Year Internal R&D staff number in head count Of which: Internal R&D staff number in head count, females Of which: Internal researchers in head count Of which: Internal researchers in head count, females Of which:
in R&D institutes and other goverment research units in higher education units in business enterprises in R&D institutes and other goverment research units in higher education units in business enterprises in R&D institutes and other goverment research units in higher education units in business enterprises in R&D institutes and other goverment research units in higher education units in business enterprises
1990 59,723 19,802 22,787 17,134 .. .. .. .. 30,256 8,770 14,044 7,442 8,489 2,568 4,086 1,835
1991 51,218 16,598 22,607 12,013 .. .. .. .. 26,763 7,544 14,192 5,027 7,711 2,267 4,158 1,286
1992 43,879 13,749 22,296 7,834 .. .. .. .. 24,110 6,531 14,295 3,284 7,361 1,932 4,501 928
1993 40,999 11,886 22,029 7,084 .. .. .. .. 23,012 5,833 13,874 3,305 7,338 1,959 4,514 865
1994 39,810 9,966 21,765 8,079 .. .. .. .. 22,401 4,966 13,897 3,538 7,328 1,801 4,556 971
1995 38,088 9,312 20,699 8,077 .. .. .. .. 20,859 4,590 12,665 3,604 7,092 1,714 4,299 1,079
1996 37,286 11,015 20,085 6,186 .. .. .. .. 20,485 5,339 12,249 2,897 6,649 1,638 4,113 898
1997 39,626 10,781 22,434 6,411 .. .. .. .. 21,999 5,299 13,469 3,231 7,367 1,730 4,744 893
1998 41,317 10,174 24,750 6,393 .. .. .. .. 23,547 5,262 14,884 3,401 8,129 1,911 5,293 925
1999 42,088 9,995 24,411 7,682 .. .. .. .. 24,609 5,090 15,456 4,063 7,554 1,708 4,898 948
2000 45,325 11,255 25,972 8,098 20,407 5,574 11,825 3,008 27,876 5,366 17,760 4,750 9,537 2,008 6,303 1,226
2001 45,676 10,461 26,543 8,672 20,554 5,139 12,259 3,156 28,351 5,172 18,271 4,908 9,363 1,842 6,313 1,208
2002 48,727 11,767 27,532 9,428 22,246 6,028 12,812 3,406 29,764 5,735 18,648 5,381 10,039 2,189 6,576 1,274
2003 48,681 11,474 27,769 9,438 22,549 5,862 13,293 3,394 30,292 5,822 18,971 5,499 10,647 2,323 6,976 1,348
2004 49,615 11,483 29,262 8,870 23,532 5,810 14,544 3,178 30,420 5,921 19,044 5,455 10,484 2,284 6,904 1,296
2005 49,723 11,627 28,702 9,394 23,213 5,917 14,172 3,124 31,407 6,213 19,086 6,108 10,731 2,371 6,979 1,381
2006 50,411 11,498 27,165 11,748 22,423 5,819 13,011 3,593 32,786 6,217 18,928 7,641 10,973 2,367 6,928 1,678
2007 49,485 10,429 25,923 13,133 21,511 5,082 12,530 3,899 33,059 5,941 18,545 8,573 11,077 2,304 6,857 1,916
2008 50,279 9,996 26,240 14,043 21,653 4,892 12,708 4,053 33,739 5,750 18,581 9,408 11,139 2,198 6,840 2,101
2009 52,522 10,100 25,934 16,488 21,885 4,962 12,451 4,472 35,267 5,973 18,395 10,899 11,323 2,391 6,644 2,288
2010 53,991 10,293 24,778 18,920 22,104 5,010 11,963 5,131 35,700 6,148 17,332 12,220 11,418 2,505 6,274 2,639
2011 55,386 10,156 24,404 20,826 22,245 4,973 11,912 5,360 36,945 6,237 17,059 13,649 11,729 2,565 6,267 2,897
2012 56,486 9,541 23,647 23,298 22,221 4,688 11,574 5,959 37,019 5,726 16,551 14,742 11,453 2,377 6,251 2,825
2013 58,237 9,309 23,112 25,816 22,467 4,505 11,545 6,417 37,803 5,770 16,023 16,010 11,462 2,403 6,195 2,864
2014 57,185 9,379 22,447 25,359 21,859 4,592 11,012 6,255 39,190 6,257 15,925 17,008 11,897 2,688 6,204 3,005
2015 56,235 10,531 21,998 23,706 21,918 5,107 10,854 5,957 38,418 6,290 15,643 16,485 11,848 2,698 6,170 2,980
2016 54,636 9,318 21,969 23,349 20,903 4,452 10,794 5,657 38,915 6,150 16,039 16,726 11,969 2,606 6,398 2,965
2017 60,932 9,099 23,816 28,017 22,712 4,393 11,683 6,636 42,729 6,113 17,324 19,292 13,024 2,640 6,952 3,432
2018 66,433 9,008 24,166 33,259 23,538 4,223 11,599 7,716 45,949 5,937 17,914 22,098 13,674 2,495 7,232 3,947
2019 70,589 9,081 25,743 35,765 24,814 4,407 12,410 7,997 48,376 5,869 18,732 23,775 14,276 2,460 7,598 4,218
2020 73,422 9,450 24,855 39,117 25,130 4,476 12,066 8,588 51,814 6,329 18,381 27,104 14,842 2,549 7,583 4,710
.