Year Employed Unemployed Economically active Economically inactive Population of working age Of which: Potential labour reserve Activity rate Unemployment rate Employment rate
thousand persons %
Total
2009 3,831.4 416.6 4,248.0 2,162.5 6,410.6 666.5 66.3 9.8 59.8
2010 3,811.4 468.4 4,279.8 2,110.6 6,390.4 730.4 67.0 10.9 59.6
2011 3,833.0 464.5 4,297.5 2,055.0 6,352.5 753.9 67.6 10.8 60.3
2012 3,886.8 470.3 4,357.2 1,949.3 6,306.5 777.8 69.1 10.8 61.6
2013 3,963.8 438.2 4,401.9 1,856.6 6,258.6 749.8 70.3 10.0 63.3
2014 4,155.1 341.1 4,496.2 1,689.4 6,185.7 606.2 72.7 7.6 67.2
2015 4,275.8 306.4 4,582.1 1,677.9 6,260.1 523.3 73.2 6.7 68.3
2016 4,403.7 232.7 4,636.4 1,577.6 6,214.0 410.5 74.6 5.0 70.9
2017 4,489.3 190.6 4,679.9 1,601.6 6,281.5 348.6 74.5 4.1 71.5
2018 4,527.7 171.0 4,698.7 1,517.0 6,215.7 306.2 75.6 3.6 72.8
2019 4,568.5 157.9 4,726.3 1,600.8 6,327.1 292.1 74.7 3.3 72.2
2020 4,518.6 196.1 4,714.7 1,565.6 6,280.3 371.4 75.1 4.2 71.9
Male
2009 1,988.6 231.7 2,220.3 933.8 3,154.1 355.2 70.4 10.4 63.0
2010 1,959.3 261.5 2,220.8 924.7 3,145.5 389.2 70.6 11.8 62.3
2011 1,982.0 251.1 2,233.1 893.0 3,126.1 395.1 71.4 11.2 63.4
2012 2,009.9 260.8 2,270.7 848.5 3,119.2 405.5 72.8 11.5 64.4
2013 2,066.1 238.5 2,304.6 792.1 3,096.7 388.2 74.4 10.3 66.7
2014 2,181.3 180.6 2,361.9 706.0 3,067.9 308.9 77.0 7.6 71.1
2015 2,251.8 161.0 2,412.8 694.2 3,107.0 267.7 77.7 6.7 72.5
2016 2,314.5 126.8 2,441.3 643.9 3,085.2 211.1 79.1 5.2 75.0
2017 2,382.8 95.4 2,478.2 642.6 3,120.8 168.5 79.4 3.9 76.4
2018 2,401.6 87.9 2,489.5 602.9 3,092.5 150.0 80.5 3.5 77.7
2019 2,435.9 85.4 2,521.2 628.5 3,149.7 147.6 80.0 3.4 77.3
2020 2,416.0 103.5 2,519.5 615.4 3,134.9 182.8 80.4 4.1 77.1
Female
2009 1,842.8 184.9 2,027.7 1,228.8 3,256.5 311.3 62.3 9.1 56.6
2010 1,852.1 206.9 2,059.0 1,185.9 3,244.9 341.2 63.5 10.0 57.1
2011 1,850.9 213.4 2,064.3 1,162.1 3,226.4 358.8 64.0 10.3 57.4
2012 1,876.9 209.5 2,086.5 1,100.9 3,187.3 372.3 65.5 10.0 58.9
2013 1,897.7 199.7 2,097.3 1,064.5 3,161.8 361.6 66.3 9.5 60.0
2014 1,973.8 160.5 2,134.3 983.5 3,117.8 297.3 68.5 7.5 63.3
2015 2,024.0 145.3 2,169.3 983.7 3,153.1 255.5 68.8 6.7 64.2
2016 2,089.2 105.9 2,195.1 933.7 3,128.8 199.4 70.2 4.8 66.8
2017 2,106.5 95.2 2,201.7 959.0 3,160.6 180.1 69.7 4.3 66.6
2018 2,126.1 83.1 2,209.2 914.1 3,123.3 156.2 70.7 3.8 68.1
2019 2,132.6 72.5 2,205.1 972.3 3,177.4 144.5 69.4 3.3 67.1
2020 2,102.6 92.6 2,195.2 950.2 3,145.4 188.6 69.8 4.2 66.8

Footnotes

*
Working age: in 1998–1999 males: 15–60 years, females: 15–56 years, in 2000–2001 males: 15–61 years, females: 15–57 years, in 2002–2003 males: 15–61 years, females: 15–58 years, in 2004–2005 males: 15–61 years, females: 15–59 years, in 2006–2007 males: 15–61 years, females: 15–60 years, in 2008–2014 males: 15–61 years, females: 15–61 years, in 2015–2016 males: 15–62 years, females: 15–62 years, in 2017–2018 males: 15–63 years, females: 15–63 years, in 2019–2020 males: 15–64 years, females: 15–64 years. Source: Labour Force Survey, HCSO.
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