Education in the everyday sense is the transfer of knowledge, in the course of which a greater amount of theoretical and practical knowledge is taught to a person or a group within a usually regular, institutionalised framework. Education statistics includes measuring the educational level and qualifications of the population, assessing the performance of initial education (until 2011 public education) and tertiary educational institutions, publishing data on human and financial resources of education, and monitoring the lifelong learning process of the individual (workplace training and adult education).
Budgetary expenditure on education as a percentage of GDP
Share of budgetary expenditures on education in the gross domestic product. Budgetary expenditure on education includes kindergarten, primary, secondary, tertiary education, other education and other expenditure related to education.
Every year the Statistical Pocketbook of Hungary is the first detailed tabular publication comprising all themes, which provides information on socio-economic processes in the previous year according to preliminary data. Its regional chapter presents the different regions, while its international chapter allows for comparisons of major data primarily on member states of the European Union. The interpretation of figures is supported by methodological description and while orientation by several charts.
In Hungary 1 million 665 thousand children and young people – 86% of the age group of 3–22 year-olds – participate in the different levels of initial and tertiary full-time education in the 2019/2020 school year. Their number is 4 thousand less than in the previous school year, this trend corresponds to the demographic processes. The number of students in primary schools and secondary schools decreased, but children in kindergartens and students in tertiary education increased to the previous school year.
In the 1st-3rd quarters of 2019 the performance increase of the Hungarian economy continued. The growth was a result on one hand of the performance of the industry, construction and certain service divisions (e.g. commerce, tourism), on the other hand of the strengthening of the consumer and investment activity. Beside the price level increase real earnings surpassed the previous year’s level. Due to fewer live births and basically unchanged death numbers natural decrease was higher than in the 1st-3rd quarters of 2018.
The yearbook presents the demographic, socio-economic trends and the characteristics of the environment, as well as their changes over time in Hungary. The main indicators are illustrated in time series or regional comparisons by charts and maps; the interactive versions of these are available on our website. Spatial disparities among counties and regions as well as international indicators are presented in separate chapters. The volume appears with an internet annex containing the publication in PDF format, all tables in Excel format suitable for further processing as well as the Glossary also in Excel format.