Trade is the resale of purchased goods without conversion, an activity that links production to consumption. Trade in goods contributes to the efficient functioning of the national economy, the efficient use of resources, and the return on investment. During buying and selling, the goods purchased from producers are stored, stocked and then sold to users. Statistics on internal trading establishments include the number of internal trading establishments operating in Hungary. Another area of internal trade statistics shows the following: domestic retail sales and volume changes in domestic retail sales.
Share of trade and motor vehicle repair in gross value added
Internal trade and repair of motor vehicles as a share of gross value added at basic prices of the national economy in a given year, calculated at current prices.
It is particularly important to present, in addition to our regular and detailed publications, the current situation of the areas most affected by the pandemic with flash estimates using a limited information base. Our WEEKLY MONITOR presents the economic and social impacts of the pandemic through daily, weekly and monthly updated preliminary data as a collection of interactive diagrams.
In April 2021, the volume of retail trade increased by 9.9% in raw data and by 10.6% in calendar-adjusted data, compared with the same period of the previous year, as a result of the gradual lifting of restrictions from mid-month, and the low point in April last year. In April, calendar-adjusted sales volumes rose by 3.3% in specialized and non-specialized food shops and by around a fifth in non-food retail trade and automotive fuel retailing compared with the same period a year earlier. In January–April 2021, the volume of sales – also according to calendar adjusted data – did not change compared to the same period of the previous year.
In relation with the coronavirus pandemic the performance of the Hungarian economy decreased by 5.5% in the 1st – 3rd semesters of 2020, this result is replacing the 4-5% growths of the corresponding periods of the previous three years. During the same time the average GDP of the EU-27 states shrunk in a larger degree than the Hungarian one, by 7.0%. The population of Hungary decreased by 29 thousand people between January-October 2020 due to the natural decrease, this number is 5 thousand less year-on-year.
The yearbook presents how demographic, socio-economic trends and environmental characteristics changed over time in Hungary. The main indicators are illustrated in time series or regional comparisons by charts and maps; the interactive versions of these are available on our website. Spatial disparities among counties and regions as well as international indicators are presented in separate chapters. The internet annex contains the publication in PDF format and all tables in Excel format.