Country, group of countries 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021
Austria 6.8 7.0 1.1 1.8 6.0 -0.5 -14.3 11.8 6.4 -2.0 -0.4 -0.7 1.5 0.5 4.3 1.0 -0.6 -7.8 12.0
Belgium 0.4 7.5 4.4 5.1 6.0 -1.6 -12.7 7.0 5.0 -1.1 0.6 1.8 0.9 5.7 -0.5 1.7 -0.5 -6.4 11.4
Bulgaria 17.4 13.3 2.9 16.4 36.5 27.4 -24.5 3.8 9.6 5.3 5.6 4.1 7.0 3.7 7.4 2.0 4.0 -4.3 9.7
Cyprus -6.9 21.0 10.4 4.6 10.8 9.6 -14.6 7.1 -9.8 -12.7 -14.4 29.6 19.0 29.3 9.5 8.6 -6.4 -1.3 5.8
Czechia 7.2 21.8 4.9 14.9 12.7 4.2 -16.8 17.7 6.7 -3.4 -0.2 7.0 6.8 2.3 6.2 4.7 -0.4 -6.8 9.3
Denmark -2.6 2.4 9.1 8.6 8.2 0.3 -16.7 0.0 2.9 0.3 2.7 2.2 1.9 0.8 2.9 3.5 -1.1 -1.2 9.9
Estonia 14.1 15.7 16.7 23.9 2.7 -11.7 -25.2 17.3 22.6 7.5 0.5 -0.7 -3.4 5.4 4.2 5.8 -1.5 -1.5 14.1
Finland 5.5 5.2 7.0 9.2 4.2 0.9 -22.9 7.6 5.3 -4.9 0.8 1.3 0.4 4.0 5.8 0.8 -1.5 -4.1 6.0
France 1.9 5.1 1.4 1.5 3.1 -0.4 -12.7 6.5 2.9 -2.9 -2.1 -0.3 1.1 0.2 1.4 0.6 -0.5 -12.5 9.6
Greece 10.8 3.8 -4.2 6.8 13.2 -2.5 -10.9 -14.6 -12.1 -4.4 -1.2 6.8 3.0 7.1 2.3 6.5 2.9 -2.8 12.2
Netherlands 3.9 8.0 7.4 6.9 6.0 3.4 -12.1 9.1 0.5 2.0 -1.3 2.0 6.4 1.8 6.0 3.2 2.7 -5.0 10.4
Croatia 11.3 4.3 6.2 8.5 7.4 2.0 -20.3 -5.1 -1.2 -2.6 6.3 7.1 12.2 9.2 6.0 5.6 5.5 -2.9 10.6
Ireland -10.3 3.7 9.9 2.4 3.3 -8.2 -16.5 0.9 2.6 -0.1 1.0 12.2 10.6 7.6 8.8 7.3 -1.4 -2.2 10.2
Poland 5.1 16.5 6.2 17.5 15.6 9.7 -16.4 14.6 4.9 -1.5 2.0 8.3 5.2 3.3 8.0 6.8 2.1 -2.1 13.5
Latvia 12.2 19.1 18.0 23.4 15.9 -9.6 -28.8 17.6 23.2 7.9 1.2 2.2 1.6 2.2 9.7 6.4 1.9 -2.4 13.4
Lithuania 11.2 17.5 15.8 11.8 10.2 5.3 -26.9 17.1 13.4 3.4 7.3 3.4 4.9 3.3 8.0 2.4 3.7 -2.8 10.7
Luxembourg 6.3 9.7 10.6 14.0 -5.9 6.0 -8.4 -5.4 2.2 -2.3 -5.1 -0.2 4.9 -4.6 -2.3 -2.8 2.5 -12.5 9.8
Hungary 8.1 14.1 7.6 12.9 10.9 3.4 -20.1 14.0 6.1 -1.2 3.6 6.3 4.3 4.0 7.7 4.9 4.3 -2.7 8.6
Malta 4.7 5.3 2.8 14.0 1.4 0.3 -5.6 15.6 10.6 9.8 -4.9 16.0 16.0 11.0 -5.4 8.1 20.1 -15.5 4.9
Germany 5.2 5.8 4.7 8.8 4.2 -0.1 -12.2 13.1 4.8 -4.3 0.4 3.0 3.5 2.5 2.7 2.1 -0.9 -6.3 6.8
Italy 1.6 5.2 1.9 5.4 3.3 -5.4 -16.1 12.8 -0.7 -8.6 -3.1 1.1 4.7 2.3 2.8 1.0 -1.3 -9.6 11.8
