Agricultural statistics aims at assessing the performance of agriculture. In connection with crop production the statistical domain takes account of the utilisation, rent and sales price of productive land, and the sales of produced products. It also includes data on livestock and the production and sales of animal products. The effects of agriculture on the environment are substantially influenced by the technology used in production, so the statistical domain covers data for example on organic farming and the use of plant protection chemicals. A farm structure survey as well is made at intervals of several years, in which the number, size and labour input of holdings are surveyed.
Share of agriculture, forestry and fishing of gross value added
Agriculture, forestry and fishing section as a share of gross value added.
Change in net entrepreneurial income in agriculture
Net entrepreneurial income measures the income from agricultural activities which can be spent on the remuneration of own factors of production – i.e. unpaid work (carried out by family members), plot of land owned by the agricultural holding and own capital. It is the income equal to net value added less compensation of employees, other taxes on production, rents and interest expenditures, plus other subsidies on production and interest revenues.
The precipitation in May had a beneficial effect on the harvest results of ear cereals, but the draught in the middle of summer had an unfavourable influence on the yield of most arable crops harvested in autumn. Of the main vegetables less was produced than in 2018. The quantity of apple and sour cherry largely decreased because of extreme weather impacts and the base effect of the outstanding production in 2018. Hungary still has an important role in maize and sunflower production in the EU.
Agricultural producer prices were up by 5.4% in 2019 compared to the previous year. The price rise of live animals and animal products (7.7%) was more substantial than that of crop products (4.1%). Cereals prices were unchanged, the price of potatoes, vegetables and fruits rose significantly. The price of live animals increased by a tenth, within which pig prices by 22%. Input prices went up less than producer prices (by 3.5%), the value of the agricultural terms of trade was 101.8%.
The rise in the average procurement price of pigs for slaughter, as observed for 2019, went on in January 2020. As a consequence of a significant growth of the demand, the average procurement price was 44% higher than a year earlier, which was in line with the global trend. Chickens for slaughter, also with a substantial share of production, became slightly, 0.8% more expensive.
The output of agriculture in Hungary has grown at current prices since 2012, reaching HUF 2,789 billion in 2019. Crop production contributed to the performance by 57% and livestock production by 36%, the volume of output of the former was smaller, that of the latter larger than in the previous year. Gross value added was up by 3.0%. Labour input in agriculture went on shrinking. Hungary’s agriculture made up roughly 2.0% of the EU’s agricultural output in 2019, similarly to the previous year.
Cow’s milk has a key role in our meals. 2.1% more of it was procured from agricultural enterprises in 2019 than in the previous year. With this the volume – following a decrease of two years – rose again, reaching the highest level in the past few years. The protein and fat content of milk hardly changed in the meantime. Of major dairy products except for butter more was produced in 2019 than a year earlier, a significant increase was measured in the total weight of produced cream, as well as cheese and curd.
The total value of output of agriculture increased by 3.1% in 2019. The contributors to this were a 0.7% decrease in the volume of production and a 3.8% rise in producer prices. The volume of crop production lessened by 2.3%, while that of livestock production increased by 1.7% and the volume of services by 1.0%. The production of agricultural products stagnated or went down except for cereals, live animals and potatoes.
Productive area, covering nearly 79% of the area of the country, was 7,319 thousand hectares on 1 June 2019, 36.5 thousand hectares smaller than a year earlier. In addition to the withdrawal of arable land areas from production, the area of smaller-share kitchen gardens shrank by 15%. The area of orchards increased by 449 hectares, and more than three times that turned productive compared to 2018. The share of cereals continued to grow in the crop structure.
The volume of output of crop and livestock production both increased in 2018, so the output of agriculture became 3.6% higher than in 2017. The volume of intermediate consumption grew by 1.8%. Gross value added went up, however, labour input was reduced. In terms of real factor income per work unit, Hungary was ranked among the best-performing EU countries.