Investment is defined in economics as creating or purchasing means of production, by which an economic actor obtains its goods supporting production and operation. Considered for a given period it means the expansion or modernisation of its capital, namely its stock of production means. Statistics on investments refer to the value of new and used investments, and are broken down by material-technical composition, by section and region.
Investments, change in volume
Change of volume in the performance value of new investments realised by the economic operators compared to the same period of the previous year.
The HCSO Weekly Monitor is replaced by the HCSO Monitor starting 11 October 2023. The interactive collection of figures, available on the HCSO website, continues to inform about the latest domestic and international social and economic trends, at the same time figures of First Releases have been added to the subjects, as such the content of its categories changed to a certain extent. The figures of the HCSO Monitor may be downloaded, as before, in image and data formats (PNG, SVG and CSV). Feel free to browse the latest data of the HCSO!
In the 3rd quarter of 2023 the volume of investments decreased by 12.1% compared to the same period of the previous year, and lessened by 2.2% compared to the previous quarter (seasonally adjusted). Most sections of the national economy contributed to the general investment decrease. Investment performance increased only in manufacturing, in the public administration section, as well as in a few, overall relatively small weight representing fields.
Tens of thousands of data of the approximately 500 tables, graphs and maps offer an overview of Hungary’s demographic, social and economic processes, its environmental specifics and their timely changes. Unemployment in the 15–74 age group decreased year-on-year, being 3.6% in 2022. We amass this year commercial, private and other accommodation establishments in one unit, a novelty approach of our publication, providing a better picture about tourist traffic. Tourism nights at accommodation establishments were 39 million 821 thousand in 2022.
The GDP volume lagged behind the same period of the previous year’s level by 1.7% in the 1st semester of 2023. Final consumption and gross accumulation both contributed to this trend, while the balance of the external trade significantly improved. Following the January inflation peak the growth rate of consumer prices lessened, consequently the decrease of real wages was more subdued, too. At the same time the setback in external trade turnover, typical for most EU countries, gradually slowed down during the 2nd quarter.
The processes taken place in 2022 were mainly determined by the uncertain global environment due to the Russia-Ukraine war and the general and considerable price increases worldwide. Despite these challenges, the Hungarian economy's performance expanded by 4.6% year-on-year, above the EU average. Employment reached a new record high and average earnings rose significantly, but the impact of this was gradually eroded by surging inflation. Population decline continued at a lower pace than in the previous year.
Despite the adverse economic effects, GDP volume in 2022 was 4.6% higher than a year earlier, while the employment rate expanded to 74.4%. Fewer deaths followed the end of the pandemic, but the birth rate also fell compared to 2021. In addition to the above data, the tables and graphs in the latest edition of the Statistical Pocketbook of Hungary, published every spring, provide a comprehensive insight into the evolution of social and economic trends in Hungary in 2022.