Portugal -1.2 2.6 12.7 4.4 4.4 1.8 -12.3 7.3 -4.9 -7.7 4.4 6.0 5.6 4.5 7.2 4.6 5.6 -13.2 10.8
Romania 15.9 20.8 15.0 19.3 25.8 5.1 -26.4 12.2 7.8 -3.2 2.0 6.0 8.3 8.1 6.8 3.6 2.3 -4.8 10.7
Spain 5.5 8.8 4.9 6.8 5.1 -5.6 -19.4 7.8 -0.2 -7.6 -0.3 6.8 7.5 1.9 4.1 1.2 0.0 -12.0 10.7
Sweden 6.0 7.5 7.0 6.7 9.8 -1.4 -18.6 18.1 4.7 -2.9 -4.1 3.0 3.2 3.1 1.2 3.2 -2.6 -5.6 9.9
Slovakia 12.8 13.5 9.8 23.7 20.7 7.7 -14.2 18.6 8.4 3.5 3.9 6.7 4.2 2.0 3.3 5.0 -2.5 -7.0 9.2
Slovenia 6.9 12.1 12.1 14.9 14.9 4.7 -18.4 10.3 4.8 -4.4 3.9 3.8 6.7 4.7 9.9 8.0 8.8 -1.8 16.2
EU27_2020a 3.9 6.6 5.8 6.2 5.6 0.2 -14.4 10.1 2.2 -3.5 -1.1 2.6 4.2 2.3 3.5 3.3 0.5 -6.3 8.7
United Kingdom -3.5 4.1 5.5 10.8 -5.8 -6.2 -12.6 7.5 0.5 3.7 -5.8 3.1 3.1 6.6 3.3 -4.3 2.6 .. ..
Norway 2.9 11.3 9.3 10.1 9.9 0.6 -12.1 7.2 5.4 1.3 1.3 0.9 0.9 -1.4 9.5 1.0 0.5 -2.8 ..
Russia 23.5 32.1 29.7 38.2 .. .. 4.7 36.6 34.2 3.5 1.4 -10.9 -36.1 -0.2 24.5 4.9 3.1 -5.0 ..
Switzerland 1.0 4.0 1.9 10.4 1.7 1.7 -10.7 8.8 3.3 0.0 -0.8 -0.7 -0.1 1.4 1.0 8.5 -0.1 -13.6 ..
Turkey 33.0 21.2 11.7 8.5 12.7 -1.1 -13.0 21.1 12.7 1.0 8.3 -0.7 -0.1 1.4 1.0 8.5 -0.1 -13.6 ..
Israel -1.1 12.0 1.9 0.0 8.6 1.8 -14.7 16.2 9.6 1.6 -0.8 2.2 0.4 10.3 -1.3 3.0 1.8 -1.7 ..
Japan 7.0 7.5 2.6 4.2 -3.3 0.0 -14.3 13.7 2.6 1.7 0.8 0.6 -2.8 -0.3 3.1 3.9 -2.1 -6.6 ..
Republic of Korea 7.3 11.9 6.1 10.7 9.0 0.6 -2.4 17.2 5.1 0.5 4.3 4.6 3.2 1.2 8.5 1.5 -2.0 3.5 ..
Brazil 3.1 -18.4 -9.0 8.9 16.4 4.7 -16.4 33.0 7.4 -4.4 12.4 3.6 -11.4 -11.9 5.3 11.9 -15.3 .. ..
United States 5.9 10.3 5.9 5.6 0.8 -3.8 -16.4 15.0 4.1 3.1 0.8 -0.8 1.2 5.4 9.4 -9.4 -5.2 9.4 ..
Canada 4.2 8.0 7.4 6.0 5.7 0.8 -16.8 15.6 7.1 2.2 2.9 2.7 0.3 -0.5 5.4 4.1 1.0 -10.6 ..
Australia 11.1 14.2 -5.8 12.4 6.9 20.0 -11.8 5.5 11.0 8.3 1.4 -1.0 4.0 0.3 7.7 3.7 -1.3 -1.6 ..

Footnotes

*Source: Eurostat (Luxembourg); Monthly Bulletin of Statistics Online (UN, New York). Download date: September 20, 2022.
aRefers only to extra-EU trade.
Source: Eurostat (Luxembourg); Monthly Bulletin of Statistics Online (UN, New York)
.