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Agricultural census - FSS 2020

The 2020 Agricultural Census was carried out by the Hungarian Central Statistical Office (HCSO). The aim of the census was to follow up the structural changes in agriculture and to provide accurate and reliable data for national decision-makers, the EU and farmers.


Hungarian agriculture in numbers

HCSO developed an interactive dashboard as a part of the publication of results of Agricultural Census 2020 to enable complex analysis of collected data.


Data correction was made on 7 December 2022. After data correction the data include non-classified holdings too, therefore the aggregates are the same as in other publications.

Excel tables: https://www.ksh.hu/docs/eng/agrar/ac2020/ac2020_eng.xlsx

Thematic maps: https://map.ksh.hu/timea/?locale=en

The threshold was changed in the 2020 Census. In order to ensure comparability of the data collected in 2020, the HCSO has recalculated the data of the 2010 Agricultural Census and the 2013 and 2016 Farm Structural Surveys with the new threshold. The 2020 data are published with the new threshold.

Questionnaire: https://www.ksh.hu/docs/eng/agrar/ac2020/ac2020_questionnaire.xlsx

Agriculture census on Eurostat website: https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/web/agriculture/census-2020

See Methodology.


What is farm threshold?

Farm threshold is a threshold defined for certain indicators, and when reaching it, private holders have to fill in a questionnaire. At the beginning of the questionnaire it is checked with simple questions (e.g. size of productive area and of livestock, if any agricultural service is provided) whether the size of the holding exceeds a threshold. If this is the case, the whole questionnaire is to be completed, if not, the interview is ended.

What is the legal background to the census?

Regulation (EU) No. 2018/1091 of the European Parliament and of the Council on integrated agricultural statistics,
Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) No. 2018/1874 on integrated agricultural statistics, Act CLV of 2016 on Official Statistics,
Government Decree No. 184/2017 (5 July) – implementing Act CLV of 2016 on Official Statistics.