Country, group of countries 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Austria 2.7 14.0 7.7 -0.3 0.0 5.5 8.1 1.2 10.1 -3.5 5.2 1.9 15.3 -4.9 -11.8 -1.4 -2.9 11.8 13.1 1.1 7.0
Belgium .. -4.5 2.1 3.1 0.2 0.7 -0.4 2.6 -1.5 7.3 1.8 -3.9 -8.4 1.7 -13.2 -2.9 22.3 0.6 -12.8 24.1 -3.2
Bulgaria .. 9.4 -0.7 5.3 1.8 8.8 -1.3 18.9 2.5 -6.4 -2.3 8.0 -0.6 1.1 -2.3 -0.7 -2.2 -2.7 -8.1 -7.8 -7.8
Cyprus .. 4.3 8.7 7.2 2.1 5.4 6.2 3.7 4.4 2.8 2.0 -7.1 -4.2 -9.3 1.1 4.1 7.6 2.2 0.9 1.3 -6.0
Czechia .. 1.8 2.5 8.3 1.0 -2.0 3.1 1.6 -4.5 -3.9 4.7 -1.5 -0.6 -1.5 -3.0 -2.7 0.9 4.8 1.4 -0.4 -6.3
Denmark .. 5.0 -1.5 22.6 -11.6 -10.3 23.7 -13.7 -8.0 -0.3 7.1 -8.7 -11.6 11.9 -4.8 -8.7 4.4 -0.2 -1.4 -2.1 -1.9
Estonia .. 1.1 0.6 14.3 2.0 -0.9 -3.7 15.9 -11.5 -12.1 31.8 -2.5 -3.2 5.4 -4.8 -12.3 14.7 6.2 0.0 -30.1 -16.0
Finland 1.1 6.4 1.2 4.5 1.6 -11.8 16.1 -1.4 -8.0 -0.6 11.4 -9.0 -4.5 1.2 -4.7 0.9 0.0 -2.0 3.7 -2.1 -1.7
France 2.9 3.2 0.4 2.6 2.0 0.8 -0.8 -0.8 1.2 -5.0 6.0 -5.1 1.3 1.8 -5.8 2.8 0.9 -0.5 0.6 -1.1 -5.9
Greece .. -0.9 1.5 6.8 0.7 0.6 -1.7 3.5 -2.8 -4.2 -9.2 4.0 1.7 -6.9 -13.6 0.5 1.7 7.7 -1.4 -5.8 -4.2
Netherlands .. 5.1 13.8 -2.0 1.3 17.7 -2.9 -2.6 3.3 -0.1 5.5 -12.1 -0.6 -1.0 -3.3 7.8 7.7 -0.2 -0.3 11.9 14.3
Croatia -5.9 6.9 2.0 3.5 5.7 -1.0 2.0 0.6 3.9 2.3 6.4 -7.0 -1.9 10.6 -5.3 -5.7 7.0 -0.2 1.5 7.5 2.1
Ireland .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. -3.1 -2.5 -6.1 15.4 -1.1 3.1 9.2 4.0 3.8 3.0
Poland .. 8.5 -0.4 0.5 1.4 3.7 0.3 2.3 -0.6 -5.2 0.7 1.6 1.5 -1.1 -3.0 -2.5 -7.2 4.0 10.6 5.2 -2.9
Latvia .. 6.4 5.5 3.2 9.7 2.9 6.7 4.5 -4.2 -7.1 8.2 1.1 -2.9 -4.6 -4.8 0.0 6.5 8.3 -2.0 -4.4 -7.1
Lithuaniaa -14.4 14.8 2.6 33.5 9.0 0.1 0.1 1.8 -0.9 -5.8 -0.9 -13.7 -4.4 -7.0 -8.8 -2.2 0.1 0.3 3.5 -0.8 -0.9
Luxembourg .. 7.7 13.6 1.7 -4.0 1.6 6.7 -3.2 -6.4 -2.1 11.7 -8.8 -3.3 -8.6 1.9 -0.3 -1.2 7.4 -7.4 -8.4 -5.6
Hungary .. 0.1 2.6 2.7 -1.8 -1.6 0.3 3.8 4.6 -11.4 0.9 -1.6 -3.4 -4.8 -4.7 6.2 0.7 0.3 -3.3 1.9 1.3
Malta .. 3.8 3.5 8.7 -0.9 1.1 0.9 1.5 -0.9 -4.7 -2.6 2.6 4.6 -2.3 -2.1 -44.6 -40.1 103.8 20.1 5.3 2.3
Germany 1.2 -1.8 0.3 3.7 2.6 0.1 1.4 -3.6 -1.9 -4.6 4.5 -5.3 2.7 0.7 -4.4 6.3 -0.7 0.8 -0.6 -6.4 -7.0
Italy 6.3 0.9 1.2 5.2 2.9 3.1 2.3 -0.5 0.2 -8.6 2.4 -1.9 -3.4 -3.9 -5.3 2.0 1.1 3.1 -2.0 1.7 -4.5
Portugal .. 8.8 -4.6 5.1 -14.8 -10.6 3.8 -1.6 -0.5 8.4 7.1 -0.5 -18.1 5.8 1.5 -0.1 16.7 4.1 1.1 -9.1 -0.5
Romania .. 3.9 1.3 5.5 -2.5 2.3 -7.6 4.3 0.1 7.1 8.1 4.6 1.5 -1.2 -4.6 1.3 0.2 3.9 0.1 -4.4 -2.8
