Year R&D institutes and other government research units R&D units in higher education R&D units of business enterprises Total
Ordinary or corresponding members of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences Doctors of science PhD, DLA Ordinary or corresponding members of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences Doctors of science PhD, DLA Ordinary or corresponding members of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences Doctors of science PhD, DLA Ordinary or corresponding members of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences Doctors of science PhD, DLA
2000 94 469 1,470 188 1,092 5,252 5 55 335 287 1,616 7,057
2001 99 455 1,487 232 1,085 5,476 6 69 406 337 1,609 7,369
2002 101 499 1,916 212 1,129 6,181 8 87 558 321 1,715 8,655
2003 102 487 1,841 195 1,197 6,448 6 90 547 303 1,774 8,836
2004 104 514 1,952 217 1,190 6,609 6 73 624 327 1,777 9,185
2005 98 492 2,064 221 1,278 6,900 5 77 675 324 1,847 9,639
2006 114 477 2,121 205 1,334 7,554 12 92 813 331 1,903 10,488
2007 94 476 2,080 212 1,275 7,718 11 89 938 317 1,840 10,736
2008 106 519 2,016 208 1,245 8,316 9 89 987 323 1,853 11,319
2009 93 499 2,164 216 1,186 8,499 12 111 1,223 321 1,796 11,886
2010 99 476 2,273 235 1,150 8,305 22 127 1,249 356 1,753 11,827
2011 93 489 2,336 202 1,127 8,517 20 145 1,248 315 1,761 12,101
2012 66 460 2,260 184 1,141 9,219 20 140 1,280 270 1,741 12,759
2013 66 416 2,417 152 1,086 9,419 15 129 1,295 233 1,631 13,131
2014 62 481 2,805 145 1,055 9,681 18 150 1,411 225 1,686 13,897
2015 54 426 3,084 139 1,053 9,853 23 85 1,486 216 1,564 14,423
2016 68 474 3,051 150 1,075 10,232 32 127 1,438 250 1,676 14,721
2017 70 457 3,353 174 1,154 11,246 19 153 1,559 263 1,764 16,158
2018 66 451 3,097 189 1,141 11,557 31 143 1,721 286 1,735 16,375
2019 68 479 3,131 202 1,088 11,960 8 117 1,810 278 1,684 16,901
2020 66 472 3,206 192 1,049 11,803 27 140 1,938 285 1,661 16,947

Footnotes

*
Internal R&D personnel holding a scientific degree or title could be taken into account in more than one research unit. Until 2015, persons holding scientific degree or title were counted from researchers, and from 2016 they were counted from the total number of R&D internal personnel.
.