Certain members of the society are entitled to certain benefits, provided in cash, in kind or as institutional social services, on a universal basis or on the basis of need or the principle of merit. Welfare statistics takes into account the system of institutions and benefits related to illness, old age, survivors, child raising, family and children, unemployment, housing and social exclusion, as well as the sources of their maintenance.
Social protection benefits as a percentage of GDP
Social protection benefits calculated according to the EU methodology as a percentage of the gross domestic product.
On 31st May, 2020, over 45 thousand children were enrolled for more than 50 thousand places in 2,042 infant nurseries in Hungary. The number of places increased by 8.0% compared to the reorganisation of childcare in 2017. The available capacity was used to the largest extent in Bács-Kiskun County (97%) and to the smallest extent in Heves County (86%). The proportion of places in traditional infant nurseries is over 70%, except for Tolna County, while Heves County has the highest rate of family infant nurseries and Tolna County the highest rate of mini infant nurseries.
The seasonal fluctuation of sick days typically peaks in October-November. October 2020 has not yet deviated from this trend. However, the number of sick days was much higher than usual in November. Nearly 100,000 were on sick pay, more than 20% more than the November average of previous years. The number of sick days increased for those in employment. No such increase was registered for the members of enterprises.
Hungary's welfare system spends more than the EU average on supporting families and children as well as old people. The real value of child care benefit has risen more than two-fold, while that of family allowance has decreased to the half since 1990. The real value of pensions and other benefits was 44% higher in 2019 than in 1990. Hungary spent 7.4 thousand billion forints on social protection in 2018, 65% of which was provided as benefits in cash and 35% as benefits in kind to people in need.
The yearbook presents how demographic, socio-economic trends and environmental characteristics changed over time in Hungary. The main indicators are illustrated in time series or regional comparisons by charts and maps; the interactive versions of these are available on our website. Spatial disparities among counties and regions as well as international indicators are presented in separate chapters. The internet annex contains the publication in PDF format and all tables in Excel format.
Data related on settlements and districts of Budapest in the Dissemination database are updated twice this year, as such part of the 2019 serial settlement and district data, among others about on functioning traditional as well as mini-, family and workplace nurseries, furthermore on institutional care of those disabled, homeless, elderly are available from 31 July, four months earlier than it was customary before.
Every year the Statistical Pocketbook of Hungary is the first detailed tabular publication comprising all themes, which provides information on socio-economic processes in the previous year according to preliminary data. Its regional chapter presents the different regions, while its international chapter allows for comparisons of major data primarily on member states of the European Union. The interpretation of figures is supported by methodological description and while orientation by several charts.