, waste management.
.