Culture contributes to the competitiveness of the society by strengthening the foundations of a knowledge-based society, in which the development of public culture and community development also play an important role. Cultural statistics includes the measurement of areas dealing with the cultural activities of society (e.g. theatre, cinema, museum, library, mass media, book production, etc.), the communication of data on cultural spending and funding.
Budgetary expenditure on culture as a percentage of GDP
Expenditure on culture as a percentage of the gross domestic product. These expenditures include the ones on books, music and journal publishing, radio, television broadcasting, cultural activities, artistic activities, zoological and botanical gardens, national parks, historic landmarks, as well as other entertainment and cultural activities.
Number of theatre visits per thousand inhabitants. When determining the number of theatre visits, every visitor is taken into account as many times as many performances he/she attended. The indicator meaures the number of thetre visits per thousand inhabitants.
Number of published books, booklets. Published book: a work prepared by printing or other means of reproduction having min. 49 pages, which is included in the National Bibliographies and made available to the public. Published booklet: a work prepared by printing or other means of reproduction having 4–48 pages, which is not published periodically and is made available to the public. Re-prints of a book are considered as separate publications.
Library services are available in almost every settlement in our days. There were 3 350 settlement libraries in our country in 2019, the most of them being located in the small villages featuring Borsod-Abauj- Zemplen county. The quantity of the library stock and the number of readers slightly decresed in the past years in Hungary, however the number of borrowed library units was significantly lower (by 25%) than in 2010; altering library-use habits may have played a role in this trend.
The yearbook presents how demographic, socio-economic trends and environmental characteristics changed over time in Hungary. The main indicators are illustrated in time series or regional comparisons by charts and maps; the interactive versions of these are available on our website. Spatial disparities among counties and regions as well as international indicators are presented in separate chapters. The internet annex contains the publication in PDF format and all tables in Excel format.
Every year the Statistical Pocketbook of Hungary is the first detailed tabular publication comprising all themes, which provides information on socio-economic processes in the previous year according to preliminary data. Its regional chapter presents the different regions, while its international chapter allows for comparisons of major data primarily on member states of the European Union. The interpretation of figures is supported by methodological description and while orientation by several charts.
In 2018, the Hungarian economy performed 4.9% better compared to the previous year. In parallel with economic growth, the labour market continued to expand dynamically. An important pillar of GDP growth was the improvement in the willingness of economic stakeholders to invest and the use of EU funds. In 2018, among factors influencing population number, the number of births declined faster than that of deaths. So the natural decline of the population continued. The total fertility rate was the same as in 2017, and the inclination to have children was significantly above the 2011 low.