Certain members of the society are entitled to certain benefits, provided in cash, in kind or as institutional social services, on a universal basis or on the basis of need or the principle of merit. Welfare statistics takes into account the system of institutions and benefits related to illness, old age, survivors, child raising, family and children, unemployment, housing and social exclusion, as well as the sources of their maintenance.
Social protection benefits as a percentage of GDP
Social protection benefits calculated according to the EU methodology as a percentage of the gross domestic product.
The dissemination database’s data groups for settlements and for Budapest districts were updated with further data, referring to 2020, so settlement- and district-level 2020 data on basic child welfare provision, pensions and social benefits among others are available from 7 September.
The Covid19 pandemic has had a significant impact on the socio-economic developments in Hungary in 2020. The latest pocketbook shows, for example, that compared to the previous year, the output of the national economy decreased by 5%, the number of private enterprises temporarily ceasing their activities increased to 103,000, more people teleworked than before, there were fewer traffic accidents, more mail and courier deliveries were sent, and fewer but longer phone calls were made.
The average daily number of sick pay recipients was exceptionally high in November and December 2020, approaching the seasonal trend in January and merging into that in February and March. In March, 2.2% more people (71.8 thousands) were on sick leave per day than in the same period last year. The average daily number of employed sick pay recipients - nearly nine tenths of all sick pay recipients - rose by 2.9%, while the average daily number of self-employed sick pay recipients fell by 3.1%.
On 31st May, 2020, over 45 thousand children were enrolled for more than 50 thousand places in 2,042 infant nurseries in Hungary. The number of places increased by 8.0% compared to the reorganisation of childcare in 2017. The available capacity was used to the largest extent in Bács-Kiskun County (97%) and to the smallest extent in Heves County (86%). The proportion of places in traditional infant nurseries is over 70%, except for Tolna County, while Heves County has the highest rate of family infant nurseries and Tolna County the highest rate of mini infant nurseries.
Hungary's welfare system spends more than the EU average on supporting families and children as well as old people. The real value of child care benefit has risen more than two-fold, while that of family allowance has decreased to the half since 1990. The real value of pensions and other benefits was 44% higher in 2019 than in 1990. Hungary spent 7.4 thousand billion forints on social protection in 2018, 65% of which was provided as benefits in cash and 35% as benefits in kind to people in need.
The yearbook presents how demographic, socio-economic trends and environmental characteristics changed over time in Hungary. The main indicators are illustrated in time series or regional comparisons by charts and maps; the interactive versions of these are available on our website. Spatial disparities among counties and regions as well as international indicators are presented in separate chapters. The internet annex contains the publication in PDF format and all tables in Excel format.