Tourism is the activity of people who travel from their usual environment to another place, where they spend no more than one year for recreational, business or other purposes, but do not engage in gainful activity. 'Tourism and catering' includes statistics on the transit traffic of border crossings in Hungary, on the demand side of inbound, domestic and outbound tourism as well as on tourists, their journeys and related spending. In addition, it contains statistics on the capacity, guest turnover and revenues of commercial accommodation establishments and non-profit and for-profit other accommodation establishments in Hungary, as well as the characteristics of catering units operated in Hungary.
Share of the section of accommodation and food services in gross value added
Share of the section of accommodation and food services in gross value added of the national economy at current basic prices.
It is particularly important to present, in addition to our regular and detailed publications, the current situation of the areas most affected by the pandemic with flash estimates using a limited information base. Our WEEKLY MONITOR presents the economic and social impacts of the pandemic through daily, weekly and monthly updated preliminary data as a collection of interactive diagrams.
In December 2020, food service sales totalled HUF 61 billion due to ongoing strict Covid-19 measures, down more than 50% from a year earlier at constant prices. Sales in December were also lower than in November, breaking the trend of previous years. Annual sales fell by 31.9%, with commercial food service providers seeing above average declines, and workplace food service providers recording below average declines. Workplace food service providers have a smaller market share than commercial food service providers.
As a result of border crossing restrictions and Covid-19 protection measures for commercial accommodation, domestic tourists spent 89% fewer tourism nights in commercial accommodation establishments (hotels, boarding houses, camping sites, bungalow complexes and community hostels) compared to the same period of the previous year. International guests spent 96% fewer nights. 70% of all tourism nights were spent by domestic guests. Total gross sales of commercial accommodation establishments, calculated at current prices, were 93% lower than in December of the previous year. The number of domestic tourism nights decreased by 53% compared to the previous month, based on seasonally and calendar-adjusted data. In 2020, the number of tourism nights was 58% less than in 2019.
Passenger traffic at Hungary's external Schengen border sections was 56% lower in December 2020 than a year earlier. 54% fewer people crossed the border last year than in 2019 as a result of the pandemic and related measures. The number of road border crossings fell most at the Croatian border (–63%) and least at the Romanian border (–43%), with mainly smaller border stations seeing above average decline.
In the third quarter of 2020, 50% fewer foreign visitors spent 54% less in Hungary year-on-year due to Covid-19. Very few visitors came from outside Europe. Working trips fell the least. Hungarian trips abroad fell by 54% in number, with overnight trips seeing a reduction of almost one day in average length of stay.