Agricultural census - FSS 2020
The 2020 Agricultural Census was carried out by the Hungarian Central Statistical Office (HCSO). The aim of the census was to follow up the structural changes in agriculture and to provide accurate and reliable data for national decision-makers, the EU and farmers.
Hungarian agriculture in numbers
Excel tables: https://www.ksh.hu/docs/eng/agrar/ac2020/ac2020_eng.xlsx
Thematic maps: https://map.ksh.hu/timea/?locale=en
Agriculture census on Eurostat website: https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/web/agriculture/census-2020
Why is the census needed?
Based on EU legislation data collection is mandatory in EU Member States.
The aim of the census is to provide through high-quality statistical data a realistic and objective picture about the Hungarian agriculture and the changes in the sector to farmers, the private sector, state and civil society organisations and EU institutions.
Accurate reporting is essential for farmers and their interest groups as well as government decision-makers – considering the interest of farmers and based on high-quality data – to be able to make right decisions and design different domestic and EU subsidisation policies and assess their impact.
What kind of data are collected?
Based on the EU regulation, core data are observed in the form of a census, while ‘module indicators’ on the basis of a smaller sample.
- identifiers of the agricultural holding: name (name of enterprise), type of holding, location of holding, characteristics of the manager, other identification data recorded in databases related to agricultural production;
- characteristics of land use by land use categories, types of tenure;
- characteristics of crop production of the holding;
- the holding’s livestock by age and sex;
- characteristics of people working in the holding;
- other gainful activities of the holding;
- animal housing and manure management;
- agricultural production methods.
In order to reduce burden on data providers, HCSO takes information on organic farming and on rural development subsidies from administrative databases, so these questions are not included in the questionnaire.
Who is affected by the census?
The census covers all private holdings which carry or carried out agricultural production for market purposes on the basis of previous data collections and/or administrative data. In addition, it covers all agricultural enterprises engaged in agricultural activities and included in the agricultural register of HCSO based on administrative data.
Is it mandatory to answer?
In accordance with Sections 24 and 26 of Act CLV of 2016 on Official Statistics the provision of data is mandatory for those selected for the purpose of the census.
Why are there pre-printed identification data on the questionnaire and why are these data necessary?
The aim of the Hungarian Central Statistical Office is to reduce the burden on respondents and to permanently improve the quality of data. To achieve this, HCSO intends relying on data from public registers to a greater extent, with the aid of which the length of the questionnaire and the response time can be reduced significantly in the future.
Act CLV of 2016 on Official Statistics (Statistics Act) allows HCSO to receive administrative data, in accordance with which it receives data from the National Food Chain Safety Office, the Hungarian State Treasury and the Hungarian Chamber of Agriculture among others.
HCSO links the data files it manages (pursuant to Section 41 of the Statistics Act) solely for statistical purpose, to the extent and for the time necessary to achieve the purpose, and guarantees the protection of the data.
The collected individual data are used solely for statistical purpose.
What kind of information is needed in order to complete the questionnaire quickly?
- records on farming (e.g. size of land area, manuring, etc.);
- customer identification code(s) related to the holding, for which agricultural and rural development subsidies are applied for from the Hungarian State Treasury;
- primary producer certificate(s);
- identification codes at the Hungarian Chamber of Agriculture.
How and when are data collected?
Data are collected entirely via electronic devices: via an on-line platform and tablets.
Agricultural enterprises have to fill in the questionnaire, as in the case of their other data provisions to HCSO, in HCSO’s Elektra system, between 5 June and 30 June 2020.
Key private holdings will provide data solely via a web platform by self-filling the questionnaire, also in the period of 5–30 June, based on the information sent to them in an information letter.
Private holdings other than the key ones can also enter the data electronically between 5 and 30 June 2020. Those taking this opportunity will already not be visited by enumerators between 1 October and 15 December 2020. Enumerators will visit holdings and carry out a computer- (tablet-) assisted interview with them in the autumn period.
What is farm threshold?
Farm threshold is a threshold defined for certain indicators, and when reaching it, private holders have to fill in a questionnaire. At the beginning of the questionnaire it is checked with simple questions (e.g. size of productive area and of livestock, if any agricultural service is provided) whether the size of the holding exceeds a threshold. If this is the case, the whole questionnaire is to be completed, if not, the interview is ended.
What is the legal background to the census?
Regulation (EU) No. 2018/1091 of the European Parliament and of the Council on integrated agricultural statistics,
Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) No. 2018/1874 on integrated agricultural statistics, Act CLV of 2016 on Official Statistics,
Government Decree No. 184/2017 (5 July) – implementing Act CLV of 2016 on Official Statistics.
When will census data be published?
Preliminary data of the ‘Agricultural Census, 2020’ are planned to be published in spring 2021.
Final and detailed data, at settlement-level for certain indicators, are expected to be available on the HCSO website at the end of 2021.
Data providers can indicate on the questionnaire if they would like to receive immediate notice of the publication of data and analyses.
Whom can I turn to if I have a question related to the census?
To answer professional and IT questions arising during the census, the Office operates a call centre which can be called free during the census.
How can I make sure that it is indeed an enumerator who visited me?
Enumerators are required to identify themselves by showing simultaneously their enumerator identification card and their ID card before starting the interview.
It is also possible to call HCSO to confirm the identity of the enumerator.
Where can I get more information about agricultural censuses?
More information about the census is available at the http://www.ksh.hu/agricultural_census_fss_2020 page.
To handle professional and IT issues a call centre is operated during the census.
How is it ensured that my data are properly protected?
Data collected will be treated as confidential and will be used solely for statistical purposes.
For the reception of administrative data, point 2.1.2 of HCSO’s General Information on Data Processing is applicable.
The data collection does not cover personal data. In case of private entrepreneurs and primary producers the name and the address, however, keep their natural character, as well as the contact details (telephone number and email address), if they are explicitly related to a natural person.
There is also a prize draw for the census. For these pieces of information points 2.4 and 2.15 of HCSO’s General Information on Data Processing are applicable. Other detailed rules of the prize draw are included in the draw rules.