Denomination 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016a 2017 2018 2019 2020
R&D units
In Hungarian
published books and chapters 2,051 2,158 2,032 1,590 2,043 1,691 1,661 1,807 1,850 1,975 2,183
articles 3,287 3,427 2,296 2,242 2,861 2,833 2,339 2,666 2,071 2,188 2,603
conference publications 1,070 1,317 755 766 676 692 511 780 520 656 338
In foreign language
published books and chapters 843 1,005 1,108 730 850 747 764 827 936 1,130 798
articles 4,661 3,840 4,074 4,421 4,817 4,447 4,555 5,123 4,422 4,618 4,718
conference publications 1,430 1,381 1,025 748 1,211 1,146 862 787 525 412 423
R&D institutes and other government research units
In Hungarian
published books and chapters 4,855 5,164 5,595 5,671 5,552 5,564 5,042 5,496 6,309 6,036 6,219
articles 10,937 10,735 10,074 9,142 8,320 7,771 6,862 7,538 8,050 7,674 8,479
conference publications 6,745 6,818 6,082 5,335 4,041 3,413 2,785 2,720 2,435 2,515 1,817
In foreign language
published books and chapters 1,685 2,004 2,221 2,425 2,472 2,327 2,247 2,443 2,564 2,727 2,837
articles 9,076 9,909 10,177 10,387 10,537 9,793 9,861 10,871 11,747 12,309 14,168
conference publications 6,799 7,330 6,280 6,133 5,177 3,970 3,381 3,531 3,661 3,477 2,544
Higher education units
In Hungarian
published books and chapters 146 154 97 95 121 108 121 112 114 124 98
articles 694 878 638 651 537 502 506 470 458 366 401
conference publications 422 479 353 329 379 262 234 226 412 336 220
In foreign language
published books and chapters 56 73 60 86 84 61 36 41 42 83 51
articles 488 533 555 407 449 463 456 469 458 398 457
conference publications 418 451 417 397 371 335 300 281 355 358 208
Business enterprises total
In Hungarian
published books and chapters 7,052 7,476 7,724 7,356 7,716 7,363 6,824 7,415 8,273 8,135 8,500
articles 14,918 15,040 13,008 12,035 11,718 11,106 9,707 10,674 10,579 10,228 11,483
conference publications 8,237 8,614 7,190 6,430 5,096 4,367 3,530 3,726 3,367 3,507 2,375
In foreign language
published books and chapters 2,584 3,082 3,389 3,241 3,406 3,135 3,047 3,311 3,542 3,940 3,686
articles 14,225 14,282 14,806 15,215 15,803 14,703 14,872 16,463 16,627 17,325 19,343
conference publications 8,647 9,162 7,722 7,278 6,759 5,451 4,543 4,599 4,541 4,247 3,175

Footnotes

a
The data are not comparable to data for the previous years due to methodological change.
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