Agricultural census - Census on vineyards and orchards in 2001 - History
History of censuses on vineyards and orchards in Hungary
The first fruit plantation census in Hungary was held in 1895, which was followed by another exhaustive survey only in 1935. The necessary correction of the meanwhile outdated data led to a new fruit tree census conducted between 1956 and 1959. After this census observations on fruit trees were part of agricultural censuses.
Between 1961-63 the first vineyard census was carried out. This was the first extensive survey where census takers collect data by visiting all the vineyards. In 2001 the second census on vineyards was conducted. Compared to the earlier survey, additional data categories are collected; besides data on growing areas, detailed information is collected on owners and leaseholds as well.
The purposes of the census on fruit orchards, 2001 were to ensure reliable data for well-founded management of agricultural-economy, to establish the statistical registration system of orchards and to fulfil all the requirements of domestic and international users (FAO, EU) with summarising the detailed professional characteristics (varieties, cultivation methods, rootstock use etc.).