A census is a regular, usually repeated every 10 years, full-scale status survey that covers the entire population of a country and applies to a predetermined date. The census is the largest collection of population data and aims to provide an accurate and detailed picture of the size, demographic characteristics, health, employment, living and housing conditions of the population of Hungary. This information is necessary for the preparation of economic and social decisions affecting the lives of all of us, for planning local development and for scientific research.
The census population is the population determined on the basis of place of usual residence, regardless of registration.
Evolution of the number of inhabitants per 100 dwellings at the time of the census. A dwelling is considered occupied if at least one person was living in it regularly and habitually at the time of the census.
New data have been added to the census database on the following topics: commuting of employed persons, detailed educational attainment of the population and field of study of educational attainment, population by place of residence before the current one and place of residence at birth, detailed data on limitation due to health status, detailed data on digital activities carried out by the population.
According to the preliminary census data, the population of Hungary on 1 October 2022 was 9 million 604 thousand. The number of people living in the current territory of the country peaked in 1980, at 10 million 709 thousand, and has been steadily decreasing since then. The main reason for this is natural decline: due to an ageing age structure, 464 000 more people have died since the last census than were born. This decline has been mitigated by a 131 thousand increase in immigration, mostly from neighbouring countries. The country's housing stock consists of 4 million 593 thousand dwellings.