Transport statistics is about performances related to forwarding goods and the spatial movement of persons. Statistics on the movement of people have two main areas: interurban passenger transport (public transport between two settlements) and local passenger transport (public transport within a settlement). It also monitors the transport infrastructure involving rolling stock (e.g. number of passenger cars, buses) and built infrastructure (e.g. length of motorways, railway lines). Accident statistics take into account accidents in the country, with a special focus on road traffic accidents causing personal injury.
Share of transport and storage in gross value added
Share of transport and storage in the gross value added of the national economy at current basic prices.
It is particularly important to present, in addition to our regular and detailed publications, the current situation of the areas most affected by the pandemic with flash estimates using a limited information base. Our WEEKLY MONITOR presents the economic and social impacts of the pandemic through daily, weekly and monthly updated preliminary data as a collection of interactive diagrams.
In relation with the coronavirus pandemic the performance of the Hungarian economy decreased by 5.5% in the 1st – 3rd semesters of 2020, this result is replacing the 4-5% growths of the corresponding periods of the previous three years. During the same time the average GDP of the EU-27 states shrunk in a larger degree than the Hungarian one, by 7.0%. The population of Hungary decreased by 29 thousand people between January-October 2020 due to the natural decrease, this number is 5 thousand less year-on-year.
Passenger traffic at Hungary's external Schengen border sections was 56% lower in December 2020 than a year earlier. 54% fewer people crossed the border last year than in 2019 as a result of the pandemic and related measures. The number of road border crossings fell most at the Croatian border (–63%) and least at the Romanian border (–43%), with mainly smaller border stations seeing above average decline.
In the third quarter of 2020, freight transport fell by 13% year-on-year, with an even larger decline in international traffic. Covid 19 had a greater impact on passenger transport: long-distance public transport halved and local transport fell by 23% in performance. Compared to the second quarter of 2020, which was severely affected by the restrictive measures, freight transport performance increased by 3.5%, long-distance passenger transport by 75% and local public transport almost doubled.
The quantity of postal and courier consignments continued to increase during the 3rd quarter of 2020, the significant volume growth of online purchases, caused by the pandemic, may have contributed to this trend. The number of domestically posted consignments to an internal address grew by 30%, the smaller amount of those sent abroad increased by 11%. Postal matters arriving from abroad to a domestic address surpassed the 3rd quarter of 2019 volume by 7.4%.
The yearbook presents how demographic, socio-economic trends and environmental characteristics changed over time in Hungary. The main indicators are illustrated in time series or regional comparisons by charts and maps; the interactive versions of these are available on our website. Spatial disparities among counties and regions as well as international indicators are presented in separate chapters. The internet annex contains the publication in PDF format and all tables in Excel format.
Data related on settlements and districts of Budapest in the Dissemination database are updated twice this year, as such part of the 2019 serial settlement and district data, among others about passenger car types, number of freight transport vehicles, postal service centres, number of settlements with mobile post services are available from 31 July, four months earlier than it was customary before.