Spain 9.7 3.5 0.9 2.8 6.6 4.6 0.7 1.9 0.7 -7.3 2.9 -3.5 -0.3 -3.7 -2.4 0.2 -2.4 2.2 -2.1 -1.3 -5.9
Sweden .. -1.5 -9.2 -7.5 11.5 4.1 -9.0 3.4 1.5 -9.1 8.5 0.9 10.4 -7.6 1.2 4.9 -4.7 5.5 -0.6 4.0 -3.6
Slovakia .. 3.9 -0.6 -0.7 3.4 3.9 -2.8 -4.6 1.5 -0.4 -0.1 1.5 -14.1 -1.2 -2.1 6.4 3.5 6.9 -6.6 5.9 6.3
Slovenia 1.9 9.6 5.7 -3.6 18.6 -1.1 -0.9 -11.1 2.4 -7.1 1.6 5.3 11.4 3.2 -14.1 1.9 -3.0 3.1 0.0 -0.9 -9.6
EU27_2020
3.8a
2.3 0.8 3.5 2.0 1.5 1.1 -0.5 -0.2 -4.6 4.1 -3.3 -0.1 -1.1 -4.5 1.9 0.7 2.2 0.1 -0.2 -3.4
United Kingdom 4.4 3.6 1.0 1.5 1.7 -0.1 -0.3 0.6 1.8 -2.3 1.7 -6.1 -0.8 -0.5 -4.5 2.1 4.4 -1.8 -1.2 0.4 ..
North Macedonia .. 0.0 -3.8 9.9 -2.7 2.6 0.8 -9.5 -3.2 8.7 14.4 -3.1 -9.5 5.3 -14.2 3.2 -1.4 6.9 2.6 16.7 -10.2
Norway 16.6 -14.9 6.6 -17.4 1.5 25.0 -11.6 12.7 4.0 -7.4 -5.0 2.9 15.7 -8.6 5.7 1.9 3.0 0.0 -1.7 -8.0 13.7
Russiab .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 2.2 0.2 1.3 -2.5 -0.1 -1.6 .. .. .. .. ..
Switzerland -0.4 5.0 -3.6 1.6 -0.1 -2.5 3.0 -1.5 5.4 -0.4 4.6 -4.4 8.0 3.2 -4.2 -1.6 -2.8 -0.9 4.6 5.1 -3.5
Serbia .. 1.4 -1.7 2.3 -0.4 8.0 2.3 3.3 1.7 1.1 -4.3 9.7 -7.4 8.3 -14.8 12.5 2.4 -5.9 1.1 0.4 0.8
Turkey 7.7 -2.3 5.5 8.6 6.6 7.4 8.7 9.0 3.4 -2.2 8.3 8.7 4.6 0.2 4.7 3.7 5.5 8.4 1.2 0.0 0.4
Indiac .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 5.5 8.2 4.0 6.1 8.4 5.6 .. .. .. .. ..
Japand .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 6.3 -4.3 0.5 -1.7 -1.4 -3.2 .. .. .. .. ..
Republic of Korea .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 9.5 4.7 1.9 0.1 0.7 -1.0 .. .. .. .. ..
South Africac .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 4.0 1.1 -1.8 -0.6 -0.6 -1.9 .. .. .. .. ..
United States .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 3.7 -0.3 -2.3 2.3 1.3 -0.7 .. .. .. .. ..
Canada .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 1.1 3.1 -1.1 3.9 0.1 -0.8 .. .. .. .. ..
Mexico .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 5.0 8.0 2.3 0.5 9.1 4.3 .. .. .. .. ..
Australiad .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.2 0.8 -1.4 -0.2 -2.3 1.5 .. .. .. .. ..
New Zealande .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 5.0 2.8 -1.8 2.7 0.0 2.3 .. .. .. .. ..

Footnotes

*
Source: Eurostat (Luxembourg); Monthly Bulletin of Statistics database (UN, New York). Download date: December 6, 2021.
a
Eurostat estimate.
b
Electricity production, gas and water supply.
c
Electricity production.
d
Electricity production and gas supply.
e
Electricity production, gas and water supply, waste management.
.