Country, group of countries Unemployed, thousand persons, 2020 Unemployment rate, per cent
2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Austria 243.0 4.7 4.0 4.9 4.8 5.9 5.7 5.3 4.9 4.2 5.4 4.9 4.6 4.9 5.4 5.7 5.8 6.1 5.6 4.9 4.6 5.4
Belgium 281.7 6.6 6.2 6.9 7.7 7.4 8.5 8.3 7.5 7.0 8.0 8.4 7.2 7.6 8.5 8.6 8.6 7.9 7.1 6.0 5.4 5.6
Bulgaria 166.1 16.4 20.0 18.3 13.9 12.2 10.2 9.0 6.9 5.7 6.9 10.3 11.4 12.4 13.0 11.5 9.2 7.7 6.2 5.3 4.3 5.2
Cyprus 34.1 5.1 4.0 3.4 4.2 4.4 5.4 4.7 4.0 3.8 5.5 6.5 8.1 12.1 16.1 16.3 15.2 13.2 11.3 8.6 7.3 7.8
Czechia 136.8 8.8 8.0 7.1 7.6 8.3 8.0 7.2 5.4 4.4 6.8 7.4 6.8 7.0 7.0 6.2 5.1 4.0 2.9 2.3 2.1 2.6
Denmark 168.5 4.5 4.2 4.3 5.5 5.3 4.9 4.0 3.8 3.7 6.5 7.9 7.9 8.0 7.6 7.1 6.5 6.2 6.0 5.3 5.1 5.8
Estonia 46.7 13.6 13.2 10.2 11.6 10.6 8.2 6.1 4.7 5.6 13.9 17.1 12.6 10.2 8.9 7.5 6.3 7.0 5.9 5.4 4.6 7.0
Finland 211.5 11.2 10.4 10.5 10.5 10.4 8.5 7.8 6.9 6.4 8.4 8.5 7.9 7.8 8.3 8.8 9.6 9.0 8.8 7.5 6.8 7.9
France 2,338.8 10.3 8.6 8.7 8.3 8.9 8.5 8.5 7.7 7.1 8.8 8.9 8.9 9.5 10.0 10.3 10.4 10.1 9.5 9.1 8.5 8.1
Greece 746.0 11.5 10.6 10.2 9.6 10.5 10.1 9.1 8.5 7.9 9.8 12.9 18.1 24.7 27.7 26.7 25.1 23.7 21.7 19.5 17.5 16.5
Netherlands 349.3 2.7 2.1 2.6 3.6 4.7 5.9 5.0 4.2 3.7 4.4 5.1 5.0 5.9 7.3 7.5 6.9 6.1 4.9 3.8 3.4 3.9
Croatia 133.9 .. .. 15.4 14.3 14.1 13.0 11.5 10.1 8.7 9.4 11.9 14.0 16.3 17.5 17.5 16.4 13.3 11.3 8.5 6.7 7.6
Ireland 135.1 4.4 3.7 4.3 4.6 4.6 4.4 4.5 5.1 6.9 12.8 14.8 15.7 15.8 14.0 12.1 10.1 8.6 6.9 5.9 5.1 5.8
Poland 533.6 16.6 18.7 20.2 19.7 19.4 18.0 14.0 9.7 7.2 8.3 9.7 9.8 10.2 10.5 9.1 7.6 6.2 5.0 3.9 3.3 3.2
Latvia 78.3 14.5 14.1 14.0 12.2 11.9 10.2 7.2 6.2 8.0 18.0 19.8 16.5 15.3 12.1 11.1 10.1 9.9 8.9 7.6 6.5 8.4
Lithuania 125.4 16.3 17.1 13.2 13.0 10.8 8.4 5.8 4.3 5.9 14.0 18.1 15.7 13.6 12.0 10.9 9.3 8.1 7.3 6.3 6.5 8.8
Luxembourg 21.2 2.4 1.8 2.6 3.7 5.1 4.5 4.7 4.1 5.1 5.2 4.4 4.9 5.2 5.9 5.9 6.7 6.3 5.5 5.6 5.6 6.8
Hungary 196.5 6.6 5.7 5.6 5.8 5.9 7.2 7.5 7.5 7.9 10.1 11.3 11.1 11.1 10.2 7.8 6.8 5.1 4.2 3.7 3.5 4.3
Malta 11.8 6.4 7.2 7.0 7.5 7.4 7.0 6.8 6.5 6.0 6.9 6.9 6.4 6.3 6.2 5.8 5.4 4.7 4.1 3.7 3.7 4.4
Germany 1,645.2 8.0 7.8 8.6 9.9 10.8 11.3 10.4 8.8 7.6 7.9 7.1 5.9 5.5 5.3 5.1 4.7 4.2 3.8 3.5 3.2 3.9
Italy 2,297.5 11.0 9.7 9.3 9.0 8.0 7.8 6.9 6.2 6.8 7.9 8.5 8.5 10.8 12.3 12.9 12.1 11.9 11.4 10.8 10.2 9.4
