Education in the everyday sense is the transfer of knowledge, in the course of which a greater amount of theoretical and practical knowledge is taught to a person or a group within a usually regular, institutionalised framework. Education statistics includes measuring the educational level and qualifications of the population, assessing the performance of initial education (until 2011 public education) and tertiary educational institutions, publishing data on human and financial resources of education, and monitoring the lifelong learning process of the individual (workplace training and adult education).
Expenditure on education of the budgetary institutions as a percentage of GDP
Share of budgetary expenditures on education in the gross domestic product. Budgetary expenditure on education includes kindergarten, primary, secondary, tertiary education, other education and other expenditure related to education.
It is exceptionally important to us to provide more up-to-date information on the social and economic developments in our country, in addition to our regular and detailed publications. Our WEEKLY MONITOR provides insights into trends in key areas through weekly, monthly and quarterly data from our interactive chart collection. Most WEEKLY MONITOR charts can also be downloaded in image and data formats (PNG, SVG and CSV).
In the 2020/2021 academic year 287.5 thousand students continue their studies in 62 tertiary educational institutions. Out of this, 249.2 thousand students attend tertiary BA/BSc, MA/MSc or undivided training, 11.8 thousand students tertiary level vocational training, 16.3 thousand students postgraduate specialisation, and 10.2 thousand students PhD (DLA) training. A total of 205 thousand young people continue their studies in full-time form; 1.1 thousand more than a year earlier. The number of foreign students kept increasing.
In the 2020/2021 school year the institutional system of initial and formal vocational education was transformed considerably: the institutions for initial education and the vocational educational institutions were separated. 398.3 thousand students participate in secondary full-time education, 12.5 thousand fewer than in the previous school year. In 2020 a total of 67.6 thousand students passed the final examination at upper secondary level.
In the 2020/2021 school year nearly 726 thousand students attended primary schools in full-time education, 5.4 thousand fewer than a year earlier. Pupils studied in 3,611 primary schools in 1,771 settlements. The number of teachers remained unchanged compared to the 2019/2020 school year. The number of students with special educational needs (SNE) kept increasing. Nearly half of the disadvantaged and multiply disadvantaged students study in settlements with fewer than 3,000 inhabitants.
In the 2020/2021 school year, 4,575 kindergartens function in Hungary; their number has grown by 5.0% in the past ten years. The increasing trend of the number of kindergarten children beginning in 2016 stopped in 2020; at present 323 thousand children, 7.8 thousand fewer than a year earlier attend kindergartens. In national terms, there are 84 children per 100 kindergarten places, and at district level, no shortage of kindergarten places can be observed; however, at local level it sometimes occurs.
The dissemination database’s data groups for settlements and for Budapest districts were updated with further data, referring to 2020, so settlement-level 2020 data on tertiary education among others are available from 7 September.
According to the data of the 2020/2021 school year, English and German have kept their leading role – with 202 and 118 thousand students. The proportion of students learning the former two languages has been increasing over the past ten years: from 85% to 91% for the English language and from 49% to 53% for the German language. The following places of the ranking are French, Italian and Spanish (with 17, 15 and 13 thousand students), while the popularity of the Russian and Latin languages significantly falls behind these former languages (the latter languages were studied by 4.6 and 3.5 thousand students).
In relation with the coronavirus pandemic the performance of the Hungarian economy decreased by 5.5% in the 1st – 3rd semesters of 2020, this result is replacing the 4-5% growths of the corresponding periods of the previous three years. During the same time the average GDP of the EU-27 states shrunk in a larger degree than the Hungarian one, by 7.0%. The population of Hungary decreased by 29 thousand people between January-October 2020 due to the natural decrease, this number is 5 thousand less year-on-year.
In the 2020/2021 school-year 1.8 million students attend initial, vocational and tertiary education according to preliminary data. Compared to the previous school-year, the number of kindergarten children and secondary school students decreased, but the number of primary school pupils and tertiary students increased. Thanks to the exemption from language exam requirements, over 123 thousand former students might receive their diploma, and over 114 thousand students have already picked it up.
The yearbook presents how demographic, socio-economic trends and environmental characteristics changed over time in Hungary. The main indicators are illustrated in time series or regional comparisons by charts and maps; the interactive versions of these are available on our website. Spatial disparities among counties and regions as well as international indicators are presented in separate chapters. The internet annex contains the publication in PDF format and all tables in Excel format.