Portugal 347.0 4.0 4.1 4.8 6.5 6.7 8.0 8.1 8.5 8.0 10.0 11.4 13.3 16.3 17.0 14.5 12.9 11.5 9.2 7.3 6.7 7.1
Romania 450.8 7.7 7.3 8.8 7.4 8.1 7.5 7.6 6.8 6.1 7.2 7.3 7.5 7.1 7.4 7.1 7.0 6.1 5.1 4.3 4.0 5.2
Spain 3,517.1 13.9 10.4 11.2 11.3 11.1 9.2 8.5 8.3 11.3 18.0 20.0 21.5 24.9 26.2 24.6 22.2 19.7 17.3 15.4 14.2 15.6
Sweden 453.8 5.5 4.8 5.0 5.6 6.8 7.9 7.1 6.2 6.3 8.5 8.8 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.1 7.6 7.1 6.9 6.5 7.0 8.5
Slovakia 181.1 19.1 19.4 18.7 17.2 18.6 16.3 13.4 11.2 9.5 12.1 14.4 13.7 14.0 14.3 13.2 11.5 9.7 8.2 6.6 5.8 6.8
Slovenia 51.2 7.1 5.8 6.1 6.6 6.1 6.7 6.1 5.0 4.5 6.0 7.4 8.3 9.0 10.3 9.9 9.1 8.1 6.7 5.2 4.5 5.0
EU27_2020 14,902.0 .. .. 9.7 9.8 10.0 9.7 8.7 7.5 7.3 9.3 10.0 10.0 11.0 11.5 11.0 10.2 9.3 8.3 7.4 6.8 7.2
United Kingdom .. 5.6 4.7 5.1 4.9 4.6 4.8 5.4 5.3 5.7 7.7 7.9 8.2 8.1 7.7 6.3 5.4 4.9 4.4 4.1 3.8 ..
North Macedonia 155.9 .. .. .. .. .. .. 36.3 35.2 34.0 32.3 32.2 31.6 31.2 29.1 28.1 26.3 24.0 22.5 21.0 17.4 16.6
Norway 123.3 3.5 3.7 4.1 4.3 4.3 4.4 3.4 2.5 2.6 3.2 3.6 3.3 3.2 3.5 3.6 4.4 4.8 4.3 3.9 3.8 4.5
Russia 860.1 10.7 9.0 7.9 8.3 7.8 7.2 7.1 6.1 6.2 8.4 7.4 6.6 5.5 5.5 5.2 5.6 5.6 7.4 4.9 4.5 5.7
Switzerland 235.8 2.7 2.5 3.0 4.2 4.4 4.5 4.1 3.7 3.4 4.2 4.9 4.5 4.6 4.9 5.0 4.9 5.1 5.0 4.9 4.5 5.0
Turkey 4,023.9 .. .. .. .. .. .. 8.9 9.1 9.9 12.8 10.9 9.0 8.3 8.9 10.1 10.4 11.1 11.1 11.1 14.0 13.4
Israel 171.6 11.2 12.0 13.1 13.7 13.2 11.5 10.8 9.5 7.8 9.7 8.6 7.3 7.0 6.3 6.0 5.3 4.9 4.3 4.1 3.9 4.5
Japan 1,750.0 4.9 5.2 5.6 5.5 4.9 4.6 4.4 4.1 4.2 5.3 5.4 4.8 4.6 4.2 3.8 3.5 3.3 3.0 2.6 2.5 2.9
Republic of Korea 992.4 4.3 3.9 3.2 3.5 3.6 3.7 3.4 3.2 3.1 3.5 3.4 3.1 2.9 2.9 3.2 3.7 3.8 3.7 3.9 3.8 4.0
United Statesa 12,151.6 4.0 4.8 5.9 6.1 5.6 5.1 4.7 4.7 5.9 9.4 9.8 9.1 8.2 7.5 6.3 5.4 4.9 4.4 3.9 3.7 8.1
Canada 1,820.3 6.9 7.3 7.7 7.6 7.3 6.8 6.4 6.1 6.2 8.4 8.2 7.6 7.4 7.2 7.0 7.0 7.1 6.4 5.9 5.7 9.6
Mexico 2,334.4 2.7 2.6 3.1 3.6 4.1 3.7 3.7 3.8 4.0 5.5 5.5 5.3 5.1 5.1 5.0 4.5 4.0 3.6 3.4 3.6 4.6
Australia 860.1 6.4 6.8 6.5 6.0 5.5 5.1 4.9 4.5 4.3 5.7 5.3 5.2 5.3 5.8 6.2 6.2 5.9 5.8 5.5 5.3 6.6
New Zealand 128.0 6.2 5.5 5.4 4.8 4.1 3.9 3.9 3.8 4.3 6.3 6.8 6.7 7.2 6.1 5.7 5.6 5.4 5.0 4.5 4.3 4.8

Footnotes

*
Source: Eurostat (Luxembourg); ILOSTAT (ILO, Geneva). Download date: September 30, 2021.
a
Data refer to the population aged 16–64.
.